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The Dirty Details: Understanding the New Law & Guidance for Managing School Fields


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The Dirty Details: Understanding the New Law & Guidance for Managing School Fields

  1. 1. The Dirty Details: Understanding the New Law & Guidance for Managing School Fields Jennifer Grant, NYS IPM Program at Cornell University An SFMI webinar, April 13, 2011
  2. 2. Thank You Sponsor!
  3. 4. Pesticide Ban <ul><li>“ Child Safe Playing Fields Act” </li></ul><ul><li>Goes into effect May 18, 2011 for schools </li></ul><ul><li>Already in effect for day care centers </li></ul><ul><li>Targets “playgrounds, turf, athletic or playing fields” </li></ul>
  4. 5. Pesticide Ban <ul><li>Ornamentals not mentioned, but SED considers them included in the spirit of the law </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, it is unclear whether fence lines and building edges are included—but SED wants to minimize children’s exposure to pesticides </li></ul>
  5. 6. Pesticide Ban <ul><li>DEC, in consultation with SED & OCFS, has provided guidance on alternatives </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 7. Pesticide Ban <ul><li>“ No school shall apply pesticide to any playgrounds, turf, athletic or playing fields, except that an emergency application of a pesticide may be made as determined by the county health department or for a county not having a health department such authority as the county legislature shall designate, the commissioner of health or his or her designee, the commissioner of environmental conservation or his or her designee, or, in the case of a public school, the school board.” </li></ul>
  7. 8. Exceptions <ul><li>Antimicrobials </li></ul><ul><li>Aerosol products to protect from stinging & biting insects </li></ul><ul><li>Non-volatile insect or rodent baits </li></ul><ul><li>EPA “exempt” products, OMRI approved </li></ul><ul><li>Boric acid & disodium octaborate tetrahydrate </li></ul><ul><li>Horticultural soaps & oils </li></ul>
  8. 9. Emergency Applications <ul><li>For public schools, the school board may grant permission to make emergency applications </li></ul><ul><li>For private schools and day care centers, the DOH or DEC may grant permission </li></ul>
  9. 10. Emergency Applications <ul><li>No guidance in the law on what an “emergency” is </li></ul><ul><li>The Guidance document says these are NOT emergencies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If manageable with allowed products and practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If routine or repetitive pest problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If purely for aesthetic reasons </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Potential “Emergencies” <ul><li>Poison Ivy </li></ul><ul><li>Grub infestation in athletic fields </li></ul><ul><li>Crane Flies in athletic fields </li></ul><ul><li>Invasive species anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Weeds in athletic fields?? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Prepare <ul><li>Examine past pest history & pesticide use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What pests &/or damage have you observed in the past? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What has been used previously? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are your alternatives now? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anticipate potential emergencies </li></ul>
  12. 13. Communicate with School Board <ul><li>In advance </li></ul><ul><li>Potential pests and management plans </li></ul><ul><li>Potential and expected emergencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are acceptable criteria (history, threshold)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What actions might be allowed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What will request and approval process be? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Questions about the law?
  14. 15. Growing Grass without Pesticides <ul><li>It’s all about culture (grass selection, seeding, mowing, watering) </li></ul><ul><li>Turf density, bare spots, weeds, are the main problems </li></ul><ul><li>Turf diseases rare </li></ul><ul><li>Turf Insects: Grubs primary issue </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute allowable products are rare </li></ul>
  15. 16. Growing Grass without Pesticides <ul><li>Right Grass/Right Place </li></ul><ul><li>Seed! </li></ul><ul><li>Mow Right </li></ul><ul><li>Feed Smart w/ N Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Seed! </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
  16. 17. Cultural Weed Management <ul><li>Do not allow bare spots </li></ul><ul><li>Grow dense turf </li></ul><ul><li>Raise mowing height </li></ul><ul><li>Relieve compaction </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Overseed! </li></ul>
  17. 18. Broadleaf Weed Management <ul><li>Herbicides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may want to clean up any heavily infested areas between now and May 17 th with a three way broadleaf herbicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at FORECAST for timing of dandelion control, </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Crabgrass Management <ul><li>Herbicides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You may want to treat areas with a heavy crabgrass history with a preemergent herbicide before May 17 th </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Alternative Products and Practices for Weed Management
  20. 21. <ul><li>Selective: useable in turf areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn gluten meal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Selective (Round-up alternatives) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Propane flame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot water treatments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acetic acid products (less than 8% only) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eugenol, clove oil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicidal soap </li></ul></ul></ul>Weed Management * All are exempt from pre-notification & pesticide ban *
  21. 22. Alternative Chemicals <ul><li>Corn gluten </li></ul>W O W TM
  22. 23. Alternative Chemicals <ul><li>Corn gluten </li></ul>* Works NO Better than Nitrogen alone. * An expensive way to apply N!
