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PRAIA CABO VERDE
5-8 December 2023
Responding differently to
food & nutrition insecurity:
experience of economic
inclusion in agri-food value
chains in Ethiopia
40th
ANNUAL MEETING
© Shutterstock/PhotopankPL
www.food-security.net
Sidy G. NIANG, SWAC/OECD
Presentation overview
1. Problems to solve?
2. How did we proceed?
3. Gaps to fill and opportunities
4. Inclusive packages and pathways
5. Impact
6. Key messages / lessons
Problems to solve
SNNP Region
Non conflict area
20,898 T (20% prod. Nat.)
Avocado production gap
vs target: 200,000 Tons
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Low oil content of
local varieties
Poor market
segmentation
High food insecurity
in the region
No new funding No studies
Problems to solve?
Extreme poor Household
• < 0.2 ha
• No livestock
• In majority, no cooperative member
• Limited skills and knowledge
• Very low productivity and production
• No financial access
• Daily labor and social transfer
False banana
Maize
Eucalyptus
Mango
Coffee
Banana
Economic inclusion
How did we proceed?
Identify critical
bottlenecks for
the agrifood
value chain
Identify barriers
/ opportunities
for inclusion,
rated and
prioritized
Design
Livelihood
packages and
pathways
Monitor, adjust,
influence and
scale up
Gaps to fill and opportunities
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Poor market
segmentation
Gap to fill: increase of production
Opportunity: land extension, good practices
(training), use of organic fertilizer (production and
marketing opportunity)
Potentiality for inclusion: Low
Avocado production gap vs target: 200,000 Tons
Gaps to fill and opportunities
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Low oil content of
local varieties
Poor market
segmentation
Gap to fill: demand of improved seedling
Opportunity: production of improved variety
seedling (Hass)
Potentiality for inclusion: medium to high
Gaps to fill and opportunities
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Low oil content of
local varieties
Poor market
segmentation
Gap to fill: Reduce post-harvest losses
Opportunity: improved harvesting practices (job), post-harvest
materials, primary transport
Potentiality for inclusion: high
Gaps to fill and opportunities
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Low oil content of
local varieties
Poor market
segmentation
Gap to fill: market segmentation and
improvement of quality, supply of industries
Opportunity: grading of avocado fruit and
improved supply of industries (job)
Potentiality for inclusion: medium to high
Inclusive packages and collaboration
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
30% capacity
(36% of production)
Loses
(20%)
Low oil content
of local varieties
Poor market
segmentation
Production gap
(200,000 T)
Seed
+
Nursery tools
+
Access to land
+
common
interest Group
Certified
nurserymen
Juice
extractor
+
Training
+
common
interest Group
Harvesting
equipment
+
Training in
harvesting and
quality control
+
common
interest Group
Tricycle for
primary
transport
+
Quality Control
Training
+
common
interest Group
Local processors
Certified Avocado
harvesters
Certified primary
transporters
Training on agro-industrial
processing
+
common interest Group
Certified
processing
labourers
Short cycle Income
Generating Activity
Match-making of existing interventions: social protection, Development programmes, Private sector
Local
processing
Inclusive packages and pathways
 Social protection
 Labor and employment
department
 Social protection
 Development programme
 Labor and employment
department
 Private sector / NGO
 Social protection
 Labor and employment
department
 Social protection
 Development programme
 Labor and employment
department
 Private sector / NGO
Impact
Input suppliers
(seedling) Avocado
growers
Collectors
Domestic market
Whole
seller
Avocado fruit
Oil Processor
International
market
Avocado oil
Losses reduction
(from 20% to10%):
+ 22,000 T
From 30% to
90% capacity
+
Production:
106,000 T
+250,000
seedlings
produced
+84,000 T /
year
+ 40,000
poor HH
+xxx days job
Impact: moving from last mile solution to policy
engagement
Invested budget
(20% bottom poor):
+ USD 1.6 million
+USD 40 million value chain growth
+USD 320 / HH / year (52% poverty line) = USD 13 million
+High drop of Food insecurity and malnutrition rate / graduate from
social protection programme
Upscaled pilot to reach 1 million households (5 millions
individuals) in 4 agri-food value chains in 3 regions
 Normative work, Policy dialogue, capacity building
(inclusion mainstreaming instruments), and
institutionnalisation
 Inclusive investment cases presented to Worldwide
investment forum
Lessons / Key messages
Investing in poor people can be
profitable to the entire agri-food
chain while improving food and
nutrition security and ensuring
long term well-being.
Agri-food policies need to
move from equality to equity
approach (inclusion) to
support Food and Nutrition
Security objectives
1 million people = 2 million hands
It's not just about charity, it's
really about investing!
