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The Renaissance


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The Renaissance

  1. 1. Renaissance Age Period of Rebirth and Achievement
  2. 2. When you hear the names Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and Donatello you should not just think of … They are the names of important people from the period called the Renaissance.
  3. 3. I. What does Renaissance mean? REBIRTH
  4. 4. II. Why does the Renaissance begin in Italy? Renaissance in Italy Rome was the center Roman History. Trade revived quickly Wealthy merchants became patrons to artists. Italy recovered quickly from the plague
  5. 5. Lorenzo Medici <ul><li>Influential patron from wealthy business family </li></ul><ul><li>supported many artists like Michelangelo </li></ul>Florence, Italy Patron - financial supporter Michelangelo lived in his palace and met other artists
  6. 6. Humanism - emphasis on individual uniqueness and worth. Perspective was used by Renaissance artists to create dimension and depth. <ul><li>1 point Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>2 Point Perspective </li></ul>IV. Important Terms
  7. 7. Leonardo Da Vinci Artist, inventor, botanist
  8. 8. <ul><li>Renaissance man </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced many other artists. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissected corpses to learn about the body (to paint realistically). </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>He designed early versions of: </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter, Tank, Parachute, Hang Glider, Pedometer, Submarine and many other inventions. </li></ul>Helicopter Tank
  10. 10. Mona Lisa
  11. 11. The Last Supper
  12. 12. Michelangelo <ul><li> Painter, sculptor, architect, poet </li></ul><ul><li>Started sculpting at age 14. </li></ul><ul><li>Studied anatomy, dissected corpses </li></ul>
  13. 13. FOR MORE INFO... Works: The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel Fresco- painting on fresh plaster
  14. 14. “ The Creation of Adam” The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo
  15. 15. The Last Judgment
  16. 16. Ever seen these angels? Michelangelo painted them on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
  17. 17. Pieta Moses By Michelangelo
  18. 18. St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome The dome was designed by Michelangelo. Outside Inside Ideas were based on Roman and Greek architectural elements.
  19. 19. D. Donatello -Sculptor (Not only a Ninja Turtle) David Made of bronze Michelangelo’s version
  20. 20. FOR MORE INFO... <ul><li>Raphael - painter </li></ul><ul><li>Blended Christian and classical styles </li></ul><ul><li>“ The School of Athens” </li></ul>
  21. 21. “ The Chess Game” “ Self Portrait” <ul><li>Sofonisba Anguissola- painter </li></ul><ul><li>Bold, realistic portraits </li></ul><ul><li>Court painter for Philip II of Spain </li></ul>
  22. 22. VI. Writers <ul><li>Niccolo Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><li>Observed kings at court </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote The Prince- a “How To” book to get and keep </li></ul><ul><li>power as a ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Baldassare Castiglione </li></ul><ul><li>Played music, studied lit. and history </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote The Book of the Courtier - about how to act as a noble </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Renaissance moves north 100 years after it began in Italy. <ul><li>Northern Europe recovered from the Plague more slowly. </li></ul>Northern Renaissance
  24. 24. <ul><li>called the “German Leonardo.” </li></ul><ul><li>Studied in Italy and spread ideas North </li></ul><ul><li>engravings </li></ul><ul><li>Prints </li></ul><ul><li>paintings </li></ul>Albrecht Durer - Artist
  25. 25. Hubert and Jan van Eyck- Flemish painters <ul><li>The Virgin of Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>developed oil paints and painted realistic scenes. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Jan Van Eyck: Arnolfini Wedding Portrait
  27. 27. The Peasant Wedding Peasant Dance <ul><li>Pieter Bruegel - artist </li></ul><ul><li>influenced Flemish painters </li></ul><ul><li>Used vibrant colors to paint peasant life. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Peter Paul Rubens mixed realistic style with the classical themes.
  29. 29. <ul><li>Erasmus - Dutch writer </li></ul><ul><li>Humanist </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted the Bible translated into the vernacular (every day language) and Church Reforms </li></ul>Wrote new edition of Bible in Greek and Latin
  30. 30. Sir Thomas More- writer <ul><li>Wrote Utopia </li></ul><ul><li>(book to describe ideal society) </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted social and economic reforms </li></ul><ul><li>No Private Property </li></ul><ul><li>Education For All </li></ul><ul><li>Justice is used to end crime </li></ul>
  31. 31. William Shakespeare : Playwright <ul><li>Created 1700 new words </li></ul><ul><li>wrote 37 players in 23 years </li></ul><ul><li>Bedroom </li></ul><ul><li>Lonely </li></ul><ul><li>Generous </li></ul><ul><li>Gloomy </li></ul><ul><li>Heartsick </li></ul><ul><li>Hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Sneak </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>MacBeth </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul>
  32. 32. Miguel de Cervantes- Spanish writer <ul><li>Don Quixote </li></ul><ul><li>(the book Man of La Mancha is based on) </li></ul>Wrote the first modern novel
  33. 33. Johannes Guttenberg- German inventor <ul><li>Improved moveable type </li></ul><ul><li>“ invented” the printing press </li></ul><ul><li>The Guttenberg Bible </li></ul>
  34. 34. How did the printing press impact Europe? <ul><li>Literacy increased </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and ideas spread </li></ul><ul><li>Books were cheaper and easier to make </li></ul><ul><li>Schools were built to teach children how to read and write </li></ul>