  23. 24. Non-selectives
  24. 25. Weed Flamer
  25. 26. Propane flaming <ul><li>Get minimum of 10,000 BTU </li></ul><ul><li>10 gal tank backpack or 20 gal on a cart </li></ul><ul><li>Great for parking lots, fencelines and driveways </li></ul> The Weed Dragon, approx. $300
  26. 28. Hot Water Treatment • Aquacide (from Smithco)
  27. 29. Hot Water Treatment w/ foam Waipuna
  28. 33. Steam *by Rittenhouse Green Steam Weed Killer
  29. 34. 4 hours 15 days
  30. 35. Hot water, steam, flame <ul><li>Burns off vegetation, mainly on surface, but can affect roots. Fast action. </li></ul><ul><li>Works best on annuals, seedlings or surface rooted plants </li></ul><ul><li>Works better on broadleafs </li></ul><ul><li>Regrowth likely, especially on older plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical control, good for 3-5 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Use with caution (burn potential) </li></ul>
  31. 36. Alternative non-selective herbicides <ul><li>Elizabeth Lamb, Brian Eshenaur, Debra Marvin, Jennifer Grant </li></ul>
  32. 37. <ul><li>Alternative products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acetic acid (8% or less) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eugenol, clove oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbicidal soap </li></ul></ul>Weed Management * All are exempt from pre-notification & pesticide ban *
  33. 38. Immediate effect Hand weeded on left Clove oil on right
  34. 39. Cell membrane disrupters <ul><li>Quick foliar burn </li></ul><ul><li>Best on young weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Better on broadleaves </li></ul><ul><li>Require good coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Require repeated applications to perennials </li></ul><ul><li>Typical control, good for 3-5 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Some have a noticeable odor, though not necessarily unpleasant </li></ul>
  35. 40. Product Examples <ul><li>Herbicidal Soap </li></ul><ul><li>Burnout (Acetic acid, clove oil & more) </li></ul><ul><li>C-cide (citric & ascorbic acid) </li></ul>
  36. 41. Tough Weeds <ul><li>Several products are not effective against: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bindweed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutsedge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dandelion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Anne’s Lace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clover also somewhat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>persistent </li></ul></ul>
  37. 42. Usage Considerations <ul><li>Products are more expensive than Roundup or hand weeding, but take less labor than hand weeding or weed trimming </li></ul><ul><li>For tougher perennials, it may be smart to consider an initial hand weed or standard chemical pesticide, with alternative product for maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Follow personal protective equipment instructions, some products are very caustic! </li></ul><ul><li>Best if used in combination with good cultural practices such as gravel along bldg. edge and under fence lines and growing healthy desirable plants </li></ul><ul><li>Must be certified to apply pesticides </li></ul>
  38. 44. Sampling time is mid-late August Curative Treatment Time (Trichlorfon or Nematodes) -Late August - October -Earlier is better Preventive Treatment Time (Imidacloprid or chlorantraniliprole) -June or July -June if other insect problems, if grubs only, July
  39. 45. Entomopathogenic Nematodes <ul><li>Biological, non-chemical </li></ul><ul><li>No EPA registration required </li></ul><ul><li>Apply like a pesticide </li></ul><ul><li>Quick kill </li></ul><ul><li>Persistence & recycling potential </li></ul>
  40. 47. <ul><li>1 billion nematodes per acre (23,000,000/1,000 ft 2 )(250,000/m 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>H. bacteriophora for grubs and black vine weevils </li></ul><ul><li>S. carpocapsae for caterpillars </li></ul>Nematode Recommendations
  41. 48. NYS IPM Program Thank you!
