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LITERARY GENRES

GRADE 7 ENGLISH

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Literary Genres
What is a Literary Genre?
A “genre” is
a particular
style or
type of
writing.
Most Common Genres:
Fiction Nonfiction
Fables, Folktales, Fairytales Biography
Fantasy, Mystery Autobiography
Myth, Legend Reference
Historical Fiction Essay, Newspaper Article
Realistic Fiction Speeches, Diaries, Letters
Science Fiction Informational
Fiction
• Writing that tells about imaginary
people and events
• Stories that are “made up”
Fantasy
• In this type of story,
the author has created
a magical world where
anything is possible.
• Fantasy may include
magical beings, talking
animals or other
impossibilities
Historical Fiction
• Stories with fictional characters
and events in a historical
setting.
• The story takes the reader back
to a particular time period
where they learn about the
everyday life of a person. The
character may interact with
actual historical characters,
but usually, the main character
is not based on a real person.

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LITERARY GENRES

  • 2. What is a Literary Genre? A “genre” is a particular style or type of writing.
  • 3. Most Common Genres: Fiction Nonfiction Fables, Folktales, Fairytales Biography Fantasy, Mystery Autobiography Myth, Legend Reference Historical Fiction Essay, Newspaper Article Realistic Fiction Speeches, Diaries, Letters Science Fiction Informational
  • 4. Fiction • Writing that tells about imaginary people and events • Stories that are “made up”
  • 5. Fantasy • In this type of story, the author has created a magical world where anything is possible. • Fantasy may include magical beings, talking animals or other impossibilities
  • 6. Historical Fiction • Stories with fictional characters and events in a historical setting. • The story takes the reader back to a particular time period where they learn about the everyday life of a person. The character may interact with actual historical characters, but usually, the main character is not based on a real person.
  • 7. Science Fiction • Stories based on real or imagined inventions, space travel or life in other worlds, usually set in the future. It often explores the unknown.
  • 8. Horror & Mystery • Horror is fiction in which events evoke a feeling of fright in both the characters and the reader. • Mystery is fiction dealing with the solution of a crime or the unraveling of secrets.
  • 9. Realistic Fiction • Stories that could actually “happen” in real life. • The setting is realistic • The characters speak and act like real people • The story describes real-life problems and events
  • 10. •A short story, usually with animal characters, that teaches a lesson about what is important in life. Fable
  • 11. Folk Tale • Story told generation to generation, usually by word of mouth. • Sometimes different versions in different cultures • Original storyteller is unknown • Can involve animals, wishes, magic, trickery and often the number 3
  • 12. Myths • Myths are early people’s way to explain the universe. • Many gods and goddesses are present in myths • The gods, goddesses, and heroes are super human in nature. • Human emotions are experienced by the gods. • Magic is often present in myths. • Gods sometimes appear in disguised form
  • 13. Legend • A story, handed down from the past that people tell as a “true story” but sometimes the details are difficult to confirm. • The person telling the story usually does not claim to be an eyewitness to the events, but “heard” it from someone who knows someone who heard it from someone who was “really” there... • Legends often contain a moral or a lesson and are told to uphold the values of the community. • They often involve supernatural or religious elements
  • 14. Tall Tale • Extraordinary person - the main character is better at things than an ordinary person • Exaggeration – makes something greater or bigger than it really could be • Explanation – explains how something came to be Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
  • 15. Fairy Tales • Often begins with “Once upon a time” or “Long, long ago…” Includes a good character and a bad (evil) character Includes magic or something enchanted Involves a problem that is solved and the good people live happily ever after Setting is often a forest or a castle
  • 16. Non-Fiction ~ Accounts of real people, places and events ~ Fact, NOT fiction… (that’s why it’s called NON-Fiction.
  • 17. Biography • A biography is a true story about a person’s life or parts of his/her life • Written in 3rd person point of view (he or she)
  • 18. Autobiography • Autobiographies are books that people write about their own life. • Written in 1st person point of view (I, me, my)
  • 20. Essay • A short piece of writing about a particular subject. Usually shows the author’s point of view
  • 22. Textbook • A short piece of writing about a particular subject. Usually shows the author’s point of view
  • 23. Diary • A book in which one keeps a daily record of events and experiences
  • 24. Anecdote • a short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person