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Chapter 2 sec 3

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Chapter 2 sec 3

  1. 1. Thursday, September 27, 2012Thursday, September 27, 2012 Agree Disagree 1. PocahontasAgree Disagree 1. Pocahontas ____ ________ ____ helped thehelped the pilgrims learn how to fish and hunt.pilgrims learn how to fish and hunt. ____ ____ 2. Fundamental____ ____ 2. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was theOrders of Connecticut was the first written constitution in Americafirst written constitution in America
  2. 2. Chapter Two:Chapter Two: Colonizing AmericaColonizing America Section Three:Section Three: New EnglandNew England A. The PilgrimsA. The Pilgrims  A group of Puritans brokeA group of Puritans broke away from the Anglican Churchaway from the Anglican Church to form new churches.to form new churches.  These peopleThese people were known aswere known as separatistsseparatists..
  3. 3.  When King James I tried toWhen King James I tried to imprisonimprison these people, they first fled tothese people, they first fled to HollandHolland..  TheseThese SeparatistsSeparatists that left Englandthat left England were thewere the PilgrimsPilgrims..
  4. 4.  Life in Holland was alsoLife in Holland was also difficultdifficult for thefor the Pilgrims, they decided to leave forPilgrims, they decided to leave for America.America.  1620 – The Pilgrims left for America1620 – The Pilgrims left for America aboard theaboard the “Mayflower”“Mayflower”..
  5. 5.  They planned to go to Virginia but aThey planned to go to Virginia but a stormstorm blew them off courseblew them off course..  They arrived atThey arrived at PlymouthPlymouth,, in present dayin present day MassachusettsMassachusetts..  The Pilgrims had a difficult first yearThe Pilgrims had a difficult first year at Plymouth, but were helped by aat Plymouth, but were helped by a Native American man,Native American man, SquantoSquanto..
  6. 6.  1621 – The Pilgrims celebrated the1621 – The Pilgrims celebrated the harvestharvest with the Native Americans.with the Native Americans.  This became the basis for theThis became the basis for the holidayholiday..
  7. 7. 11stst Thanksgiving MenuThanksgiving Menu  Foods Available to the Pilgrims for their 1621 ThanksgivingFoods Available to the Pilgrims for their 1621 Thanksgiving  FISH:FISH:  cod, bass, herring, shad, bluefish, and lots of eel. cod, bass, herring, shad, bluefish, and lots of eel.  SEAFOOD:SEAFOOD:  clams, lobsters, mussels, and very small quantities of oysters clams, lobsters, mussels, and very small quantities of oysters  BIRDS:BIRDS:  wild turkey, goose, duck, crane, swan, partridge, and other miscellaneous wild turkey, goose, duck, crane, swan, partridge, and other miscellaneous waterfowl; they were also known to have occasionally eaten eagles (which "tastedwaterfowl; they were also known to have occasionally eaten eagles (which "tasted like mutton" according to Winslow in 1623.)like mutton" according to Winslow in 1623.)  OTHER MEAT:OTHER MEAT:  venison (deer), venison (deer), possiblypossibly some salt pork or chicken.some salt pork or chicken.  GRAIN:GRAIN:  wheat flour, Indian corn and corn meal; barley (mainly for beer-making). wheat flour, Indian corn and corn meal; barley (mainly for beer-making).  FRUITS:FRUITS:  raspberries, strawberries, grapes, plums, cherries, blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, grapes, plums, cherries, blueberries, gooseberries (these would have been dried, as none would have been in season).gooseberries (these would have been dried, as none would have been in season).  VEGETABLES:VEGETABLES:  small quantity of peas, squashes (including pumpkins), beans small quantity of peas, squashes (including pumpkins), beans  NUTS:NUTS:  walnuts, chestnuts, acorns, hickory nuts, ground nuts walnuts, chestnuts, acorns, hickory nuts, ground nuts  HERBS and SEASONINGS:HERBS and SEASONINGS: onions, leeks, strawberry leaves, currants, sorrel,onions, leeks, strawberry leaves, currants, sorrel, yarrow, carvel, brooklime, liverwort, watercress, and flax; from England theyyarrow, carvel, brooklime, liverwort, watercress, and flax; from England they brought seeds and probably planted radishes, lettuce, carrots, onions, and cabbage.brought seeds and probably planted radishes, lettuce, carrots, onions, and cabbage.  Olive oil in small quantities may have been brought over, though the Pilgrims had Olive oil in small quantities may have been brought over, though the Pilgrims had to sell most of their oil and butter before sailing, in order to stay on budget.to sell most of their oil and butter before sailing, in order to stay on budget.  OTHER:OTHER:  maple syrup, honey; small quantities of butter, Holland cheese; and eggs. maple syrup, honey; small quantities of butter, Holland cheese; and eggs.
