Chapter 3 sec 4


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Chapter 3 sec 4

  1. 1. Tuesday, October 30, 2012Tuesday, October 30, 2012 Agree Disagree 1. The movement Agree DisagreeAgree Disagree 1. The movement Agree Disagree ____ ____ that emphasized ____ ________ ____ that emphasized ____ ____ logic and reason over religionlogic and reason over religion is known as the Great known as the Great Awakening. ____ ____ 2. Colonial Women____ ____ 2. Colonial Women ____ _________ _____ had no legal statushad no legal status in the the colonies.
  2. 2. Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of LifeChapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life Section Four: A Diverse SocietySection Four: A Diverse Society A. Family Life in Colonial AmericaA. Family Life in Colonial America  TheThe populationpopulation of the coloniesof the colonies increasedincreased greatly in the 1700s.greatly in the 1700s.  Partly due to aPartly due to a rising birth raterising birth rate..  Also due to large numbers ofAlso due to large numbers of immigrantsimmigrants arriving in the colonies.arriving in the colonies. WHERE DID THESE IMMIGRANTS COMEWHERE DID THESE IMMIGRANTS COME FROM?FROM?
  3. 3. Colonial WomenColonial Women  Women in the colonies,Women in the colonies, especially marriedespecially married women,women, hadhad no legalno legal statusstatus..  Married womenMarried women couldcould not own propertynot own property..  Their status began toTheir status began to improveimprove laterlater on, some women were able toon, some women were able to runrun businessbusiness,, plantationsplantations..
  4. 4. B. Africans in ColonialB. Africans in Colonial AmericaAmerica  Many Africans who came to AmericaMany Africans who came to America attemptedattempted to keepto keep theirtheir AfricanAfrican language, traditions, etclanguage, traditions, etc. Thus creating. Thus creating aa new African-American culturenew African-American culture.. Examples:Examples: Aspects ofAspects of AfricanAfrican religionsreligions becamebecame mixedmixed withwith thethe beliefs of Christianitybeliefs of Christianity..
  5. 5.  African-AmericanAfrican-American musicmusic beganbegan to develop using African develop using African rhythms. HOW DID THIS HELP SLAVES COPE?HOW DID THIS HELP SLAVES COPE?  White planters often usedWhite planters often used harsh meansharsh means to establish their authorityto establish their authority overover African laborers.African laborers.
  6. 6.  Some Africans resisted in aSome Africans resisted in a passive waypassive way.. EXAMPLE:EXAMPLE: (Breaking tools, working(Breaking tools, working slowly etc.)slowly etc.)  Others were more daring,Others were more daring, running awayrunning away oror revoltingrevolting..
  7. 7.  Some evenSome even purchased their freedompurchased their freedom oror werewere freed by their ownersfreed by their owners..  This created aThis created a sizeablesizeable free African-Americanfree African-American populationpopulation by the the 1700s.
  8. 8. C. The Enlightenment and theC. The Enlightenment and the Great AwakeningGreat Awakening The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment European iEuropean intellectualntellectual andand culturalcultural movementmovement..
  9. 9.  Challenged theChallenged the authority of the churchauthority of the church in science.  Emphasis onEmphasis on logiclogic andand reasonreason overover religionreligion..  John LockeJohn Locke - one of the- one of the mostmost significant Enlightenmentsignificant Enlightenment thinkersthinkers..
  10. 10. CHUNK #4CHUNK #4 Pg. 108. UnderPg. 108. Under The EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment readread the 4the 4thth paragraph and fill out the chartparagraph and fill out the chart below.below. Montesquieu’s political power
  11. 11.  MontesquieuMontesquieu – said there– said there werewere 3 types of political3 types of political powerpower.. 1. Legislative1. Legislative:: CongressCongress -- writes lawwrites law 2. Executive2. Executive :: PresidentPresident -- enforces lawenforces law 3. Judicial3. Judicial:: Supreme CourtSupreme Court -- interpretsinterprets lawlaw
  12. 12.  He believed aHe believed a government’s powergovernment’s power should beshould be divided among these threedivided among these three branchesbranches..  This way a government wouldThis way a government would be balanced andbe balanced and no one branchno one branch would becomewould become too powerfultoo powerful..  This is calledThis is called SEPARATION OFSEPARATION OF POWERPOWER..
  13. 13. The Great AwakeningThe Great Awakening  Religious revival.Religious revival.  Emphasis onEmphasis on religionreligion, faith, and, faith, and devoutdevout belief in Godbelief in God..  IncreaseIncrease in church attendance, especiallyin church attendance, especially ProtestantsProtestants..
  14. 14.  Ministers preached that we areMinisters preached that we are all equalall equal before Godbefore God.. DID THIS APPLY TO SLAVES?DID THIS APPLY TO SLAVES? Both of these movementsBoth of these movements were huge influences onwere huge influences on thethe American revolutionAmerican revolution!!!!!!
  15. 15. REVIEWREVIEW 1. What was the enlightenment?1. What was the enlightenment? 2. What was the Great Awakening?2. What was the Great Awakening? 3. What are the 3 branches of3. What are the 3 branches of government and who thought of them?government and who thought of them?