The European and American artistic world that came about between 1890 and 1920
Professor Jeffery B. Cooks IR376: History of Modern Europe By: Rozelyn N. Parker 03 August 2008
<ul><li>The movement initially took place at the end of the 19 th century and moved dynamically into the 20 th century. Angered by the industrial revolution, the intellect artist, musicians, philosophers, and architects rebelled against historical traditions and embraced the new economic, social, and political aspects of the emerging world. </li></ul>
Why did the artist rebell against industuralism? <ul><li>The change to society due to the industrialism and new technology sparked the anger of modernist. The modernist were focus on individualism and against racism, slavery and imperialism. Angry about tradition teachings artist found freedom to express their thoughts through their art work. </li></ul>
Richard Morris Hunt (1827–95) <ul><li>Richard Morris Hunt was the an American who studied in Paris, after his return to New York, he became the most prominent architect in the city. Early in his career, Hunt designed a series of avant-garde buildings, introducing French architectural ideas to America. </li></ul>
The pedestal of Statue of Liberty Carnegie Hall Metropolitan Museum of Art Metropolitan Museum of Art Biltmore Estates U.S. Naval Observatory
Pablo Picasso (1881 – 1974) These portraits are Picasso’s early paintings starting from 1895 to 1909. A Spanish child prodigy well gifted in the arts was well known for his art throughout in his life time. Picasso’s late paintings are known as “neo expressionism” , which was discredited before his death, but later recognized as art before his time.
The Scream is, as Edvard Munch said himself, "a bitterly earnest scene — and a child of sleepless nights, which have taken their toll in blood and nerves". From around 1889 onwards, Edvard became increasingly depressive, suffering from occasional fits of terror. Yet, by the age of seventeen, he had discovered another language with which to express his feelings of desperation: painting. It promised relief, consolation and hope. Edvard Munch Death in the Sick-Room 1893/94 Painted after the deaths of his mother and sister.
Arts and Crafts: A movement that sought to restore the medieval tradition of handicraft in reaction to the spread of mass production, originating in late 19th century Great Britain. Designs were based on simple forms and natural materials, as much for purposes of social reform. In America, the movement became less an idealization of the skilled craftsperson than a democratic interest in embedding the honest, simplicity in everyday high-quality design. American
By far the most significant event in the history of amateur photography was the introduction of the Kodak #1 camera in 1888. Invented and marketed by George Eastman (1854–1932)
“ Art is not so much a matter of methods and processes as it is an affair of temperament; of taste and of sentiment. . . . In the hands of the artist, the photograph becomes a work of art. . . . In a word, photography is what the photographer makes it—an art or a trade.” William Howe Downes, 1900
<ul><li>The Frenchman Louis Lumiere is often credited as inventing the first motion picture camera in 1895, but there were other inventors that made similar intentions during this time. In 1891, the Edison company successfully demonstrated the Kinetoscope, which enabled one person at a time to view moving pictures. Later in 1896, Edison demonstrated his improved Vitascope projector. It was the first successful, commercial projector in the U.S.. </li></ul>The Beginning of Motion Picture
<ul><li>In late 19th century, after WWI, America entered a new genre. Ragtime music emerged and gained huge popularity. The rhythm of the piano was mainly the instrument heard for all Ragtime music. The huge influence of Ragtime music would evolve into what we hear today as jazz. Ragtime music remained popular through 1920’s. </li></ul>Scott Joplin is know as the “King of Ragtime” and one of the best known ragtime composers. Joplin learned how to play the piano on the pianos, where his mother cleaned houses. Joplin later took lessons, and played in the Maple Leaf Club where he started to gain fame. Scott Joplin 1867-1917
The fast pace of technology, entertainment, and art moved swiftly throughout the end of the 19 th century and beginning of the 20 th century. The art revolution created a new era of idealist; photography, and motion pictures gave people visions of what awaited on the other side of the world. Like the internet as done for us. The world is forever changing and as well as modernism. Rozelyn Parker
<ul><li>Brainard, Jennifer. "The Industrial Revolution Gallery" An English Mill Town . Oak Harbor: http://www.historywiz.com/galleries/milltown.htm . 2003. (accessed 29 July 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Lavender, Catherine. “The American Experience--Social Sciences”, Modernism. http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/moddef.htmlNew York. 1998. (accessed 29 July 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.all-art.org/history658_photography7.html (accessed 30 July 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>New York Architecture Images . http://www.nyc-architecture.com/ARCH/ARCH-RichardMorrisHunt.htm (accessed 30 July 2008) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Porter, Russell . “US Naval Observatory”. Department of Interior National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/butowsky5/astro4g.htm . 2001 (accessed July 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois State Museum. “1890 to 1920 Industrial Art”. http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/athome/1890/voices/living/index.html.1996 (accessed July 30, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>The Library of Congress Research Center. “ Motion Picture and Television ”. http://www.loc.gov/rr/mopic/ndlmps.html . April 8, 2008. (accessed 30 July 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.artst.org/picasso </li></ul><ul><li>http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bledisonvitascope.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson, Phillip Scott. “Picasso”. You Tube. http:// www.youtube.com . March 31,2007. (accessed 2 August 2008) </li></ul>