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The role of international organisations in mobilising clean energy finance and investment - Geraldine Ang, OECD

Clean Energy Finance and Investment in Indonesia webinar, 26 July 2023, Paris OECD

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THE ROLE OF
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
IN MOBILISING CLEAN ENERGY
FINANCE AND INVESTMENT
1
Geraldine ANG
CEFIM Team Lead
Clean Energy Finance and Investment in Indonesia
ESDM Webinar
26 July 2023
2
About the OECD
• The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an
international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives.
• Together with governments, policy makers and citizens, we work on establishing
evidence-based international standards and finding solutions to a range of social,
economic and environmental challenges.
• The OECD brings together Member countries and a range of partners that
collaborate on key global issues at national, regional and local levels. OECD countries
and Key Partners represent about 80% of world trade and investment.
The Clean Energy
Transition in Indonesia
3
4
Breakdown of Indonesia’s carbon emissions
Source: OECD/IEA (2022)
5
Indonesia’s power capacity expansion to 2050
for various 1.5C pathways
Source: IRENA (2022) PES: Planned Energy Scenario
Solar PV investments will play a key role regardless of the 1.5C pathway
6
A 6-fold increase in renewable energy capacity is
needed to reach the RUEN targets
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
2019 2025 RUEN* targets
GW Other**
Waste-to-energy
Bioenergy
Wind
Solar
Small hydro
Hydro
Geothermal
Source: OECD based on MEMR and PLN statistics as well as Presidential Regulation No. 22/2017 Concerning
General Planning for National Energy.
Renewable energy represented 16% of the total installed electricity generation capacity of 74.5 GW in 2021
6x

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The role of international organisations in mobilising clean energy finance and investment - Geraldine Ang, OECD

