Fiction genres

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This introduction to fiction genres helps young readers to understand the characteristics of historical fiction, realistic fiction, fantasy, science fiction, mystery and folktales. Through pictures, examples, and review, students will learn how to identify and use genres.

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  • Often, there will not be one detail that definitively points to historical fiction. Show students that they need to put the various details together to figure out the genre
  • If students have reading logs or journals, encourage them to look through them to find examples of historical fiction.
  • This is a great place to take a break from the Powerpoint and call on students to help you dramatize a pourquoi story.
  • Fiction genres

    1. 1. Fiction Genres What kind of story are you reading?
    2. 2. Essential Questions • How can I identify fiction genres? • And why should I care?
    3. 3. What is a genre? • A genre is a kind of text • Different genres have different kinds of settings, conflicts, and characters
    4. 4. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    5. 5. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    6. 6. Historical Fiction Historical fiction stories take place in the past They might include real people, events, and places, but also include parts that are made up by the author
    7. 7. Historical Fiction Which one is the beginning of a historical fiction story about school? Marcy rode the school John walked to school. bus to school. She was He needed to arrive early excited about her day. so that he could start the Today there would be an fire in the stove. Without assembly about reptiles! the stove, the schoolroom would be She couldn’t wait to see very cold! some real, live snakes.
    8. 8. Historical Fiction Which one is the beginning of a historical fiction story about school? John walked to school. He needed to arrive early so that he could start the fire in the stove. Without the stove, the schoolroom would be very cold!
    9. 9. Historical Fiction What details show that this is historical fiction? John walked to school. He needed to arrive early so that he could start the fire in the stove. Without the stove, the schoolroom would be very cold!
    10. 10. Historical Fiction What details show that this is historical fiction? John walked to school. He needed to arrive early so that he could start the fire in the stove. Without the stove, the schoolroom would be very cold!
    11. 11. Historical Fiction Which should you think about and notice as you read historical fiction? A. How people use really cool machines B. How children everywhere are all the same C. How the conflict often comes from historical events or settings
    12. 12. Historical Fiction Which should you think about and notice as you read historical fiction? A. How people use really cool machines B. How children everywhere are all the same C. How the conflict often comes from historical events or settings
    13. 13. Why should I care? • Readers can often learn a great deal about history from reading historical fiction • As you read, notice the names of the important people, places, and events
    14. 14. Learning from historical fiction Think about a historical fiction book that you have read. What was it about? What did you learn?
    15. 15. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    16. 16. Realistic Fiction • Realistic fiction stories take place in the PRESENT • They include characters and situations that could really happen • But realistic fiction stories are still made up by the author
    17. 17. Realistic Fiction • Realistic fiction stories usually look at topics like friendship, growing up, and being in a family
    18. 18. Realistic Fiction Can you find the example of realistic fiction? Cousins can be so Hmm..this gadget annoying! Robert had real stood outside on the possibilities. As I kitchen porch. His looked at the Time cousin had tramped Travel 2000 Zapper, into his bedroom and I imagined all of the stolen his new video great places I could game console. What a visit. I couldn’t wait! pain!
    19. 19. Realistic Fiction Can you find the example of realistic fiction? Cousins can be so annoying! Robert stood outside on the kitchen porch. His cousin had tramped into his bedroom and stolen his new video game console. What a pain!
    20. 20. Realistic Fiction Can you find the example of realistic fiction? Cousins can be so annoying! Robert This takes place in the stood outside on the present. It includes events kitchen porch. His that could happen in real cousin had tramped life, so it is realistic into his bedroom and fiction. stolen his new video game console. What a pain!
    21. 21. Why should I care? • Realistic fiction stories often involve characters like you • Reading about how other kids solve their problems can help you to think about your own life and how you can solve problems
    22. 22. Comparing genres • How are historical fiction and realistic fiction different from one another? • Which one do you prefer? Why?
