“Cities Can Save the Earth”: The City of Gwangju and its Urban Environment Policy-Kang


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“Cities Can Save the Earth”: The City of Gwangju and its Urban Environment Policy-Kang

  1. 1. Rio+20 Speech“Cities Can Save the Earth” : The City ofGwangju and Its Urban Environment Policy Kang, Un-Tae Mayor, Gwangju Metropolitan City, Rep. of Korea Co-Chairperson, UEA Members Alliance 1
  2. 2. Climate Change andand CitiesClimate Change Cities- The pace of climate change: faster than what we expected- Time to need Decision for Our Common FutureThe 5th IPCC report : 2050 Climate Estimation- Precipitation : 30% Increase- Temperature : 2.3 ℃ Increase- Sea level : 34cm Increase in elevation2050 Climate estimation of Korea- Summer : four -> five months- Winter : three -> two months- Abnormal climate : scorching heat, heavy rainfall※ Cities are major causes of global warming and climate change. Cities have a responsibility to address global warming 2
  3. 3. Introduction to GwangjuSouth Korea’s 5th largest city, with population of 1.5 million 3
  4. 4. The Driving Force of Korean Democracy- Gwangju’s May 1980 Democratic Movement Archives: listed on the UNESCO Memory of the World in May, 2011The city of Culture and Art- Home of Gwangju Biennale and Gwangju Design Biennale, global art festivalsThe city of cutting-edge science industry 4
  5. 5. Create an environment-friendly green city Carbon Bank System- Citizens are the key decision makers on carbon reduction  Each citizen, the main actor of GHG reduction- Grant carbon points to households with lesser energy (electricity, gas, and water)use compared to previous two years use- Participation: 44% of 540,000 households in Gwangju  100% by 2015 Carbon Reduction Effects - GHG Reduction: 26 thousand tons reduced in 2011 - Equivalent to planting 9.18 million pine trees 5
  6. 6. Further directionThe range expanded to: - Increase in the use of public transport and bicycle - Food waste reduction - Environmental protection work - Food mileage campaign, etcSecuring Additional Administration Funds- Green Fundraising : Participation from central government, cities, and companies The icon of citizens’ green-life practices 6
  7. 7. Implementing Policy on Land Usecomprehensively Policy Directions - A synergistic organization of each field - urban planning, transportation, forestry, housing, promotion of industry - Urban planning focused on control of commuting distance, cost of traffic congestion, and excessive energy use from a long-term perspective - More focus on city rehabilitation, instead of sprawl to city outskirts Examples of Gwangju - Re-development of old flats into housing for 2015 Gwangju Summer Universiade ※ Unprecedented case in the history of international sports - Urban improvement project in 22 residential sectors - Completion of Asian Culture Complex [600 million US$ budget] at the previous government facility 7
  8. 8. Fostering and Spreading Green IndustryDirections Virtuous cycle between the environment and economy- Fostering Green Industry: Investment in environment · Drive for job creation and economic growth- Creating public demand toward “Greenness”Examples of Gwangju- LED Products made locally replace existing public and private light fixtures. Public100% and Private 60% replacement by 2020 ※ 134 LED-related companies in Gwangju- The major production facility of KIA Motors, a global automobile producer · All public buses: natural gas replacement in 2011 · Electric vehicles encouraged: 300 units by 2014 8
  9. 9. Proposal to enhance urban environment1st Strengthening Exchange and Cooperation on Environmental Policies among Worldwide CitiesPurpose- To share problem-solving ability through mutual exchange among cities- To establish resourceful circulation in all cities throughout the worldExamples of Gwangju [Technology Export]- Conclusion of an environmental technology exchange agreements (waste disposal, etc) ᆞᆞ Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), with Rwanda (Angola) with- Installation of a waste-using power generating facility ᆞᆞ be installed in Luanda, Angola, September 2012 to 9
  10. 10. 2nd Developing Standardized Urban Environment Evaluation Index Purpose of Enactment- to provide a guideline for urban environment Evaluation and green cities- to foster worldwide cities to become low-carbon green cities※ Co-development with UNEP from 2011 to 2013 Characteristics of the index- Commonly applied to cities of both developed and developing countries- Considering the current status of a city and outcome of current policies- An index that can be certified and standardized internationally Future Plan- Awarding “International Low Carbon Green City” from 2014 ᆞᆞ Apply index to the world cities ᆞᆞ Select cities of excellence ᆞᆞ Organization in collaboration with UNEP 10
  11. 11. 3rd An urgent need to introduce a new financial incentive to citiesfor carbon reduction such as Urban CDM The Existing CDM Urban CDM- limited in technology and - Make wide-ranged access available in Urban Planning, Land-use, and Green Governancescale approaches (single - UN Green Climate Fund supported for GHGproject-based) reduction annually compared to BAU- At the 2011 Gwangju Summit of UEA, 120 cities and international organizations have agreed on the international application of Urban CDM○ UN Green Climate Fund - 100billion US$ to be created every year by 2020 - It should be prepared sooner to reduce carbon emission 11
  12. 12. Conclusion ○ Cities, the cause and the victim of climate change ○ Peril of the Earth: Challenges and Opportunities - Cities actively commit themselves to solve the environmental problems - Work together for the common good 12
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention