Chapter One: Converging Cultures
Section Five: Europe encounters America.
A. The Vikings
a. The first Europeans to settle in America were the _____________.
b. These people were from _____________________.
c. They made settlements in America around the year ___________ A.D.
d. However, the Vikings’ settlements did not _____________.
B. Christopher Columbus
a. Christopher Columbus was an ________________ born navigator.
b. He believed that Europe and _________ were not all that far apart and
that he could get there by sailing ____________.
c. However, no rulers were willing to financially ______________ Columbus’
d. Then in 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of _____________
agreed to sponsor Columbus.
e. Columbus was given three ships, the Nina, the _________ and the Santa Maria.
f. After more than two months, Columbus finally reached the Caribbean
g. Believing he had reached India, he called the people he saw
h. He returned to America the next year bringing back ______________,
and Native Americans.
i. Columbus returned to America ___________ more times and explored
other Caribbean islands.
j. He never knew he had discovered a new __________________.
C. Spain Claims America
a. By the _____________, Spain was eager to make colonies in America.
b. However, Portugal also wanted to _____________ parts of America.
c. To prevent war, the two countries came to an _________________:
The Treaty of Tordesillas.
d. The treaty drew a line of demarcation down the ______________ of
the Atlantic Ocean.
e. Spain would get everything to the ____________ of the line; Portugal
would get everything to the ______________.
f. Italian explorer _________________ Vespucci concluded that this new
land was not Asia, but a new continent.
g. Therefore, the new land was later named for him in his honor.
h. Ferdinand Magellan discovered a ____________ (small stretch of water
connecting two larger bodies of water) in Southern South America.
i. He managed to ________________ his way through the strait to the
ocean on the other side.
j. He named this ocean “The Pacific”, which means ______________.
k. His crew continued their _________________ all the way back to
l. They became the first people to circumnavigate (go all the way
______________) the world.
D. The Columbian Exchange
a. The ______________ of animals, plants, ideas and diseases from
Europe to the Americas and the Americas to Europe.
CHUNK #4 pg. 44. From Europe to America, 1st
paragraph. History Frame –
Answer the following questions from the passage you have read.
Setting Where and When? –
Characters Who were the key players? –
Plot What happened? –
Outcome What were the results?
1. Examples from Europe to the Americas;
-Wheat, _______________, firearms, small pox.
2. Examples from Americas to Europe;
-Potatoes, __________________, tobacco, corn
b. Millions of Native Americans died from _________________ brought
over by Europeans.