Chapter Four: The American Revolution
Section Three: The War for Independence
A. The Opposing Sides
CHUNK #4 - Turn to pages 138-138. Read The Opposing Sides. List the advantages and
disadvantages of both the Colonial and the English.
Advantages _ Colonial ______Disadvantages
Advantages ___ English _____ Disadvantages
a. Colonial Disadvantages
i. Poorly ________________.
ii. Not enough _____________- (many deserted).
iii. Not enough _____________- to pay for supplies, soldiers, etc.
b. Colonial Advantages
i. Tactics: __________________ warfare used by the militias
was very successful against the English.
ii. Colonists were fighting on their own _______________
(home field advantage).
c. English Advantages
i. Better _________________ and equipped.
ii. Hired German _________________ (soldiers for hire) called
Hessians to help them fight.
d. English Disadvantages
i. The war was not __________________ in England.
B. The Northern Campaign
a. The Battle of Trenton
i. Washington turned around in the middle of his __________________
and crossed back over the Delaware River.
ii. Led a _______________ attack on the Hessians (German mercenaries
hired to fight for the British) and killed about 1000.
b. Valley Forge
i. Considered to be a _________ point for Washington's army.
ii. Washington’s army spent the winter of 1777 at Valley Forge,
PA where about 2500 died of ________________ and cold.
c. The Battle of Saratoga
i. _________________ point in the American Revolution.
ii. The colonists knew they would need ________________ help to
defeat the English.
iii. The French had been sending ___________ and supplies,
but would not send troops unless they knew the colonies could win.
iv. This was the victory the colonists needed to get ________________
v. The French soon _____________________ American independence.
C. The War is Won
a. The Battle of Yorktown
i. English General __________________marched to Virginia .
ii. He was met by American forces and was __________________.
iii. He retreated to ________________, VA.
v. Washington attacked Cornwallis and the French ______________
kept the English from sending reinforcements.
vi. Cornwallis _______________ on October 19, 1783 and the war was
b. Treaty of Paris 1783
i. England recognized American ________________________.
ii. Gave the new UNITED STATES all the ____________________ to
the Mississippi River.