Contents• Zero Waste Plan & Waste (Scotland) Regulations• Renewables policy in Scotland• Handling by-products from food and drink sector & ResourceEfficient Scotland• Feedstocks in, digestate out and PAS110 accreditation• SEPA / Planning approval process• Support for industrial AD in Scotland• Innovation
Zero Waste Plan – key elements• Issued – 9th June 2010• Sets out key actions & targets to tackle the 20M t/ywaste produced by Scotland:– 70% recycling by 2025– Carbon metric– Mandatory separate collections– Landfill bans– EFW input controls– Managing Scotland’s resources forScotland’s economic &environmental benefit
Zero Waste Plan – re-thinkingwaste• Resource efficiency underpins strategy:– Reducing waste arisings– Ensuring waste produced is recycled into qualityproducts– Using recycled products to reduce the carbon-impact of the supply chain e.g. using recycledproducts (compost/digestate) to grow food• Closing the loop….
Waste (Scotland) RegulationsKey points as follows:• All businesses and organisations to present key recyclablematerial for collection from 1 January 2014• Food waste businesses producing over 50kg of food waste perweek to present it for separate collection from 1 January 2014• Food waste businesses producing over 5kg of food waste perweek to present it for separate collection from 1 January 2016• A ban on the use of macerators to discharge food waste into thepublic sewer from 1 January 2016• A ban on municipal biodegradable waste going to landfill by 1January 2021
• Climate Change Act – emissions reductions target of 42%by 2020 & decarbonisation of electricity supply by 2030, anddecarbonised heat by 2050– 2020 Routemap for Renewable Energy inScotlandRenewables policy in Scotland
2020 Routemap for Renewable Energy inScotland• Updates the Renewables Action Plan 2009• New, more challenging targets• 100% of electricity demand from renewables• 11% of heat demand from renewables• 10% transport• Alongside 12% energy reduction target
Handling by-products from foodand drink sector• Food Waste materialso Household - 566,000 tonneso Hospitality Sector - 67,728 tonneso Public Sector – 14,000 tonneso Industrial food Waste – 1,590,000 tonnes• Currently 470,000 tonnes of the above is still sent to landfill• Most is suitable for AD
Resource Efficient Scotland:Food & Drink“To support business, the public and third sector toimplement actions that reduce their materialconsumption and waste production, and increasesenergy and water efficiency to benefit theireconomic performance”
Resource Efficient Scotland: Food &Drink• Food & Drink is a priority sector for Resource Efficient Scotland• Food & Drink’s importance to the Scottish economy and theresources it uses• This includes:- Agriculture- Food & Drink Manufacturers/Processors- Grocery Retailers- Wholesalers- Pubs & Clubs
Resource Efficient Scotland (RES):Food & Drink• Type of support:- Focus on implementation (saving money and reducing energy, materialand/or water use)- Advice & Support Service, potential for 1-1 support- Case studies, tools and best practice guidance- For innovative projects or tackling issues that affect an entire sub-sector then bespoke projects can be developed• Includes industry voluntary agreements such as Courtauld Commitment 3,Hospitality and Food Service Voluntary Agreement or Federation HouseCommitment.
Industrial AD Input materials• Food Waste materialso Industrial food Waste – 1,590,000 tonnes• Most of this material will be suitable for AD including most food /drink processing effluents• Potentially reducing waste water / SEPA charges
Output - Digestate as a product• Very liquid, typically only around 3 - 14% fibre content• Valuable resource• Cheaper than synthetic fertilisers• Replacement or partial replacement for mineral fertilisers• Contain useful quantities of P, K, Mg, S and trace elements.• Liquor is an excellent source of readily available N• Can offer carbon savings and long-term soil benefits whencompared with synthetic fertilisers• What goes in comes out!• Excellent opportunity to ‘close the loop’ with suppliers
Current marketsMarkets are still in their infancy, but work is being carried out byZWS to help develop good, stable, long term markets for thisproduct, currently they are• Agriculture – the biggest market and the most likely market• Landscape and regeneration• HorticultureIt is most likely that markets will require / demand PAS110 qualitydigestate
• Source-segregated biodegradable inputs• De-packaging allowed• HACCP, Quality Management System• Pasteurisation / sanitization steps• End product testing• Product quality driven by inputs• Must comply with SEPA requirements• Guaranteed market• No additional processing neededThe product route: PAS110
The waste route• No need for PAS110• Not a product so classed as a ‘waste’• Exemption needed from SEPA• Unlikely to be allowed under farm certification schemes• Land for waste disposal needs to be secured
SEPA• PPC licence for AD plants >100 tonnes per day• WML for AD plants <100 tonnes/day• WML + exemption for AD plants taking distillery wastes, agriculturalwastes or a mix of both <100 tonnes/day• PPC for any AD plant with >10 tonnes/day of animal waste (likely toinclude catering wastes, not manures and slurries)• All on site AD plants or ‘Hub’ plants
Planning• Most sites – ‘general industrial use’ Planning shouldn’t be a problem• ‘Hub’ sites may be different
Support for Industrial AD in Scotland Up to £10,000 for feasibility study into industrial on site AD(must be match funded and not exceeding 50%).To be eligible to apply for funding your applicant must:• be a food and / or drinks producer / hospital based in Scotland;• the site must be located in Scotland;• have the feasibility study completed by 31st March 2015;• demonstrate that on-site AD would improve resource efficiencye.g. through reducing waste disposal and costs, providing onsite renewable energy;• provide information (non-commercially sensitive) on thedevelopment and performance of the project for potential usein case studies.
Innovation• Driving Innovation in AD• ZWS Innovation funds• Keen to develop Scottish inter industry & Academiccollaboration for the development & benefit of AD