Cave pictures are on from of human culture found In old sites of dwelling
caves of the pre-historical time. Cave pictures can be said to be universal in nature
because they are found almost every where in the world, including Indonesia. One
form or object of picture frequently found is hand stencils. In Indonesian, beside
Kalimantan, Jayapura but also in the South Sulawesi, especially in the Pangkep regency.
Twelve caves in the Pangkep are studied where 326 hand. The hand part, orientation,
hand side, number of fingers, size, color, and context are analyzed. the analysis reveals
a pattern of hand palms of adults with upward orientation. The analysis also reveals a
pattern of hand palms that are brown in color, randomly, arranged, with in the context
of pictures of other hands.
The picture of the caves is product from culture of human in the later
period or pre-history. The picture is made in cave or rockshelter and it from in
Paleolitikum until Mesolitikum. Why the picture there are in caves or rockshelter?
Because the human example Megantrophus or homo erectus ever live in the thats
In Pangkep regency there are many caves example Sumpang Bita,
Batang Lammara, Bulu Sumi, Camingkana, Cumi Lantang, Garunggung, Kassi,
Lompoa, Pattenungan, Sakapo, Saluka, Sassang, etc.But, in the our presentation,
we want to explain specially about Sumpang Bita caves. In Sumpang Bita Caves
there are many picture. And top picture is palm of hand. It mean of palm of hands
is pictures used negative step. And negative step is extend the fingers and than
syringed used sirih leaves.
THEBACKGROUND OF SUMPANG BITA
Sumpang Bita at Balocci district Pangkep Regency. Sumpang Bita has 2 word.
Sumpang and Bita. Sumpang meaning the door of the caves and Bita is the name of the
village. Why the Sumpang Bita is made? Because Sumpang bita has function. And the one
of the function is unifier in Toala ethnic and Bugis and Makassar ethnic. Sumpang Bita is
find by Frarels Sarain dan Paul Sarasin after find leang-leang caves in Maros Regency.
And they find that’s cave, the condition or situation didn’t have stairs. So, they just
The later period, Leang-leang, Bosowa, Bulu saraung, Bulu sumi, and Sumpang
Bita is one mountain. But, in now the mountain is pieced so, the Sumpang Bita and leang-
leang is separated.
Sumpang Bita more nice than other caves in Pangkep regency for learning.
For BelievingLookat TheTable
From the table we can conclude Sumpang Bita cave have picture more other caves in
But, in the book of Sumpang Bita is explained about it. So, read the next slide.
No Cave Totally Pictures
1 Bulu Sumi 9
2 Sumpang Bita 81
3 Kassi 9
4 Lompoa 2
5 Batang Lamara 10
6 Cumi Lantang 47
The cave at in Bita village in Sub
district Balocci baru, district Balocci in
Pangkep Regency. According to the astrnomy
04 54 58 LS and 119 34 57 BT. The high from
sea is 200 M, at from office of Sub district (5
km), from office of district (7 km) and from
city of Pangkep regency (12 km). At the cave
of Sumpang Bita there are some rooms.
Namely room’s A (wide= 9 m, high = 5 m,
length = 25 m), room’s B (wide = 7,5 m, high =
3 m, length = 16 m) and room’s C (wide = 3 m,
high = 2,5 m, length = 6 m ). But also, there is
Bulu Sumi cave.
LOCATION OF SUMPANG BITA
The DiscriptionSumpangBita Cave
The measuring mouth of
caves is high 10 M, wide 14.5 M. In
the edge of Sumpang Bita there
pool. In the cave find some picture
consist of palm of old human hand
(37) palm of young human hand
(16) palm of foot (2) deer (1) pig
(1) boat. So, the total picture are 69.
(source in the book of “cerita rakyat
THE HUMAN OF SUMPANGBITA ANDBULU
The Human of the caves is Toale Ethnic. The Toale ethnic is very
outlying than the other ethnic example Bugis and Makassar and live in
forest. They live with colony 5-10 human. They used food gathering and
food production and sometime live like nomaden (not constant). The dress
made from skin wood.
They live very simple and according to the nature and have
simple religion. For example belief soul (animisme and dinamisme).
Because there are many pictures cave so, we can learning the religion of
the human. The color of picture is red. Why the color is read? Because in
his religion red is the logo of strong for to avoid bad soul.
THE CONNECTED SUMPANG BITA CAVE, BULU SUMI CAVE,
AND THE POOL
The connected is one certain and we can’t separationed that, bacause
there some dependence. So, read the following explaining.
҉ Bulu Sumi caves
In the cave find kjokkomoddinger (kitchen brush consist
of cockle and the food of ancient human and for proof is
there piece in tip the cockle. But also find arrow etc and
can give information about Bulu Sumi is operational cave
for find and execute the food.
҉ Sumpang Bita cave
In the cave find picture’s cave and kjokkomoddinger is not
find in the caves. And the cave we can’t said about that’s
operational caves because there are many picture so, we
can said the function of the cave’s ceremony places.
And the fingers sliced 3 it’s mean token to the girl
becauise the husband is dead. And there are picture
of animal because the mean token for hope his
prey can more. For example anoa. They live in
bulu sumi caves and if they would ceremony they
go to the Sumpang Bita caves. And if they take a
bath, take water go to the pool. And one boat it’s
mean the vehicle when they find his cave. Because
the later period the caves behind in the sea.
How about the pool?
The function of the pool is place of
ancient human for take water in needed.
Why there are one thousand ladder
(tangga seribu) ?
Because there are activity the ethnic.
And his trail with nature make road. For
easy go to the caves the govermant make
the ladder. And why there one thousand?
Because in the religion of Toale, one
thousand is highest.
• According to the location, Sumpang Bita is ceremony
places of the Toala ethnic. And the Bulu Sumi is a place
for live the Toala ethnic and the pool is a facility to take
• Sumpang bita is more nice than other caves in Pangkep
• In there has 2 caves, Sumpang Bita and Bulu sumi caves.