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4th April 2024
Kenya’s efforts in
Renewable energy and
energy efficiency
PRESENTED BY DAVID MUTISYA
AT OECD/IEA
CLIMATE CHANGE EXPERT
GROUP MEETING
PARIS
Enabling policy environment for RE and EE and
investment opportunities.
• Kenya Vision 2030 sets out a long-term development blueoprint aiming to transform
Kenya into “a newly-industrializing, middle income country .
• Under this vision, development of new and renewable energy sources, energy
efficiency and increasing electricity access are focus areas.
• Kenya is emerging as a leader in Africa's clean energy transition, with renewables
accounting for nearly 90% of energy generated and consumed in 2021.
• It has also made great progress towards achieving universal access to electricity,
doubling electricity access from 32% in 2013 to 75% in 2022.
• The above have been achieved through formulation and implementation of
various policies, strategies and with high political support and enhanced
partnerships.
• Key among them -KNEECS with clear targets in 5 bthematic areas
 Implementation of energy efficiency measures, smart technologies and enabling
solutions for building-to-grid interactions will expand the potential for Kenya's buildings
sector.
 As Kenya makes progress on universal access to electricity and economic growth
proceeds, this will drive increased demand for modern household appliances including
refrigerators, fans and air conditioners.
 Increased demand shall arise due to uptake of e-mobility in the country. This is key de-
cabonization in transport sector
• The effects of climate change are projected to lead to an increase in mean annual
temperatures of up to 1.5°C by the 2030s, further accelerating demand for
household cooling appliances.
• The NCAP and PURE are going to play key role in demanad for RE and
application of EE tecnologies.
• Kenya has recognozed that collaborative action among stakeholders will be
essential in driving meaningful change in RE and EE lanscape.
• That is the reason she is signatory to many climate related initiatives.
7
RE and EE have been
identified as key factor the
KTIP. The Plan is key to
drive fucture review of the
NDCs
Kenya’s energy
transition &
investment path
Kenya’s energy emissions baseline and future pathways
An orderly transition for the energy sector
Socioeconomic impacts and financing needs
The path forward
2 Alternative Net Zero energy pathways consider five country-level objectives or guiding principles: environmental
sustainability, energy system costs, economic impact, social implications, and security of supply
4 Six main decarbonization technologies will anchor an Orderly Transition. Together, renewables, low-carbon
hydrogen, battery electric vehicles and clean cookstoves cover majority of abatement. The Net-zero 2050 relies, in
addition to emission reductions as outlined here, on LULUCF interventions as proposed under the Kenya LTS.
5 Kenya would need around USD 600 bn in capital investment (USD 165 bn more than under BAU), with the
majority of investment going to the power and transport sectors. Delivering this investment could drive new
economic activity in the energy sector and beyond, potentially supporting an additional 500 thousand net new jobs
by 2050 and beyond.
7 There is a set of clear next steps to drive the implementation of a pathway, underpinned by strong
governance, a clear timeline and cadence of interaction, and supportive policies.
Kenya can further accelerate its economic development by capturing a number of green growth opportunities
3 Kenya could achieve Net Zero carbon emissions by 2050, through deployment of low-carbon solutions across all
key sectors that use energy. An orderly transition is needed for balancing the key public policy objectives
6 Capital markets will provide the largest funding pool, but tapping these sources will require some de-risking
interventions.
1 Without further action, Kenya’s emissions from energy sector could rise from around 20 Mt CO2e in 2021 to
around 130 Mt in 2050. Under Business As Usual (BAU), the bulk of emissions growth will come from transport
and industries, driven by population growth, GDP per capita growth , energy access and economic growth.
8
8
Thanks

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CCXG global forum, April 2024, David Mutisya

  • 1. 1 4th April 2024 Kenya’s efforts in Renewable energy and energy efficiency PRESENTED BY DAVID MUTISYA AT OECD/IEA CLIMATE CHANGE EXPERT GROUP MEETING PARIS
  • 2. Enabling policy environment for RE and EE and investment opportunities. • Kenya Vision 2030 sets out a long-term development blueoprint aiming to transform Kenya into “a newly-industrializing, middle income country . • Under this vision, development of new and renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and increasing electricity access are focus areas. • Kenya is emerging as a leader in Africa's clean energy transition, with renewables accounting for nearly 90% of energy generated and consumed in 2021.
  • 3. • It has also made great progress towards achieving universal access to electricity, doubling electricity access from 32% in 2013 to 75% in 2022. • The above have been achieved through formulation and implementation of various policies, strategies and with high political support and enhanced partnerships. • Key among them -KNEECS with clear targets in 5 bthematic areas
  • 4.  Implementation of energy efficiency measures, smart technologies and enabling solutions for building-to-grid interactions will expand the potential for Kenya's buildings sector.  As Kenya makes progress on universal access to electricity and economic growth proceeds, this will drive increased demand for modern household appliances including refrigerators, fans and air conditioners.  Increased demand shall arise due to uptake of e-mobility in the country. This is key de- cabonization in transport sector
  • 5. • The effects of climate change are projected to lead to an increase in mean annual temperatures of up to 1.5°C by the 2030s, further accelerating demand for household cooling appliances. • The NCAP and PURE are going to play key role in demanad for RE and application of EE tecnologies.
  • 6. • Kenya has recognozed that collaborative action among stakeholders will be essential in driving meaningful change in RE and EE lanscape. • That is the reason she is signatory to many climate related initiatives.
  • 7. 7 RE and EE have been identified as key factor the KTIP. The Plan is key to drive fucture review of the NDCs Kenya’s energy transition & investment path Kenya’s energy emissions baseline and future pathways An orderly transition for the energy sector Socioeconomic impacts and financing needs The path forward 2 Alternative Net Zero energy pathways consider five country-level objectives or guiding principles: environmental sustainability, energy system costs, economic impact, social implications, and security of supply 4 Six main decarbonization technologies will anchor an Orderly Transition. Together, renewables, low-carbon hydrogen, battery electric vehicles and clean cookstoves cover majority of abatement. The Net-zero 2050 relies, in addition to emission reductions as outlined here, on LULUCF interventions as proposed under the Kenya LTS. 5 Kenya would need around USD 600 bn in capital investment (USD 165 bn more than under BAU), with the majority of investment going to the power and transport sectors. Delivering this investment could drive new economic activity in the energy sector and beyond, potentially supporting an additional 500 thousand net new jobs by 2050 and beyond. 7 There is a set of clear next steps to drive the implementation of a pathway, underpinned by strong governance, a clear timeline and cadence of interaction, and supportive policies. Kenya can further accelerate its economic development by capturing a number of green growth opportunities 3 Kenya could achieve Net Zero carbon emissions by 2050, through deployment of low-carbon solutions across all key sectors that use energy. An orderly transition is needed for balancing the key public policy objectives 6 Capital markets will provide the largest funding pool, but tapping these sources will require some de-risking interventions. 1 Without further action, Kenya’s emissions from energy sector could rise from around 20 Mt CO2e in 2021 to around 130 Mt in 2050. Under Business As Usual (BAU), the bulk of emissions growth will come from transport and industries, driven by population growth, GDP per capita growth , energy access and economic growth. 8