Chapter Two: Colonizing America
Section Four: The Middle and Southern Colonies
A. The Middle Colonies: New York
a. This area was first explored by Henry __________________.
b. The Dutch (__________________) claimed the area and called it
c. They bought _____________________ Island from the Native
Americans and began their major settlement, New Amsterdam.
d. By 1660, ________________ was interested in New Netherland.
e. King Charles II gave his brother, James (Duke of
_______________) permission to take the land from the Dutch.
f. The Dutch were forced out and the English took control. They
________________ the area New York.
B. New Jersey
a. Part of the new land was given to two of the king’s close
b. Sir George ___________________ and Lord John Berkley.
c. They called it New _____________________
d. Granted religious freedom, had an _______________ assembly, and
gave out large land grants.
CHUNK # 4 C. Pennsylvania
a. Founded by William ___________________
GIST – Turn to page 75. Read the”Holy Experiment” paragraphs 1, 2 and
3. Write one statement in the space provided that gives the “gist” or
summary of the selection.
b. He was a _______________________
c. This was a religious group which believed people should be guided by
their “inner ______________________”.
d. They should not be led by ___________________ or the Bible.
e. Quakers were often ____________________.
f. Pennsylvania was a “holy _____________________” in which
religious and political freedom would be granted.
g. Its major ___________________ was Philadelphia, “the city of
h. This became a very large, prosperous, city, one of the
___________________ in the colonies.
a. William Penn later _______________ land south of Pennsylvania.
b. This became the __________________ of Delaware.
E. The Southern Colonies: The Carolinas (North and South)
a. This area was granted to a group of proprietors who were close
____________________ of King Charles II.
b. The ________________ portion grew very slowly.
c. ___________________ farming became its main function.
d. In the ______________________ portion, more people settled.
e. Established __________________ Town, which became a major port
f. ___________ farming eventually became important in South Carolina.
a. Founded by _________________ Oglethorpe.
b. It was intended to be a ____________ for debtors who had been
imprisoned in England.
c. Slavery and ___________________ were banned.
d. These bans were later lifted and an elected __________________
a. By the 1770s, England had ________ well established colonies in
b. Most of these colonies allowed ______________ freedom and had
c. This tradition of self rule and freedom would lead to the
_________________ in the colonies in 1776.