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THE ENLIGHTENMENT
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY @ CAPITAL HIGH SCHOOL
THE PHILOSOPHES
VOLTAIRE



1694-1778

“CRUSH THE INFAMOUS
THING!”

CANDIDE
BARON DE MONTESQUIEU



1689-1775, FRANCE

SPIRIT OF LAWS (1748)

CHECKS AND
BALANCES
JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU



1712-1778, FRANCE

THE SOCIAL CONTRACT
(1762)

EMILE (1762)
DENIS DIDEROT




1713-1784, FRANCE

THE ENCYCLOPEDIA
MARQUIS DI BECCARIA




1738-1794, ITALY

ON CRIMES AND
PUNISHMENT (1764)
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
EXAMINES ECONOMICS...
FRANCOIS QUESNAY




1694-1774, FRANCE

PHYSIOCRATS
ADAM SMITH




1727-1790, ENGLISH

THE WEALTH OF
NATIONS (1776)
WOMEN IN THE
ENLIGHTENMENT
THE SALON MOVEMENT
MARY WOLLESTONECRAFT




ENGLAND
THE ENLIGHTENED DESPOTS:
   THE ENLIGHTENMENT
   APPLIED TO POLITICS
A DEBATE...


THE ENLIGHTENMENT CREATED:
GREAT REFORMS?

OR

MODEST REFORMS?
IN PLACES WHERE THERE WASN’T
       A REVOLUTION...


 MODEST REFORMS:

  RELIGIOUS TOLERATION

  STREAMLINED LEGAL CODES
...
FREDERIC II:
     (FREDERIC THE GREAT!)

WAR OF AUSTRIAN
SUCCESSION

SEVEN YEARS’ WAR

DIPLOMATIC
REVOLUTION

“FIRST SERVA...
CATHERINE THE GREAT




PUGACHEV REBELLION

PARTITION OF POLAND
MARIA THERESA




...NOT AN
“ENLIGHTENED
DESPOT?”
JOSEPH II




MAJOR REFORMER
The Enlightenment AP European History 2009 2010
The Enlightenment AP European History 2009 2010
The Enlightenment AP European History 2009 2010
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The Enlightenment AP European History 2009 2010

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The Enlightenment AP European History 2009 2010

  1. 1. THE ENLIGHTENMENT AP EUROPEAN HISTORY @ CAPITAL HIGH SCHOOL
  2. 2. THE PHILOSOPHES
  3. 3. VOLTAIRE 1694-1778 “CRUSH THE INFAMOUS THING!” CANDIDE
  4. 4. BARON DE MONTESQUIEU 1689-1775, FRANCE SPIRIT OF LAWS (1748) CHECKS AND BALANCES
  5. 5. JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU 1712-1778, FRANCE THE SOCIAL CONTRACT (1762) EMILE (1762)
  6. 6. DENIS DIDEROT 1713-1784, FRANCE THE ENCYCLOPEDIA
  7. 7. MARQUIS DI BECCARIA 1738-1794, ITALY ON CRIMES AND PUNISHMENT (1764)
  8. 8. THE ENLIGHTENMENT EXAMINES ECONOMICS...
  9. 9. FRANCOIS QUESNAY 1694-1774, FRANCE PHYSIOCRATS
  10. 10. ADAM SMITH 1727-1790, ENGLISH THE WEALTH OF NATIONS (1776)
  11. 11. WOMEN IN THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  12. 12. THE SALON MOVEMENT
  13. 13. MARY WOLLESTONECRAFT ENGLAND
  14. 14. THE ENLIGHTENED DESPOTS: THE ENLIGHTENMENT APPLIED TO POLITICS
  15. 15. A DEBATE... THE ENLIGHTENMENT CREATED: GREAT REFORMS? OR MODEST REFORMS?
  16. 16. IN PLACES WHERE THERE WASN’T A REVOLUTION... MODEST REFORMS: RELIGIOUS TOLERATION STREAMLINED LEGAL CODES INCREASED ACCESS TO EDUCATION REDUCTION OF TORTURE AND THE DEATH PENALTY
  17. 17. FREDERIC II: (FREDERIC THE GREAT!) WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION SEVEN YEARS’ WAR DIPLOMATIC REVOLUTION “FIRST SERVANT OF THE STATE”
  18. 18. CATHERINE THE GREAT PUGACHEV REBELLION PARTITION OF POLAND
  19. 19. MARIA THERESA ...NOT AN “ENLIGHTENED DESPOT?”
  20. 20. JOSEPH II MAJOR REFORMER

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