    23. 23. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    24. 24. Fantasy Fantasy stories include magic, mythical creatures, and things that just can’t happen in everyday life
    25. 25. Fantasy Fantasy stories can happen in the real world, or in imaginary fantasy worlds
    26. 26. Fantasy Even though fantasy stories include magic, there are still rules…it’s important to pay attention to the way that magic works in each story
    27. 27. Which story is the fantasy? The castle rose above the “Where is my hill. James trudged up the apprentice?” roared the road, eager to find out what wizard. lay ahead. Soon, soon he A slim, small boy would learn all that there was appeared at the door. to being a knight. He would “Yes, Master List?” he start as a page, and then asked. become a squire, and then he “I need your help!” would become a knight. exclaimed the wizard. But all of that was years in “The kingdom is being threatened by a dragon. I the future. First, he had to can stop it, but I need to make it up that hill! finish this potion.” The boy sighed. It would be a long, long day.
    28. 28. Fantasy “Where is my apprentice?” roared the wizard. A slim, small boy What details make this appeared at the door. a fantasy? “Yes, Master List?” he asked. “I need your help!” exclaimed the wizard. “The kingdom is being threatened by a dragon. I can stop it, but I need to finish this potion.” The boy sighed. It would be a long, long day.
    29. 29. Fantasy “Where is my apprentice?” roared the wizard. A slim, small boy What details make this appeared at the door. a fantasy? “Yes, Master List?” he asked. “I need your help!” exclaimed the wizard. “The kingdom is being threatened by a dragon. I can stop it, but I need to finish this potion.” The boy sighed. It would be a long, long day.
    30. 30. Fantasy Be careful! Fantasy stories can sometimes start out sounding like realistic fiction. Look for the little details that point to fantasy.
    31. 31. Reading for Fantasy Details Can you find the details that point to a fantasy? Rachel walked up to her school. She had her homework and her lunch. She was ready for the day. But then she stared at the entrance to the school. Overnight, the regular metal doors had transformed into a huge drawbridge. A scaly green dragon coiled around the swing set.
    32. 32. Reading for Fantasy Details Can you find the details that point to a fantasy? Rachel walked up to her school. She had her homework and her lunch. She was ready for the day. But then she stared at the entrance to the school. Overnight, the regular metal doors had transformed into a huge drawbridge. A scaly green dragon coiled around the swing set.
    33. 33. Animal Fantasy Stories which include talking animals are a kind of fantasy called animal fantasy
    34. 34. Why should I care? • Fantasy stories often show how even magic can’t solve every problem • Reading fantasy stories expands your imagination and helps you to imagine other worlds and other possibilities
    35. 35. What have you learned? • How is fantasy different from realistic fiction? • What fantasy stories have you read?
    36. 36. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    37. 37. Science Fiction • Like fantasy, science fiction includes details and events that can’t happen in the real world • Instead of magic, though, science fiction focuses more on special technology
    38. 38. Science Fiction In science fiction, look for:  Time travel  Unbelievable gadgets  Aliens  Space travel that doesn’t yet exist
    39. 39. Science Fiction • Science fiction stories often explore how technology affects people and changes our lives • Some stories show that amazing technology still doesn’t make people happy • Others show that some kinds of technology can cause problems in the world
    40. 40. Science Fiction Science fiction stories can happen in the past, present, or future
    41. 41. What details show that this is science fiction? Topher pressed the button. Zoom! Zip! Suddenly he was traveling up, up toward the sky. Wow! This was not boring. Topher looked down toward his backyard. It was getting smaller and smaller and smaller. He looked up at the sky. The clouds were getting closer and closer. Whoosh! He flew through a cloud. It felt wet and slimy. But then things started getting darker. He was leaving Earth’s atmosphere. Now he was in space! Topher saw a gray green spaceship ahead. A black door opened and he drifted through. Wow! This was much, much better than playing with a flat soccer ball.
    42. 42. What details show that this is science fiction? Topher pressed the button. Zoom! Zip! Suddenly he was traveling up, up toward the sky. Wow! This was not boring. Topher looked down toward his backyard. It was getting smaller and smaller and smaller. He looked up at the sky. The clouds were getting closer and closer. Whoosh! He flew through a cloud. It felt wet and slimy. But then things started getting darker. He was leaving Earth’s atmosphere. Now he was in space! Topher saw a gray green spaceship ahead. A black door opened and he drifted through. Wow! This was much, much better than playing with a flat soccer ball.
