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Analyse de la situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle, résultats Cadre harmonisé

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Analyse de la situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle- CH-FNI-.pptx

  1. 1. Paris, 6th April 2022 RESTRICTED MEETING Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa by BAOUA, Issoufou, CRA/CILSS
  2. 2. Plan1. Process 2. Overview on existing data 3. Outcomes on the zones classification 4. Population estimation per phase 5. Acute FNI drivers 6. recommendations 7. Difficulties
  3. 3. Current data availability Country Outcomes Contributing Factors Food consommation Mortality Hasards&V ulnérability Availab ility Access Utilisat ion Stabilit y Pays FCS HDDS HHS rCSI HEA Proxy Liveliho od change Nutritio n (P/T) Nutrition (MUAC) Analyse IPC AMN Burkina Faso Tchad Nigeria Mauritanie Niger Sénégal Bénin Cameroun Cabo Verde Cote d'Ivoire Ghana Guinée Sierra Léone Togo Guinée Bissau
  4. 4. 1062 Zones 16 countries Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Food and Nutrition insecurity, March-May 2022
  5. 5. Food and Nutrition insecurity, June-August 2022 1141 Zones 17 Countries Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad Areas most affected by the Food and Nutrition crisis :  Lake Chad Region: Nigeria-Niger- Chad-Cameroon  Three-border area: Burkina Faso- Mali-Niger  Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Cabo Verde
  6. 6. Liptako Gourma zone Lac Chad Bassin Lac Chad area and Liptako Gourma zone
  7. 7. Proportion of population per phase of acute FNI in the SWA and Cameroon 322,7 Millions 355,9 Millions Mars – mai 2022 June – August 2022 Minimal Under-presure Crisis Emergency Catastrophe
  8. 8. Estimation of population in stress and Crisis to worse Food and Nutrition Insecurity – June- August 2022, In Millions Estimation of population in stress and Crisis to worse Food and Nutrition Insecurity - March-May 2022, In Millions Non analysée Minimale Sous pression Crise Urgence Famine Lac Tchad
  9. 9. 19,1 M 28,9 M 40,7 M 10,7 M Juin 2019 Insecurity Banditries Juin 2020 Insecurity Banditries Covid-19 Inflation Juin 2021 Insecurity Banditries Massive population displacement Covid-19 Inflation High food prices Juin 2022 Insecurity Banditries Drought Massive population displacement Covid-19 Inflation High food prices Russia-Ukraine crisis Trend of Population under Crisis to worst CH Phase classification, 2019 to 2022 17 countries of WAS + Cameroon 304 M 299 M 322 M 355 M Total Population analyzed Total Population in Crisis + 3,1 % 6,4 % 9% 11,4 %
  10. 10. Negatives Impacts are medium to strong for Key drivers (hazards and vulnerability ) on Food consumption (A) and Livelihood (B) in almost countries Impacts of limiting factors (availability and food access) • Negatifs medium to strong on food consumption (C) and livelihood (D) in north of BF, MR, NE, NG, TD, • Positifs Impacts medium to strong in South in BF and golet dans les pays du Golfe de Guinée et Sud Nigeria
  11. 11. ● High prices of majors commodities in all countries of the region. Where the increasing is ranged between 20% to 100% compared to 5 years average. ● Household incomes are severely degraded and are disrupting food access in countries due to the decline in purchasing power combined with high inflation, as well as in areas affected by insecurity, particularly in the Liptako Gourma area and North-east and North-west of Nigeria. Acute FNI Drivers
  12. 12. THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS  Accelerate financial mobilization for the implementation of response plans for vulnerable populations severely affected by multifactorial food and nutrition crises, particularly in the Sahel and Lake Chad regions (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria);  Lift the border closure decisions imposed by the anti-covid-19 measures in order to facilitate the trade flows of food products between the States of the region;  Take vigorous policy measures to reduce barriers, road harassment and other forms of restriction on the free movement of goods and services within and between countries;  Implement adequate policy and financial measures to mitigate the effects of inflation and soaring prices on access to food for the most vulnerable households are recommended to
  13. 13. THE GOVERNMENTS AND PARTNERS • Take appropriate measures to implement resilience building and recovery programmes in areas affected by the poor agropastoral campaign to protect their livelihoods; • Strengthen security in conflict zones to facilitate the implementation of planned humanitarian assistance services and actions for the populations concerned . • Set up monitoring and anticipation systems in hard-to-reach areas and in the face of the possible consequences of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict on the worsening of food and nutrition insecurity are recommended to
  14. 14. • Continue the negotiations that should lead very quickly to the suspension of the embargo on Mali on specific areas related to trade in food products with the other countries of the Community area; • Continue advocating with governments for the immediate suspension of border closure measures and the reduction of road harassment related to the strengthening of security arrangements in some countries • Strengthen advocacy with governments for the gradual lifting of measures restricting or banning cross-border transhumance, in compliance with Community provisions on pastoral mobility; • Take steps to facilitate the supply of agricultural inputs including fertilizer to producers in order to strengthen agricultural production for the 2022/2023 season. are recommended to IGO CILSS ECOWAS - UEMOA AND PARTNERS
  15. 15. FNG in Cadre Harmonisé & Perspectives in the region Innovation in the CH 2.0  CH 2.1 2 new indicators from the “Fill the Nutrient Gap” (FNG) integrated within the Food Security dimension “Utilization & Access“ of the 2.1 new version of the CH Manual Identify major obstacles that hinder households and individuals for :  Affordability of a nutritious diet, directly related to "Accessibility“  Cost of a nutritious diet, to reinforce convergence on "Utilization” Perspectives in the region  Promote Fill the Nutrient Gap-analysis & Food systems lens within the CILSS  Boost research & analysis (universities, CILSS/OECD/Club)  Need to continue the capacity building in the CH process
  16. 16. Thank you
  17. 17. Fin

Editor's Notes

  • Promouvoir l’analyse des gaps nutritionnelles et les systèmes alimentaires dans le CILSS
    Stimuler la recherche et l’analyse en collaboration avec les universités, IRD, CILSS, OCDE/Club du Sahel)

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