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Gender and disaster risk reduction: Monitoring and evaluation


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Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. This presentation contains information on monitoring and evaluations of gender and DRR projects. This presentation is part of Oxfam GB's Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction training pack available at

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Gender and disaster risk reduction: Monitoring and evaluation

  1. 1. Gender and disaster risk reduction Monitoring and evaluation Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction : A training pack
  2. 2. Monitoring and evaluation Systematic assessment of a programme’s performance over time More objective, in-depth assessments of the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability of programmes at a particular point in time Monitoring Evaluation
  3. 3. Data collection during the project cycle during initial assessments mainly qualitative data at baseline point questionnaires and focus group discussions – more statistical every three months as part of ongoing monitoring every six months ‘ monitoring events’ or ‘learning reviews’ with beneficiaries one year into project facilitated self-evaluation end of first or second year repeat baseline measurements
  4. 4. Gender-sensitive indicators: quantitative vs qualitative It is most useful to use a balance of quantitative and qualitative indicators Quantitative <ul><li>easier to collect and analyse </li></ul>e.g. percentage of women and men able to access a given service Qualitative <ul><li>stronger explanatory and analytical role; particularly important for observing changes in gender relations in society </li></ul>e.g. extent to which women feel their opinions are acted on in decision making
  5. 5. Gender-sensitive indicators output specific result result of an activity; quantitative and do not reveal change outcome specific objective observable or measurable change as a result of the outputs impact principal objective change towards the project goal indicator in logframe measures
  6. 6. Gender-sensitive indicators Indicator In logframe Measures Output Specific result <ul><li>the result of an activity </li></ul><ul><li>tend to be quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>do not reveal change </li></ul>Outcome Specific objective <ul><li>observable or measurable change as a result of outputs </li></ul>Impact Principal objective <ul><li>change towards the project goal </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gender-sensitive indicators for ARR <ul><li>First define broad areas of change which lead toward more equal gender relations </li></ul><ul><li>Then define specific outcome and impact indicators of the extent to which these changes have occurred in the life of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Define these in a participatory way: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>involving the women and men concerned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taking into account their context-specific perspective of what gender equality means to them. </li></ul></ul>see handout 4.3 for examples
  8. 8. Oxfam GB, July 2011 This presentation is part of Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack available in full from