    43. 43. What details show that this is science fiction? Topher pressed the button. Zoom! Zip! Suddenly he was traveling up, up toward the sky. Wow! This was not boring. Topher looked down toward his backyard. It was getting smaller and smaller and smaller. He looked up at the sky. The clouds were getting closer and closer. Whoosh! He flew through a cloud. It felt wet and slimy. But then things started getting darker. He was leaving Earth’s atmosphere. Now he was in space! Topher saw a gray green spaceship ahead. A black door opened and he drifted through. Wow! This was much, much better than playing with a flat soccer ball.
    44. 44. Why should I care? • Many people think that new technology is always good—the newer and faster the better! • Science fiction helps us to think about some of the effects of new technology that may not be as great for ourselves and our world
    45. 45. Test yourself ! Which genre includes real events that happened in the past, along with details made up by the author? A. Realistic fiction B. Historical fiction C. Science fiction D. Fantasy
    46. 46. Test yourself ! Which genre includes real events that happened in the past, along with details made up by the author? A. Realistic fiction B. Historical fiction C. Science fiction D. Fantasy
    47. 47. Test yourself ! You are reading a story about fifth graders who create a school newspaper. You are probably reading… A.Realistic fiction B.Historical fiction C.Science fiction D.Fantasy
    48. 48. Test yourself ! You are reading a story about fifth graders who create a school newspaper. You are probably reading… A.Realistic fiction B.Historical fiction C.Science fiction D.Fantasy
    49. 49. Test yourself ! You pick up a book from the library. It has a castle and a unicorn on the cover. This book is probably… A.Realistic fiction B.Historical fiction C.Science fiction D.Fantasy
    50. 50. Test yourself ! You pick up a book from the library. It has a castle and a unicorn on the cover. This book is probably… A.Realistic fiction B.Historical fiction C.Science fiction D.Fantasy
    51. 51. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    52. 52. Mystery • In a mystery, the main character is trying to solve a mystery • The main character finds clues and follows leads
    53. 53. Mystery • Whether or not a story is a mystery is not determined by the setting • A mystery can happen in the past, present, or future
    54. 54. Mystery What makes a story a mystery is how the action unfolds…if the main character is trying to solve a puzzle or figure something out, the story is probably a mystery
    55. 55. Mystery If you are reading a novel, you might not discover the mystery until you are a few pages or even chapters into the book Be careful! Some stories do have elements of mystery, or short little mysteries in the course of a bigger story. But is the mystery the main conflict?
    56. 56. Which story is the mystery? Jake peeked out Melissa stood on her from behind the grandmother’s porch. porch. For the past No other kids lived three days, around here for miles. something had She was stuck here for stolen the pies his three whole months. grandmother put Whatever would she out on the porch to do? How could she cool. Today, he’d find spend her time, with no out who the culprit one to play with? was.
    57. 57. Which story is the mystery? Jake peeked out from behind the porch. For the past This is the mystery. Notice three days, that there is a problem that something had the main character is trying stolen the pies his to solve. grandmother put out on the porch to cool. Today, he’d find out who the culprit was.
    58. 58. Why should I care? • Mystery stories are a great way to develop careful reading skills • Often, important clues are buried in dialogue or long paragraphs • By reading mysteries, you’ll learn how to notice these clues and figure out the solution!
    59. 59. Reading mysteries • Have you ever read a mystery story or series? • What was the mystery? How did the main character try to solve it?
    60. 60. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    61. 61. Folktales • Folktales are stories that have been told and retold over many years • Folktales exist in every culture around the world
    62. 62. Folktales Folktales include myths, tall tales, and fairy tales
    63. 63. Folktales • Some folktales tell why something exists or how something came to be • These stories are called pourquoi tales
    64. 64. Folktales • Have you ever read a pourquoi tale? What was it about?
    65. 65. Folktales • Some folktales include tricksters • These characters play tricks or outsmart other characters
    66. 66. Folktales • In Native American stories, Coyote is the trickster • In some African stories, the spider Anansi is the trickster
    67. 67. Why should I care? Folktales are a great way to learn about different cultures from around the world
    68. 68. Folktales • Do you enjoy reading folktales? Why or why not?
