Symposium case 1 A. Ori, experience from japan containers&packaging recycling law


Published on

Published in: Environment, Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Symposium case 1 A. Ori, experience from japan containers&packaging recycling law

  1. 1. June 19、2014 Tokyo, Japan Akemi Ori Kanto-Gakuin University
  2. 2. 2 The Basic Environment Law Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law (Revised) Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources (Organized) Electric Household Appliance Recycling Law (Already enacted) Food Recycling Law (Newly enacted) Construction Material Recycling Act (Newly enacted) End-of-life Vehicle Recycling Law Container and Packaging Recycling Law (Already enacted) Law on Promoting Green Purchasing Small Home Appliance Recycling Law The Basic Law for Establishing the Recycling – based Society (basic framework law) Japanese Recycling Law
  3. 3. Distinguished Features of C&P Waste (cc ELV,WEEE) 1. Short Life of Products(ELV 20ys, WEEE 10ys) 2. Simple design, limited influence on DfE 3. Compare to Industrial waste, less Volume 4. Many Stakeholders(Bottle Makers, Containers, Disutributors, Recyclers, etc) 1. very close relation with citizen’s dairly life. 3
  4. 4. The Background of C&P Law 4 ① Lack of waste disposal sites ② Increasing ration of C&P Waste in municipal waste Volume ratio papers plasticmetal glass Non C&P Wastes 38.4% C&P Waste 61.7% other Weight ratio paper plastic glass metal other Non C&P Waste 76.7% C&P Waste 23.3%
  5. 5. Japanese System : Stakeholders Co-operation 5(出典:環境省HP) Extended Producer Responsibility Business Entities: Recycling Consumer: Reducion of C&P Waste ,Sorted Discarding Municipalities: Sorted collection of C&P waste ‘Transferred C&P Waste
  6. 6. The Characteristics of Japanese C&P Recycling system 1. Collecting household waste (not including office waste)⇒High quality sorting 2. Municipality Voluntary Participation System(Each municipality need to decide whether to make plan or not) 3. Range covered is wide⇒All the C&P Waste is collected. 4. Recycle Marks are sealed 8 materials.But the collecting system differes depending on municipality. 6
  7. 7. Background of Japanese EPR style 1. Long History of Citizen’s sorting and collecting household waste system, co-operating with municipality. 2. ⇒Successful recycling system 3. ⇒How Business entity could co-operate to this System? 4. ⇒Japanese EPR(so called Partial EPR System) ⇓ 5. Sorting high quality materials,Co-operating system with those involved. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. Outcome of Japanese System 1. Business entity’s effort to make lighter weight and thinner. 2. Increasing the amount of recycling. 3. Increasing participation of municipalities and having successful municipality collection system led to gain the community power,also high quality materials. 9
  10. 10. 11
  11. 11. Ongoing Problems 1. Increasing recycle , not reducing. Need to change the behavior. But How? 2. Increasing recycle but not cost efficiency, high cost in recycling. 3. Because of high quality recycled material,items are exported to foreign countries. 4. A gap exists among stakeholders. 12
  12. 12. Toward a Future Limited capacity in DfE, so what is Next? ⇒Need to change the behavior by information sharing ⇓ Who could give the information which could lead environmental friendly purchasing ? Who could give the forum for communication? Who could change the behavior? 13
  13. 13. What should be Consider? How to strengthen partnership! Sharing Information! Shared responsibility needs Common Goal! (EPR is policy tool not the goal itself) Talking about recycle efficiency ,with citizen’s work- load. Citizens also need incentive. What? ⇒Visualice the outcome of their acts. 14
  14. 14. For More Effective Recycle Business Entities approach to Citizen 15
  15. 15. 3Rリーダー交流会 川口市版成にむけた市民参加型ワークショップ
  16. 16. Questions from Citizens Is Plastic Mark equal to Recycle Mark? Why could’nt we discard toys with the packaging Waste? Why could’nt we discard cleaning bag? Why is garbage collection system different in each municipality? How much we should clean the dirty? Why do we have to take off the bottle Cap?
  17. 17. Reason for not acting environmental friendly Green market + Study Group 2011 costly Notknowthe effectofthe action Nosanction Notknowwhat todo Complicated Noopportunity Notfeelthe meaningofthe act Other s Nobarrierfor noaction
  18. 18. •To state clearly that an EPR policy cannot be designed appropriately by considering producers’ roles and responsibility only. •Information provision and informative producer responsibility plays a key role,
  19. 19. How to Change the Consumer’s behavior? イラスト:京エコロジーセンターHP・ハイムーンの漫画ギャラリー/石川県立大学高月紘教授 作 From Consumer to Sustainability Citizen Consumption :The act of using energy, food or materials Consumer :A person who buys goods or uses services
  20. 20. 21Sharing Information is the Key for the Partnership Government Citizen Information Business
  21. 21. 22