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PRAIA CABO VERDE
5-8 décembre 2023
Acute Food and Nutrition
Insecurity situation
in the Sahel and West Africa
39ème
RÉUNION
ANNUELLE
© Shutterstock/PhotopankPL
www.food-security.net
by BAOUA, Issoufou, CRA/CILSS
Contents
1.Analysis process
2.Overview on the data
3.Outcomes on the zones classification
4.Population estimation per phase
5.recommendations
1. Analysis process
The national EWS
and their partners
with the support of
technical committee
of CH (CILSS, WFP,
FAO, FEWS NET,
OXFAM, ACF, Save
the Children,
GSU/IPC, IFRC).
Analysis prohramme October
2023
November
2023
December
2023
Guinea Gulf countries 9 to 13,
Cameroon 16 to 21
Nigeria – State level 23 to 27
Nigeria –Quality review and
consolidation
30 2nd
Nigeria-brief meeting to decision
makers
3rd
Ghana 6 to 11
Sahel Countries 6 to II
Regional –Quality review and
consolidation
13 to 21
Cabo Verde 27 To 1
Update of Regional – Quality review
and consolidation including Cabo
Verde
2 to 3
1. Analysis process
The quality review of the countries
analysis were technically revised and
consolidated by the CH Regional
Technical Committee in Conakry,
Total 901 analyst
conduct the
process, 899 in
the 16 countries
Quality assessment
Pays / Etat Score
GUINÉE 54
CÔTE D'IVOIRE 78
SENEGAL 85
BÉNIN 60
TOGO 59
GUINÉE-BISSAU 58
TCHAD 83
NIGER 83
CAMEROUN 78
MAURITANIE 77
GHANA 65
SIERRA LEONE 67
BURKINA FASO 84
Nigeria 79
Cabo Verde 65
Faible <50
Moyen 51 - 75
Fort > 75
3. Identification of area at
Food and Nutrition insecurity
for the Current & Projected
situation
1168 zones  552 zones in
Nigeria
Current and projected maps
Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
4. Proportion of population per phase of acute FNI
Minimal
Under-presure
Crisis
Emergency
Catastrophe
June – August 2024
85,6
M
111,1
M
44,5
M
31,7
M
C
October – December 2023
419,2
Millions
419.2
Millions
4. Number of population per phase of acute FNI
Phase 2 : under
presure
Phase 3 to 5 : Crisis
to Catastrophe
Nigeria situation
4. Number of population per phase of acute FNI
Countries whith
<1 Million
June-August
2024
Countries whith
>1 Million
October-December
2023
Trend of Population under pressure and Crisis to worst CH Phase
classification, 2014 to 2024
Trend of Population under Crisis to worst CH Phase
classification, 2018 to 2023
>50% of people
are in 26 States
and FCT of
Nigeria
Focus on Lake Chad Bassin and Liptako Gourma
Zone
Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
Liptako Gourma Zone,
Burkina Faso-Mali-
Niger
Lake Chad Basin
Niger-Nigeria-Chad
Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity
drivers
Food
availability
Accessibility
to Food
Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity
drivers
Limited trade, access to land in some inaccessible areas,
drop of the production
Several insecurity, kidnaping remain the main drivers of food
and nutrition insecurity in Liptako Gourma Authority zone
(Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger); lLake Chad and(North-west and
Center-Nord of Nigeria,),
Drought, flood conditions have affected crops and pastoral
season in the Sahel countries and some Golf of Guinea
Countries
● High food prices, do to the inflation;
● High fuel prices with incidence in the cost of transport of
staples food
Recommendations
The Governments and partners
1. Develop and implement emergency response planes (ERP) on time to provide immediate
food and nutritional assistance to populations experiencing food and nutritional insecurity
(phases 3 to 5) in order to save human lives and prevent the risk of malnutrition among
children from poorer households in the countries concerned, particularly those affected
by civil insecurity and/or the economic crisis (Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, Mali,
etc.);
2. Facilitate access for humanitarians in the inaccessible and limited access areas in order
to facilitate the emergency interventions
3. Continue and strengthen actions to prevent and manage malnutrition in the areas
through updated response plans;
4. Support the activities that generate income or restore household livelihoods, particularly
in Urban area, and for the IDPs (Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Nigeria)
5. Maintain the permanent information monitoring system .
Recommendations
To CILSS, ECOWAS, UEMOA, Technical and funded partners
1. Financially support to strengthen the implementation of ERP
2. Strengthen the capacities of national early warning systems in the
collection, processing and dissemination of information on food and
nutritional security.
3. Support/Assist countries to set up inclusive the remote monitoring
system to inform the decision maker on the risk of food and nutrition
deterioration on time
4. Support EWS in the establishment and operation of a specific data
collection mechanism in inaccessible or limited access areas.
www.food-security.net

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résultat de l'analyse du du cadre harmonisé

  • 1. PRAIA CABO VERDE 5-8 décembre 2023 Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa 39ème RÉUNION ANNUELLE © Shutterstock/PhotopankPL www.food-security.net by BAOUA, Issoufou, CRA/CILSS
  • 2. Contents 1.Analysis process 2.Overview on the data 3.Outcomes on the zones classification 4.Population estimation per phase 5.recommendations
  • 3. 1. Analysis process The national EWS and their partners with the support of technical committee of CH (CILSS, WFP, FAO, FEWS NET, OXFAM, ACF, Save the Children, GSU/IPC, IFRC). Analysis prohramme October 2023 November 2023 December 2023 Guinea Gulf countries 9 to 13, Cameroon 16 to 21 Nigeria – State level 23 to 27 Nigeria –Quality review and consolidation 30 2nd Nigeria-brief meeting to decision makers 3rd Ghana 6 to 11 Sahel Countries 6 to II Regional –Quality review and consolidation 13 to 21 Cabo Verde 27 To 1 Update of Regional – Quality review and consolidation including Cabo Verde 2 to 3
  • 4. 1. Analysis process The quality review of the countries analysis were technically revised and consolidated by the CH Regional Technical Committee in Conakry, Total 901 analyst conduct the process, 899 in the 16 countries
  • 5. Quality assessment Pays / Etat Score GUINÉE 54 CÔTE D'IVOIRE 78 SENEGAL 85 BÉNIN 60 TOGO 59 GUINÉE-BISSAU 58 TCHAD 83 NIGER 83 CAMEROUN 78 MAURITANIE 77 GHANA 65 SIERRA LEONE 67 BURKINA FASO 84 Nigeria 79 Cabo Verde 65 Faible <50 Moyen 51 - 75 Fort > 75
  • 6. 3. Identification of area at Food and Nutrition insecurity for the Current & Projected situation 1168 zones  552 zones in Nigeria
  • 7. Current and projected maps Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
  • 8. 4. Proportion of population per phase of acute FNI Minimal Under-presure Crisis Emergency Catastrophe June – August 2024 85,6 M 111,1 M 44,5 M 31,7 M C October – December 2023 419,2 Millions 419.2 Millions
  • 9. 4. Number of population per phase of acute FNI Phase 2 : under presure Phase 3 to 5 : Crisis to Catastrophe Nigeria situation
  • 10. 4. Number of population per phase of acute FNI Countries whith <1 Million June-August 2024 Countries whith >1 Million October-December 2023
  • 11. Trend of Population under pressure and Crisis to worst CH Phase classification, 2014 to 2024
  • 12. Trend of Population under Crisis to worst CH Phase classification, 2018 to 2023 >50% of people are in 26 States and FCT of Nigeria
  • 13. Focus on Lake Chad Bassin and Liptako Gourma Zone Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Liptako Gourma Zone, Burkina Faso-Mali- Niger Lake Chad Basin Niger-Nigeria-Chad
  • 14. Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity drivers Food availability Accessibility to Food
  • 15. Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity drivers Limited trade, access to land in some inaccessible areas, drop of the production Several insecurity, kidnaping remain the main drivers of food and nutrition insecurity in Liptako Gourma Authority zone (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger); lLake Chad and(North-west and Center-Nord of Nigeria,), Drought, flood conditions have affected crops and pastoral season in the Sahel countries and some Golf of Guinea Countries ● High food prices, do to the inflation; ● High fuel prices with incidence in the cost of transport of staples food
  • 16. Recommendations The Governments and partners 1. Develop and implement emergency response planes (ERP) on time to provide immediate food and nutritional assistance to populations experiencing food and nutritional insecurity (phases 3 to 5) in order to save human lives and prevent the risk of malnutrition among children from poorer households in the countries concerned, particularly those affected by civil insecurity and/or the economic crisis (Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, Mali, etc.); 2. Facilitate access for humanitarians in the inaccessible and limited access areas in order to facilitate the emergency interventions 3. Continue and strengthen actions to prevent and manage malnutrition in the areas through updated response plans; 4. Support the activities that generate income or restore household livelihoods, particularly in Urban area, and for the IDPs (Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Nigeria) 5. Maintain the permanent information monitoring system .
  • 17. Recommendations To CILSS, ECOWAS, UEMOA, Technical and funded partners 1. Financially support to strengthen the implementation of ERP 2. Strengthen the capacities of national early warning systems in the collection, processing and dissemination of information on food and nutritional security. 3. Support/Assist countries to set up inclusive the remote monitoring system to inform the decision maker on the risk of food and nutrition deterioration on time 4. Support EWS in the establishment and operation of a specific data collection mechanism in inaccessible or limited access areas.