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BUILDING BETTER ONLINE AND
BLENDED CLASSROOM
DISCUSSIONS BY DESIGN
Jason Neiffer
Assistant Director/Curriculum Director @ ...
These slides:
http://blog.ncce.org
Have you been a participate in a forum discussion before?
Overall, what is your perception of online discussions?
Have you lead a forum discussion before before?
Best aspect of a forum discussion?
Worst aspect of a forum discussion?
The Problem
Overuse Overuse
Poorly-Designed Discussions
Discussion Fatigue
AS A STUDENT, what is your overall satisfaction of classroom
discussion?
AS A TEACHER, what has been your overall satisfaction with
discussion?
Drill down: Levels of Engagement
None
•Teacher
states
question
•Students
discuss
without
teacher
interaction
Basic Feedbac...
…teachers should digitally touch EVERY student in an online discussion.
The Model: Community of Inquiry
Interactivity should be the cornerstone of online discussion forums!
Interactivity should be the cornerstone of online discussion forums!
Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2000)
Designing Online Discussions
Instructional Design
• “This week we will be discussing…”Setting Curriculum
• “I am going to divide you into groups, and y...
Writing Good Discussion Questions
Convergent
Thinking
Why
How
In what ways...
Divergent
Thinking
Imagine
Suppose
Predict
I...
Setting the Stage
•“Bates says.... What do you think”Present Content Questions
•“I think that is a dead end. I would ask y...
Facilitating Discourse
• “Joe, Mary has presented a compelling counter
example to your theory. Would you care to respond?”...
For Students: Discussion Starters
I agree with ______.
I would like to also
add that…
___________.
I agree with part of
yo...
THANK YOU!
Jason Neiffer
Assistant Director/Curriculum Director @ MTDA
NCCE Tech-Savvy Teacher-in-Residence
Doctoral Candi...
Resources
■ http://online.purdue.edu/sites/prd/files/Validating-a-Measurement-Tool-of-
Presence-in-Online-Communities-of-I...
Lab
Building Better Online and Blended Classroom Discussions by Design
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Building Better Online and Blended Classroom Discussions by Design

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These are slides supporting our presentation, "Building Better Online and Blended Classroom Discussions by Design," by Jason Neiffer and Mike Agostinelli at the Extended Learning Institute at Carroll College, March 2015.

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Building Better Online and Blended Classroom Discussions by Design

  1. 1. BUILDING BETTER ONLINE AND BLENDED CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS BY DESIGN Jason Neiffer Assistant Director/Curriculum Director @ MTDA NCCE Tech-Savvy Teacher-in-Residence Doctoral Candidate @ University of Montana @techsavvyteach Mike Agostinelli Instructional Program Manager @ MTDA NCCE Tech-Savvy Teacher-in-Residence @mikegusto
  2. 2. These slides: http://blog.ncce.org
  3. 3. Have you been a participate in a forum discussion before?
  4. 4. Overall, what is your perception of online discussions?
  5. 5. Have you lead a forum discussion before before?
  6. 6. Best aspect of a forum discussion?
  7. 7. Worst aspect of a forum discussion?
  8. 8. The Problem
  9. 9. Overuse Overuse
  10. 10. Poorly-Designed Discussions
  11. 11. Discussion Fatigue
  12. 12. AS A STUDENT, what is your overall satisfaction of classroom discussion?
  13. 13. AS A TEACHER, what has been your overall satisfaction with discussion?
  14. 14. Drill down: Levels of Engagement None •Teacher states question •Students discuss without teacher interaction Basic Feedback •Teacher states question •Teacher provides direct, generic feedback ("good job!" or "great question!") Feedback with Facilitation •Teacher states question •Techer provides direct feedback with redirecting questions Building Student Connections •Teacher states question •Techer provides direct feedback with questions that connect ideas and students
  15. 15. …teachers should digitally touch EVERY student in an online discussion.
  16. 16. The Model: Community of Inquiry
  17. 17. Interactivity should be the cornerstone of online discussion forums!
  18. 18. Interactivity should be the cornerstone of online discussion forums!
  19. 19. Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2000)
  20. 20. Designing Online Discussions
  21. 21. Instructional Design • “This week we will be discussing…”Setting Curriculum • “I am going to divide you into groups, and you will debate…”Designing Methods • “Please post a message by Friday…” Establishing Time Parameters • “Try to address issues that others have raised when you post” Utilizing Medium Effectively • “Keep your messages short” Establishing netiquette Anderson et al (2001)
  22. 22. Writing Good Discussion Questions Convergent Thinking Why How In what ways... Divergent Thinking Imagine Suppose Predict If...., then.... How might.... Can you create... Evaluative Thinking Defend Judge Justify.... What do you think about... Anderson et al (2001)
  23. 23. Setting the Stage •“Bates says.... What do you think”Present Content Questions •“I think that is a dead end. I would ask you to consider...”Focus the discussion •“The original question was...Joe said...Mary said ...we concluded that ...We still haven't addressed”Summarize the discussion •“You are close, but you didn't account for... this is important because...” Confirm understanding through explanatory feedback •“Remember, Bates is speaking from an administrative perspective, so be careful when you say...”Diagnose misconceptions Anderson et al (2001)
  24. 24. Facilitating Discourse • “Joe, Mary has presented a compelling counter example to your theory. Would you care to respond?” Identifying areas of agreement/disagreement • “I think Joe and Mary are essentially saying the same thing.” Seeking to reach consensus/understanding • “Thank you for your insightful comments” Encouraging student contributions • “Don't feel self-conscious about "Thinking out loud" in the forum...” Setting the climate for learning • “I think we're getting off track here"Assess the learning path Anderson et al (2001)
  25. 25. For Students: Discussion Starters I agree with ______. I would like to also add that… ___________. I agree with part of your posting. I support you on ____, but I feel differently about _____. Let me explain why… _________________
  26. 26. THANK YOU! Jason Neiffer Assistant Director/Curriculum Director @ MTDA NCCE Tech-Savvy Teacher-in-Residence Doctoral Candidate @ University of Montana @techsavvyteach Mike Agostinelli Instructional Program Manager @ MTDA NCCE Tech-Savvy Teacher-in-Residence @mikegusto http://blog.ncce.org
  27. 27. Resources ■ http://online.purdue.edu/sites/prd/files/Validating-a-Measurement-Tool-of- Presence-in-Online-Communities-of-Inquiry.pdf ■ http://cde.athabascau.ca/coi_site/documents/Anderson_Rourke_Garrison_Arch er_Teaching_Presence.pdf ■ Use of audio in feedback loop research: http://jolt.merlot.org/vol7no1/olesova_0311.htm ■ https://academics.utep.edu/Portals/844/nofo/Using%20Discussions%20in%20O nline%20Courses.pdf ■ http://www.rasmussen.edu/student-life/blogs/college-life/creating-the-perfect- discussion-post-for-online-classes/ ■ http://www.usnews.com/education/blogs/making-the-online- grade/2013/11/08/benefits-drawbacks-of-online-class-discussion-boards ■ http://tep.uoregon.edu/technology/blackboard/docs/discussionboard.pdf ■ https://coi.athabascau.ca/
  28. 28. Lab

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