  • 1. THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS IN MOBILISING CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE AND INVESTMENT 1 Geraldine ANG CEFIM Team Lead Clean Energy Finance and Investment in Indonesia ESDM Webinar 26 July 2023
  • 2. 2 About the OECD • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives. • Together with governments, policy makers and citizens, we work on establishing evidence-based international standards and finding solutions to a range of social, economic and environmental challenges. • The OECD brings together Member countries and a range of partners that collaborate on key global issues at national, regional and local levels. OECD countries and Key Partners represent about 80% of world trade and investment.
  • 4. 4 Breakdown of Indonesia’s carbon emissions Source: OECD/IEA (2022)
  • 5. 5 Indonesia’s power capacity expansion to 2050 for various 1.5C pathways Source: IRENA (2022) PES: Planned Energy Scenario Solar PV investments will play a key role regardless of the 1.5C pathway
  • 6. 6 A 6-fold increase in renewable energy capacity is needed to reach the RUEN targets 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2019 2025 RUEN* targets GW Other** Waste-to-energy Bioenergy Wind Solar Small hydro Hydro Geothermal Source: OECD based on MEMR and PLN statistics as well as Presidential Regulation No. 22/2017 Concerning General Planning for National Energy. Renewable energy represented 16% of the total installed electricity generation capacity of 74.5 GW in 2021 6x
  • 7. 7 Average annual investment in the electricity sector in Indonesia in the Net Zero Emissions by 2050 Scenario Source: OECD/IEA (2022) Significant boosts to investment for low emissions generation and networks enables accelerated decarbonisation of the power sector in the Net Zero Emissions relative to the Announced Pledges Scenario (APS)
  • 8. 8 Clean energy investment remains tilted towards RE and overall falls short of investment needs Source: Source: OECD calculations based on MEMR annual performance reports from 2011-19. 0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 USD Million, 2015 constant prices Energy conservation New and renewable energy Bioenergy Geothermal Total (undifferentiated) Annual renewable power investment needs to 2025 (excl. large hydro)
  • 9. 6 strategic steps identified in the Joint IEA-MEMR’s Roadmap to Net Zero Emissions in Indonesia for the industry sector: 9 IEA-MEMR Roadmap to Net Zero Emissions in Indonesia Fuel switch Energy efficiency Electrification in industry Hydrogen Biomass Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Electricity share increase from 24% in 2020 to 51% in 2060 Reduce coal share from 33% in 2020 to 7% in 2060 Reduce natural gas share from 27% in 2020 to 15% in 2060 Reduce specific energy consumption of equipment by 50%-60% by 2060 For low temperature processes (e.g., food & beverage, textile, electronic devices), assuming 55% electrification in 2060 Replace fossil natural gas by green hydrogen in high- temperature processes from 2036 Replace fossil fuels with biomass in high- temperature processes, especially in the cement industry Use CCS in the cement and steel sectors starting from 2036 Potential to reduce 13 million tonnes CO2 emissions from the use of coal and gas in these sectors.
  • 10. Unlocking private investment for the clean energy transition Breakdown of Investable AUM and the share of Infrastructure Investment
  • 11. 11 Key priorities to mobilising finance and investment for a Just Energy Transition • Financing a Just Energy Transition needs to be inclusive, increasing access to finance for all and policies that increase both domestic and international sources of finance and investment • Key priorities include: 1. strengthening domestic enabling conditions for clean energy investment 2. Creating pipelines of bankable projects 3. Catalysing finance, including through blended finance, investment vehicles, derisking financing instruments, platforms for clean energy projects and transaction enablers 4. Aligning financial regulations with clean energy and climate objectives and building capacity amongst financial actors.
  • 12. OECD Clean Energy Finance and Investment Mobilisation (CEFIM) programme 12
  • 13. 13 About the CEFIM Programme CEFIM country partners: Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand and Viet Nam OECD programme funded by Australia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt and Germany Aim: to help emerging economies accelerate clean energy finance and investment by strengthening domestic enabling conditions Scope: renewable electricity, energy efficiency in buildings and industry decarbonisation Activities:
  • 14. 14 Examples of CEFIM demand-driven country activities
  • 15. • applies analytical framework through flexible and demand-driven approach • builds on OECD experience with Investment Policy and Environmental Performance Reviews • undertakes a holistic analysis of policy areas that affect the finance and investment environment for clean energy • considers how policies reinforce each other 15 Clean Energy Finance and Investment Policy Review CEFI Policy Review of Indonesia CEFI Policy Review of Viet Nam
  • 16. CEFI Policy Review of Indonesia Key recommendations • Streamline policies and regulations as part of current reforms • Shift to public, competitive tenders to procure renewables • International assistance can support Indonesia accelerate its clean energy transition • Development funds could support blended finance mechanisms CEFI Policy Review of Indonesia
  • 17. Solutions for a net-zero transition requires understanding of industry / country considerations Technology transfer & R&D Carbon Markets Asset stranding High costs of transition & competitiveness A flexible approach is needed to develop solutions that encompass many considerations for emerging and developing economies • Improving enabling market conditions • Financing
  • 18. • For project developers and policy makers • Increase financial awareness to improve project bankability and policies Energy Efficiency Finance Course • For financial institutions • Enhance capacity to undertake project due diligence • Develop new innovative financing mechanisms Clean Energy Finance and Investment Course • For project developers and policy makers • Increase financial awareness to improve project bankability and policies Renewable Energy Finance Course OECD Clean Energy Finance and Investment Training Objective: Breakdown silos across finance and energy to develop financing solutions that can scale private finance for clean energy
  • 19. • ESDM’s HR Development Agency and RE and EE Training Centre together with OJK Institute co-organise the CEFI training programme • Training will be delivered in partnership with GiZ Clean Energy, Affordable, and Secure Energy for South East Asia (Case) and the Energy Transition Partnership (ETP), UN OPS, and USAID and will build on past training activities • RE and EE project developers, policy makers and financial institutions will participate in the training • 3-year annual training week with a training of trainers session held in Year 3 OECD contribution to support HR development towards NZE: Clean Energy Finance and Investment Training H1 2022 31 Oct – 4 Nov 2022 Q2 2023 H1 2024 Course development Training of trainers session 3rd Training Week 2nd Training Week 1st Training Week
  • 20. • Currently, we have OJK secondee to CEFIM. We found that this program is crucial to foster human capital development and knowledge sharing on clean energy finance and investment and provide international exposure, capacity building and networking opportunities. • We are very interested to exploring the potential to establish an MEMR secondment program to the OECD CEFIM Programme. Together with OJK secondee, it is expected that this program deliver a tangible output to help accelerate clean energy finance and investment by strengthening domestic enabling conditions • Potential topic for MEMR secondment programme • Energy Efficiency guideline for financial institutions • Needs assessment of Energy Saving Insurance (ESI) for emerging economies • Tailored blended finance guidance for project, sector, and country-specific risk 20 OECD contribution to support HR development towards NZE: Secondment program
  • 21. • FGD series – Transition Financing in Indonesia (1st FGD on March 21 2023) • FGD series – Carbon trading for Financial Institution in Indonesia • Workshop on climate risk stress testing framework for banking industry 21 CEFIM relevant activities to support clean energy transitions
  • 22. 22 Please visit our webpage: www.oecd.org/cefim/ For more information, please contact: Geraldine Ang Geraldine.ANG@oecd.org Hakimul Batih Hakimul.BATIH@oecd.org