SAGB2013 Viktoria Varga Lencses (DG MARE, EU Commission)

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SAGB2013 Viktoria Varga Lencses (DG MARE, EU Commission)

  1. 1. Aquaculture in the Common Fisheries Policy Reform Viktoria Varga Lencses DG for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Brussels, 22/5/2013
  2. 2. Aquaculture in the EU • 1.3 million tons production: 50% shellfish, 28% marine finfish, 22% freshwater • Worth 3.1 billion € • 80.000 direct jobs • Many different species and production systems
  3. 3. Fish stocks: reduce overfishing • 75% of EU fish stocks are overfished. • The CFP reform aims at ensuring that our fish stocks are replenished and fished sustainably. • However, even at Maximum Sustainable Yields (MSY), capture fisheries alone will not meet our growing seafood demand
  4. 4. Filling the gap EU Captures 25% EU Aquaculture 10% Net imports 65% EU seafood consumption
  5. 5. Blue growth: job creation in coastal and inland areas • With current labour productivity, every 1% of our seafood consumption produced by EU aquaculture will help creating 3-4.000 full-time jobs • Mostly in coastal and rural areas, important local impact
  6. 6. Aquaculture in the "CFP reform package" • new "Basic Regulation" • new "Market Regulation" • Financial instrument: EMFF • Aquaculture and EU Research: "Horizon 2020" • Aquaculture Advisory Council
  7. 7. Aquaculture in the new basic regulation: the Open Method of Coordination • "Soft" approach – no change in EU legislation • Union strategic guidelines: common priorities and targets • Multiannual national strategic plans • Exchange of information and best practices
  8. 8. 1. Reduce administrative burdens 2. Facilitate access to water and space 3. Improve competitiveness 4. Exploit competitive advantages – "level playing field" Union Strategic Guidelines COM(2013)229
  9. 9. • Time to get a licence for a new… • Agricultural farm: 4-6 months • Offshore wind farm: 18 months • Aquaculture farm in Norway: 6 months • Aquaculture farm in the EU: often 2-3 years, sometimes even 7 years • Entrepreneurship 2020 action plan: this should not take more than one month • Costs? Uncertainties? 1. Reduce administrative burdens
  10. 10. • "Lack of space" or "No access to space"? • Use of spatial planning to identify best location and make aquaculture development: • More sustainable • More socially acceptable • Less uncertain (and more interesting for investors) 2. Facilitate access to space and water
  11. 11. 3. Increase competitiveness • Promote R&D, innovation, business differentiation • Exploit business opportunities (e.g. integration with angling and tourism, offshore wind farms) • Valorise environmental services (e.g. extensive ponds and habitat conservation) • Stronger producers organisations
  12. 12. 4. Exploit competitive advantages – "Level playing field" • EU aquaculture offers high standards of: • Environmental protection • Health • Consumer protection • Inform consumers (food labels, information campaigns) • Exploit niche markets (certification schemes, organic aquaculture)
  13. 13. Multiannual national plans • Based on Strategic Guidelines and specific conditions in the Member States • Define Member States' objectives and the measures to achieve them • Should be submitted by end of 2013 • Cover the period 2014-2020 • Consistent with EMFF planning
  14. 14. Advisory Council for Aquaculture • A consultation body • To bring together all relevant stakeholders • To provide legitimate, reliable and useful recommendations to policy-makers
  15. 15. Thank you for your attention!

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