Chapter Four: The American Revolution
Section One: The Colonies Fight for their Rights
A. The French and Indian War
a. The _______________ (British) vs. an alliance of French and
Native American groups.
b. The English and French and been ____________________ for
c. These _________________ sometimes carried over into the
d. Both the French and the English became interested in the
________________ River Valley area.
e. Both sides began building __________________ in the area
to protect their claims from each other.
f. In 1754, the French ____________________ and English
fort. Fighting broke out when the English attempted to
recapture their fort.
g. The __________________ Plan
1. Many thought the colonies needed to
________________ and work together to help defeat
2. A meeting was organized in Albany, NY in 1754. Seven
Colonies sent _______________________________
(The Albany Conference)
3. Benjamin _____________________ proposed the
Albany Plan of Union.
4. This suggested the colonies unite and form a
_________________ (national) government.
5. This plan was not ____________________, but it was
the first step toward colonial unity.
h. After years of fighting, The English put all their
____________________ and resources into fighting the war
i. The English won the war and it ended n 1763 with the
_________________ of Paris 1763.
j. England now owned all of the territory _______________ of
the Mississippi River.
B. The Colonies Grow Discontented
a. England was in huge ________________ after the war.
b. They thought the ____________________ should help pay for
I. Proclamation of 1763
1. This law stated there would be no more
_____________________ west of the Appalachian
Mountains. Did not want anymore Native American
2. This upset many colonists who wanted to move or
_______________ land in these areas.
II. New Tax Policies
1. England began stricter enforcement of the
2. Severely ________________________ smugglers.
3. Seized and searched goods without
III. The Sugar Act
1. Placed a tax on __________________, silks and other
2. Many colonists thought that because they had no
______________________ in Parliament (England’s law
making body) they should not be taxed by them.
3. “No ____________________________ without
C. The Stamp Act Crisis
a. __________________ Act passed in 1765.
b. Required a stamp to be placed on all
_______________________ printed papers. (newspapers,
wills, deeds, etc.)
c. This was a _______________________ tax on the colonists.
d. Parliament then passed the ___________________________
e. This act required the colonists to provide and pay for
_____________________ of English troops.
f. Many colonists were angry with these laws and began to
write letters and make speeches
1. The Sons of Liberty
a. A group of colonists who organized
__________________ and held various
demonstrations against the Stamp Act.
b. When the Stamp act took affect the colonists
______________________ (refused to buy)
c. This hurt the English economy and the act was
__________________ (taken back) in 1766
D. The Townshend Acts
a. Series of new tax ______________________ put in place in 1767.
b. Put tax on glass, paper, ________________- and tea.
c. The colonists continued to organize resistance and claimed
______________________ did not have the right to tax them.
1. Daughters of Liberty was a group of women who helped the
_________________ by spinning their own cloth and
making their own tea.
E. The Boston Massacre
CHUNK #1 Pg. 123. The Boston Massacre Answer the following questions from the
passage you have read.
a. Britain began sending over more __________________ to keep
b. In March, 1770 a group of colonists began taunting English soldiers
outside the ________________________ House.
c. Shots were fired and ___________________ colonists were
d. News circulated about English ___________________________
and that the English would kill those who stood up for their rights.
e. England _____________________ the Townshend Acts, except
for the tax on tea.