Lessons / Key messages
1. Business intensification of the FSN response: identify opportunities,
livelihood packages sized for transformational change at the household level;
2. Private sector can invest in inclusive business models to improve FSN while
growing the value chain;
3. Matchmaking and programme flexibility help to optimise the resources and
clear gray areas;
4. Extreme poor HH need additional capacity development;
5. Aligning with the Government policy agenda leads to ownership and ease
policy engagement
www.food-security.net
Obrigado
Thank you
Merci

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Expérience d'inclusion économique dans les chaines de valeur agroalimentaires en Ethiopie

  • 1. PRAIA CABO VERDE 5-8 December 2023 Responding differently to food & nutrition insecurity: experience of economic inclusion in agri-food value chains in Ethiopia 40th ANNUAL MEETING © Shutterstock/PhotopankPL www.food-security.net Sidy G. NIANG, SWAC/OECD
  • 2. Presentation overview 1. Problems to solve? 2. How did we proceed? 3. Gaps to fill and opportunities 4. Inclusive packages and pathways 5. Impact 6. Key messages / lessons
  • 3. Problems to solve SNNP Region Non conflict area 20,898 T (20% prod. Nat.) Avocado production gap vs target: 200,000 Tons Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Low oil content of local varieties Poor market segmentation High food insecurity in the region No new funding No studies
  • 4. Problems to solve? Extreme poor Household • < 0.2 ha • No livestock • In majority, no cooperative member • Limited skills and knowledge • Very low productivity and production • No financial access • Daily labor and social transfer False banana Maize Eucalyptus Mango Coffee Banana Economic inclusion
  • 5. How did we proceed? Identify critical bottlenecks for the agrifood value chain Identify barriers / opportunities for inclusion, rated and prioritized Design Livelihood packages and pathways Monitor, adjust, influence and scale up
  • 6. Gaps to fill and opportunities Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Poor market segmentation Gap to fill: increase of production Opportunity: land extension, good practices (training), use of organic fertilizer (production and marketing opportunity) Potentiality for inclusion: Low Avocado production gap vs target: 200,000 Tons
  • 7. Gaps to fill and opportunities Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Low oil content of local varieties Poor market segmentation Gap to fill: demand of improved seedling Opportunity: production of improved variety seedling (Hass) Potentiality for inclusion: medium to high
  • 8. Gaps to fill and opportunities Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Low oil content of local varieties Poor market segmentation Gap to fill: Reduce post-harvest losses Opportunity: improved harvesting practices (job), post-harvest materials, primary transport Potentiality for inclusion: high
  • 9. Gaps to fill and opportunities Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Low oil content of local varieties Poor market segmentation Gap to fill: market segmentation and improvement of quality, supply of industries Opportunity: grading of avocado fruit and improved supply of industries (job) Potentiality for inclusion: medium to high
  • 10. Inclusive packages and collaboration Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil 30% capacity (36% of production) Loses (20%) Low oil content of local varieties Poor market segmentation Production gap (200,000 T) Seed + Nursery tools + Access to land + common interest Group Certified nurserymen Juice extractor + Training + common interest Group Harvesting equipment + Training in harvesting and quality control + common interest Group Tricycle for primary transport + Quality Control Training + common interest Group Local processors Certified Avocado harvesters Certified primary transporters Training on agro-industrial processing + common interest Group Certified processing labourers Short cycle Income Generating Activity Match-making of existing interventions: social protection, Development programmes, Private sector Local processing
  • 11. Inclusive packages and pathways  Social protection  Labor and employment department  Social protection  Development programme  Labor and employment department  Private sector / NGO  Social protection  Labor and employment department  Social protection  Development programme  Labor and employment department  Private sector / NGO
  • 12. Impact Input suppliers (seedling) Avocado growers Collectors Domestic market Whole seller Avocado fruit Oil Processor International market Avocado oil Losses reduction (from 20% to10%): + 22,000 T From 30% to 90% capacity + Production: 106,000 T +250,000 seedlings produced +84,000 T / year + 40,000 poor HH +xxx days job
  • 13. Impact: moving from last mile solution to policy engagement Invested budget (20% bottom poor): + USD 1.6 million +USD 40 million value chain growth +USD 320 / HH / year (52% poverty line) = USD 13 million +High drop of Food insecurity and malnutrition rate / graduate from social protection programme Upscaled pilot to reach 1 million households (5 millions individuals) in 4 agri-food value chains in 3 regions  Normative work, Policy dialogue, capacity building (inclusion mainstreaming instruments), and institutionnalisation  Inclusive investment cases presented to Worldwide investment forum
  • 14. Lessons / Key messages Investing in poor people can be profitable to the entire agri-food chain while improving food and nutrition security and ensuring long term well-being. Agri-food policies need to move from equality to equity approach (inclusion) to support Food and Nutrition Security objectives 1 million people = 2 million hands It's not just about charity, it's really about investing!
  • 15. Lessons / Key messages 1. Business intensification of the FSN response: identify opportunities, livelihood packages sized for transformational change at the household level; 2. Private sector can invest in inclusive business models to improve FSN while growing the value chain; 3. Matchmaking and programme flexibility help to optimise the resources and clear gray areas; 4. Extreme poor HH need additional capacity development; 5. Aligning with the Government policy agenda leads to ownership and ease policy engagement