Ch. 4 sec 1 Students notes


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Ch. 4 sec 1 Students notes

  1. 1. Chapter Four: The American Revolution Section One: The Colonies Fight for their Rights A. The French and Indian War a. The _______________ (British) vs. an alliance of French and Native American groups. b. The English and French and been ____________________ for many years. c. These _________________ sometimes carried over into the American colonies d. Both the French and the English became interested in the ________________ River Valley area. e. Both sides began building __________________ in the area to protect their claims from each other. f. In 1754, the French ____________________ and English fort. Fighting broke out when the English attempted to recapture their fort. g. The __________________ Plan 1. Many thought the colonies needed to ________________ and work together to help defeat the French. 2. A meeting was organized in Albany, NY in 1754. Seven Colonies sent _______________________________ (The Albany Conference) 3. Benjamin _____________________ proposed the Albany Plan of Union. 4. This suggested the colonies unite and form a _________________ (national) government. 5. This plan was not ____________________, but it was the first step toward colonial unity. h. After years of fighting, The English put all their ____________________ and resources into fighting the war in America. i. The English won the war and it ended n 1763 with the _________________ of Paris 1763. j. England now owned all of the territory _______________ of the Mississippi River. B. The Colonies Grow Discontented a. England was in huge ________________ after the war. b. They thought the ____________________ should help pay for the war.
  2. 2. I. Proclamation of 1763 1. This law stated there would be no more _____________________ west of the Appalachian Mountains. Did not want anymore Native American attacks. 2. This upset many colonists who wanted to move or _______________ land in these areas. II. New Tax Policies 1. England began stricter enforcement of the ______________________ Acts. 2. Severely ________________________ smugglers. 3. Seized and searched goods without ______________________. III. The Sugar Act 1. Placed a tax on __________________, silks and other items. 2. Many colonists thought that because they had no ______________________ in Parliament (England’s law making body) they should not be taxed by them. 3. “No ____________________________ without Representation” C. The Stamp Act Crisis a. __________________ Act passed in 1765. b. Required a stamp to be placed on all _______________________ printed papers. (newspapers, wills, deeds, etc.) c. This was a _______________________ tax on the colonists. d. Parliament then passed the ___________________________ Act. e. This act required the colonists to provide and pay for _____________________ of English troops. f. Many colonists were angry with these laws and began to write letters and make speeches ______________________ them. 1. The Sons of Liberty a. A group of colonists who organized __________________ and held various demonstrations against the Stamp Act. b. When the Stamp act took affect the colonists ______________________ (refused to buy) English goods. c. This hurt the English economy and the act was __________________ (taken back) in 1766
  3. 3. D. The Townshend Acts a. Series of new tax ______________________ put in place in 1767. b. Put tax on glass, paper, ________________- and tea. c. The colonists continued to organize resistance and claimed ______________________ did not have the right to tax them. 1. Daughters of Liberty was a group of women who helped the _________________ by spinning their own cloth and making their own tea. E. The Boston Massacre CHUNK #1 Pg. 123. The Boston Massacre Answer the following questions from the passage you have read. Setting – Characters – Plot - Outcome - a. Britain began sending over more __________________ to keep order. b. In March, 1770 a group of colonists began taunting English soldiers outside the ________________________ House. c. Shots were fired and ___________________ colonists were killed. d. News circulated about English ___________________________ and that the English would kill those who stood up for their rights. e. England _____________________ the Townshend Acts, except for the tax on tea.