Western European Absolutism

1,634 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,634
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Western European Absolutism

  1. 1. The Absolutism World Tour: Western Europe Mr. Neiffer AP European History @ Capital High School
  2. 2. 17th Century France
  3. 3. The Estate System First Estate: the Clergy (1% of the population) Second Estate: the nobility (3-4% of the population) Third Estate: everyone else Bourgeoisie... the middle class
  4. 4. Henry VI (Henry of Navarre) First king of the Bourbon dynasty
  5. 5. Controlling the nobility... Nobility of the Robe vs. Nobility of the Sword
  6. 6. The Duke of Sully Mercantilism: the role of international trade/ colonies is to make profits for the mother county
  7. 7. Louis XIII Age 9 at coronation Mother and regent: Marie de’ Medici
  8. 8. Cardinal Richelieu Open disagreement with the Queen Mother and regent Louis XIII the Intendant System Persecution of the Huguenots: Peace of Alais (1629)
  9. 9. The Thirty Years’ War France’s involvement largely executed by Richelieu and Louis XIII
  10. 10. Louis XIV “L’etat, c’est moi” ... I am the state! Divine Right of Kings the Sun King
  11. 11. Cardinal Mazarin Regent to Louis XIV The Fronde
  12. 12. The War of the Spanish Succession Charles the II of France Dies in 1700, leaving no direct heir
  13. 13. Treaty of Utrecht (1713) One of the most important treaties in the 17th and 18th centuries Key consideration is the balance of power Spain’s international interests were partitioned Louis’s grandson becomes Philip V of Spain, but the unification of the households is prohibited
  14. 14. Results of the Louis XIV Wars French economy destroyed 20% of French subjects perish Massive tax burden fa+s on the 3rd Estate; = massive social tensions

×