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Good morningeveryone! Welcome to our
museum where you can see the different
artworks from pre-conquest or pre-colonial
period as well as the artworks from islamic
colonial period.
First,let us see the artworks from different form
of arts from pre conquest or pre colonial period.
Duringthe pre colonial period our ancestors
were hunters. They hunted food and they share
their experiences whilehunting food among the
people in their community. They told stories.In
this simpleactivity the ritual,music,dance,
music and even literature. Because when
they’re tellingstories abouttheir hunting they
used to imitate the movements of the animals,
they also learned to add drum beats and
attached rhythm. Also, they use oral storytelling
marked as the beginning of literature.
When they gathered and feasted on the fish
they caught or the pic they slewwhich they
considered itas as form of ritual.
Duringthe pre colonial period there were also a
different kind of rituals around thePhilippines.
One example is the kanyaw which is found
in the cordilleraautonomous region.It is
officiated by a shaman or mumbaki. Kanyaw
also involves animal sacrifice.They performed
this ritual for healing,to announcethe birth of
child,or a coming of age, duringwakes,
weddings, and burial ceremonies.
In Lanao in Mindanao,a Kashawingritual
was performed to ensure abundanceduringrice
plantingand harvesting.
Whilein Palawan,thetagbanwa beleived
that every thirteenth month, three goddesses
descend from heaven to blessed the planted
rice.So, the shamans go into a trance amidst
ritual chantingand dancing.
Let’s now move on to music,duringpre-colonial
period there were ethnic musical instruments
such as:
 Pipes
 Flutes
 Zithers
 Drums
Various stringinstruments:
 Kudyapi- a three stringed guitar
 Kulintang- an array of bossed gongs
 Gansa or flatgongs
 Bamboo percussion instruments
 Agong- largebossed gong
Because of the presence of many ethnic musical
instruments it is further complemented by
native danceforms whose movements is often
imitated the movements of animals,humans,
elements of nature such as:
 Pangalay fromsulu that mimics the
movements of seabirds.
 Kinabua of Mandayas thatmimic eagle
 The Banog-banog higanon and b’laan
community or hawk dance
 Manok- manok of bagobos that mimics
predatory birds
 Talip danceof ifugao that mimics wild
fowls
 Inamong matigsalugs and Kadaliwasdance
of t’bolis presents the comedic movements
of monkeys.
 Tiniklinga popular folk dancethatmimics
the movements of crane
Before the colonization the filipinosalso
practicecarvingor sculpting.
The people of cordillerascarve bulul a
carvewooden figurethat plays an important
rolein rituals.Italso appears in containers,
bowls and spoons.
The Ifugaos also producethe hagabi,a
wooden bench that marks the wealth and
power.
On the other hand, christianized
communities in laguna and pampanga are
knowm for carving santos or sculptures of
saints.
 OKIR
 SARIMANOK
 NAGA OR SERPENT
 PAKO RABONG OR FERN
 TOROGAN
Also POTTERY is present duringthe
pre-colonial period
One of the most ancientart that is
discovered is the MANUNGGUL JAR that is used
for burial.Itis found atmanunggul cave, lipuun
point, palawan thatis dated to the lateneolithic
period(890-710 BC)
The manunggul jar is glazed with reddish
hematite incised with curvilineardesigns,ithas
two human forms atop the lid:a boatman
paddlingto transporthis deceased charge,
whose journey through water that is
interpreted as a methaphor of travel to the
afterlife.
Other forms of art that is still in usearethe
PALAYOK for cooking,BANGA AND TAPAYAN for
fermenting foods or keeping liquids.
Duringthe pre-colonial period they also
practiceWEAVING.
In traditional weavingthe fibers that is
used are from plants likecotton, abacca,
pineappleleaves whilethe pigments arefrom
clay,roots,and leaves of plants.
One of the example of wooden products
from pre-colonial isthe PIS SIYABIT used as
head coveringwoven by the tausugof sulu.
And also the MALONG that is worn by
women as a dress and by men as a trousers.