    69. 69. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    70. 70. Genre Hybrids • A genre hybrid (or cross-genre) is a text that includes elements of different genres • Just like a hybrid car uses both gasoline and electricity, hybrid genres can have characteristics of two or more genres
    71. 71. Genre Hybrids As you think about the genre of a text, remember that there are many stories that don’t fit perfectly into any one genre
    72. 72. Genre Hybrids For example, a story that combines science fiction elements with magic could be called “science fantasy” Have you ever read any hybrid books? What genres did they combine?
    73. 73. What have you learned? On the next few slides, you’ll see descriptions of popular books. Can you figure out the genres of the books?
    74. 74. What’s the genre? In this book, Lucy discovers that a wardrobe chest is a door that leads to another world—a world filled with magical creatures like fauns, witches, and talking animals The genre is… The book is…
    75. 75. What’s the genre? In this book, Lucy discovers that a wardrobe chest is a door that leads to another world—a world filled with magical creatures like fauns, witches, and talking animals The genre is…Fantasy The book is…
    76. 76. What’s the genre? In this book, Lucy discovers that a wardrobe chest is a door that leads to another world—a world filled with magical creatures like fauns, witches, and talking animals The genre is…Fantasy The book is… The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis
    77. 77. What’s the genre? In this book, Nick Allen creates a new word for pen—the word “frindle”. The new word catches on with kids at school, much to the dismay of their Language Arts teacher, Mrs. Granger The genre is… The book is…
    78. 78. What’s the genre? In this book, Nick Allen creates a new word for pen—the word “frindle”. The new word catches on with kids at school, much to the dismay of their Language Arts teacher, Mrs. Granger The genre is…realistic fiction The book is…
    79. 79. What’s the genre? In this book, Nick Allen creates a new word for pen—the word “frindle”. The new word catches on with kids at school, much to the dismay of their Language Arts teacher, Mrs. Granger The genre is…realistic fiction The book is… Frindle by Andrew Clements
    80. 80. What’s the genre? In this story, Anansi the Spider discovers a rock that causes one to fall down and sleep. He uses this rock to trick the other animals and steals all of their food. The genre is… The book is…
    81. 81. What’s the genre? In this story, Anansi the Spider discovers a rock that causes one to fall down and sleep. He uses this rock to trick the other animals and steals all of their food. The genre is…folktale The book is…
    82. 82. What’s the genre? In this story, Anansi the Spider discovers a rock that causes one to fall down and sleep. He uses this rock to trick the other animals and steals all of their food. The genre is…folktale The book is… Anansi and the Moss-Covered Rock by Eric Kimmel
    83. 83. What’s the genre? In this book, Tony tries to find out why a robin on his neighbor’s porch has died. He collects clues that point to the culprit. The genre is… The book is…
    84. 84. What’s the genre? In this book, Tony tries to find out why a robin on his neighbor’s porch has died. He collects clues that point to the culprit. The genre is…Mystery The book is…
    85. 85. What’s the genre? In this book, Tony tries to find out why a robin on his neighbor’s porch has died. He collects clues that point to the culprit. The genre is…Mystery The book is… Who Really Killed Cock Robin? An Ecological Mystery by Jean Craighead George
    86. 86. What’s the genre? In this book, Peter and Susan think that their new teacher is really an alien. They spy on him to try to find out the truth…and learn that he really is from another planet! The genre is… The book is…
    87. 87. What’s the genre? In this book, Peter and Susan think that their new teacher is really an alien. They spy on him to try to find out the truth…and learn that he really is from another planet! The genre is…Science fiction The book is…
    88. 88. What’s the genre? In this book, Peter and Susan think that their new teacher is really an alien. They spy on him to try to find out the truth…and learn that he really is from another planet! The genre is…Science fiction The book is… My Teacher Is An Alien by Bruce Coville
    89. 89. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction • Fantasy • Science fiction • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    90. 90. Fiction Genres • Historical fiction • Realistic fiction What have you • Fantasy learned about • Science fiction fiction genres? • Mystery • Folktales • Genre hybrids
    91. 91. By Emily Kissner

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