  8. 8. B.B. The Puritans found MassachusettsThe Puritans found Massachusetts  Puritans found it increasingly hardPuritans found it increasingly hard to liveto live in England.in England.  AnAn economic depressioneconomic depression had caused manyhad caused many Puritans to lose jobs and money.Puritans to lose jobs and money.  John WinthropJohn Winthrop and severaland several other Puritans owned stock inother Puritans owned stock in thethe Massachusetts Bay CompanyMassachusetts Bay Company,, and had a charter to begin aand had a charter to begin a new colony in America.new colony in America.
  9. 9.  16291629 – To help the Puritans in England,– To help the Puritans in England, Winthrop transformed MassachusettsWinthrop transformed Massachusetts into a refuge for Puritans in America.into a refuge for Puritans in America.  A huge number of settlers beganA huge number of settlers began arriving in America.arriving in America.  By 1643, there wereBy 1643, there were 20,000 people20,000 people inin New England.New England.
  10. 10.  In the colony of Massachusetts, thereIn the colony of Massachusetts, there waswas little separationlittle separation between thebetween the church and the statechurch and the state..  There were also strict laws andThere were also strict laws and moralmoral codescodes..  Other religions wereOther religions were notnot tolerated.tolerated.
  11. 11. C. Rhode IslandC. Rhode Island  1. Roger Williams1. Roger Williams  Left Massachusetts because heLeft Massachusetts because he disagreed with some beliefs of thedisagreed with some beliefs of the Puritan Church.Puritan Church.  He traveled southHe traveled south and founded theand founded the town oftown of ProvidenceProvidence..
  12. 12. 2.2. Anne HutchisonAnne Hutchison  PuritanPuritan womanwoman whowho challenged some Puritanchallenged some Puritan ministers.ministers.  She gained many followersShe gained many followers and wasand was banishedbanished fromfrom Massachusetts.Massachusetts.  She and others who had been thrown outShe and others who had been thrown out began new settlementsbegan new settlements..
  13. 13.  16441644 – these new settlements (including– these new settlements (including Providence), combined and formed the colonyProvidence), combined and formed the colony of Rhode Island.of Rhode Island.  Here, church and state would be separate.Here, church and state would be separate.  Other religionsOther religions would bewould be toleratedtolerated.. How important will thisHow important will this be in the Unitedbe in the United States future?States future?
  14. 14. D.D. ConnecticutConnecticut  1636 – founded by Puritan Minister,1636 – founded by Puritan Minister, ThomasThomas HookerHooker..  He and his congregationHe and his congregation mainly wantedmainly wanted more landmore land..  They also hadThey also had disagreements withdisagreements with the Puritan governmentthe Puritan government in Massachusetts.in Massachusetts.
  15. 15.  16371637 – adopted the– adopted the Fundamental Orders of ConnecticutFundamental Orders of Connecticut –– first written constitution infirst written constitution in America !!!!!!!!!America !!!!!!!!!
  16. 16. E.E. New HampshireNew Hampshire  Also created by those who had leftAlso created by those who had left Massachusetts.Massachusetts.  Land north of Massachusetts had beenLand north of Massachusetts had been granted togranted to John MasonJohn Mason..  He called this landHe called this land New HampshireNew Hampshire andand it eventually becameit eventually became its own colony.its own colony.
  17. 17. ReviewReview 1. Which colony separated church and1. Which colony separated church and state and tolerated other religions?state and tolerated other religions? 2. What was the Fundamental Orders of2. What was the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?Connecticut?
  18. 18. Tuesday, September 27, 2011Tuesday, September 27, 2011 Agree Disagree 1. PocahontasAgree Disagree 1. Pocahontas ____ ________ ____ helped thehelped the pilgrims learn how to fish and hunt.pilgrims learn how to fish and hunt. ____ ____ 2. Fundamental____ ____ 2. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was theOrders of Connecticut was the first written constitution in Americafirst written constitution in America

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