  42. 49. Tall Fescue The future of natural sports turf in NY
  43. 50. Tall Fescue <ul><li>Drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid establishment </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Roots </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerates more grubs </li></ul><ul><li>Surface feeding insect resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Wear tolerant </li></ul>
  44. 51. Heavy Overseeding <ul><li>>4 lbs./1,000 ft 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial Ryegrass </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly during playing season </li></ul>
  45. 55. Economics of Frequent Overseeding <ul><li>Assume seed rate 2 lbs per 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Assume cost $1.25/ lb. </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly cost $2.50/1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Assume 16,000 sq ft = $40/week </li></ul><ul><li>Assume 26 weeks = $1040 </li></ul>
  46. 56. Where is the traffic?
  47. 57. <ul><li>Traffic Issues begin and end with Use Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Move/rotate field markings when possible </li></ul><ul><li>Increase number of fields </li></ul><ul><li>Keep players off A fields during wet conditions </li></ul>
  48. 58. Thank You Sponsor!
  49. 59. <ul><li>Our goal: Help green industry professionals run their business more efficiently and productively by providing everything they need. </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe and Fittings </li></ul><ul><li>Pavers </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Seed </li></ul><ul><li>Sod </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Soil Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Sales </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Ponds and Fountains </li></ul><ul><li>Business Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>And much more </li></ul>
  50. 60. John Deere Landscapes NY locations BR Reg Branch Manager Br Phone Br Fax Mailing Address City ST Zip 149 2 Potter Mark 845-226-8250 845-226-5143 1374 Route 82 Hopewell Junction NY 12533 162 2 Zubkow Michael 631-369-7703 631-369-7348 188 Kroemer Avenue Riverhead NY 11901 266 11 Trzeciak Kenneth 518-371-4012 518-371-4210 1653 Route 9, Suite 2 Clifton Park NY 12065 429 2 Paparelli Ronald 631-582-8547 631-582-8578 100 Patco Ct Ste 7 CENTRAL ISLIP NY 11749 444 11 Rumsey Jason 585-427-2070 585-427-2075 51 Goodway Dr Rochester NY 14623-3055 455 2 Artusa Michael 516-822-2870 516-932-8040 110 New South Road Hicksville NY 11801 479 2 Cherry Douglas 845-627-0607 845-623-5348 210 W Nyack Rd West Nyack NY 10994 485 2 Acevedo Edward 914-736-9056 914-736-0104 2 John Walsh Blvd Peekskill NY 10566-5332 490 2 Ritacco Robert 914-948-1619 914-948-1540 75 Virginia Road North White Plains NY 10603 497 11 Brewer Randy 716-568-1440 716-568-1438 385 Crosspoint Pkwy Getzville NY 14068-1612 505 11 Sagendotf Eric M. 518-456-2334 518-456-3748 12 Walker Way Albany NY 12205-4946 559 2 Sikora Michael 631-727-3134 631-369-2494 1129 Cross River Dr Riverhead NY 11901 574 11 Abel William 315-437-3423 315-437-3669 6030 Drott Dr East Syracuse NY 13057-2943 582 11 Rhodes Jeffrey 716-662-1818 716-662-2819 4140 S Taylor Rd Orchard Park NY 14127-2246 600 2 Branca Rocco 914-834-2987 914-834-3573 5 5th Ave Larchmont NY 10538-1915 738 11 Harrington John 607-763-1745 607-763-1747 101 Lester Ave Johnson City NY 13790-2261 752 2 Hegarty Kevin 631-287-1029 631-287-4092 15 Mariners Dr Southampton NY 11968 799 11 Piasecki Rodney 585-247-8160 585-247-8179 700 Mile Crossing Blvd Ste 1 Rochester NY 14624-6290
  51. 61. Save the Date! <ul><li>October 2-5, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>School Facilities Conference & Expo </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Change </li></ul><ul><li>Saratoga Springs, NY </li></ul><ul><li>December 6-7, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>School Facility Managers’ Academy Series </li></ul><ul><li>New York State School Boards Association, Latham, NY </li></ul>