Malonghas exquisitetapestry panel called
LANGKIT woven by the Maranao of lanao del
sur.
Other forms also includematand basket
weaving. The double-lyers tepo mat of the Sama
of Tawi-tawi made of pandan leaves is a
remarkableexample of a mundane or everyday
object with high artistic value.
Another example is fromItbayat, batanes
called ovaloid baskets madeof nito and bamboo
that are used as ahead slingto carry harvests.
Weavingtechniques are also used to
create agricultural purposes likethe BUBO from
ilocos region used to catch fish.
Ornamentations can also beseen during
pre-colonial period liketattoos and jewelries
which is still a formof art.
It is illustrated in the maunuscriptcalled
BOXER CODEX that featured representations of
various ethnolinguisticgroups.An upper class
Visayans areshown fully covered in tattoo
called the PINTADOS
Whilethe upper class Tagalogwears gold
jewelry. They believed that jewelry make the
wearer become more attractive. One of the
famous jewelry from pre-colonial period is the
LINGLING-O a kind of ear pendant fashioned
from green nephrite (jade) that is found in
duyong cave, palawan
Some metalworks are also presentin this
period such as the
LOTOANS or BETEL NUT BOXES of various
shapes,made of brass or bronze produced by
the maranao of lanao del sur.
The design of lotoan is achieved through a
special techniqueof metal castingcalled LOST
WAX or CIRE PERDUE which a process involves
the use of molds filled with liquefied metal that
eventually hardens and when the mold is
removed the design revealed
The other vessel that employ the same
techniques arethe brass KENDI that is used for
pouringliquids and theGADUR that is used as a
container.

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Pre conquest islamic colonial

  • 1. Good morningeveryone! Welcome to our museum where you can see the different artworks from pre-conquest or pre-colonial period as well as the artworks from islamic colonial period. First,let us see the artworks from different form of arts from pre conquest or pre colonial period. Duringthe pre colonial period our ancestors were hunters. They hunted food and they share their experiences whilehunting food among the people in their community. They told stories.In this simpleactivity the ritual,music,dance, music and even literature. Because when they’re tellingstories abouttheir hunting they used to imitate the movements of the animals, they also learned to add drum beats and attached rhythm. Also, they use oral storytelling marked as the beginning of literature. When they gathered and feasted on the fish they caught or the pic they slewwhich they considered itas as form of ritual. Duringthe pre colonial period there were also a different kind of rituals around thePhilippines. One example is the kanyaw which is found in the cordilleraautonomous region.It is officiated by a shaman or mumbaki. Kanyaw also involves animal sacrifice.They performed this ritual for healing,to announcethe birth of child,or a coming of age, duringwakes, weddings, and burial ceremonies. In Lanao in Mindanao,a Kashawingritual was performed to ensure abundanceduringrice plantingand harvesting. Whilein Palawan,thetagbanwa beleived that every thirteenth month, three goddesses descend from heaven to blessed the planted rice.So, the shamans go into a trance amidst ritual chantingand dancing. Let’s now move on to music,duringpre-colonial period there were ethnic musical instruments such as:  Pipes  Flutes  Zithers  Drums Various stringinstruments:  Kudyapi- a three stringed guitar  Kulintang- an array of bossed gongs  Gansa or flatgongs  Bamboo percussion instruments  Agong- largebossed gong Because of the presence of many ethnic musical instruments it is further complemented by native danceforms whose movements is often imitated the movements of animals,humans, elements of nature such as:  Pangalay fromsulu that mimics the movements of seabirds.  Kinabua of Mandayas thatmimic eagle  The Banog-banog higanon and b’laan community or hawk dance  Manok- manok of bagobos that mimics predatory birds  Talip danceof ifugao that mimics wild fowls  Inamong matigsalugs and Kadaliwasdance of t’bolis presents the comedic movements of monkeys.  Tiniklinga popular folk dancethatmimics the movements of crane Before the colonization the filipinosalso practicecarvingor sculpting. The people of cordillerascarve bulul a carvewooden figurethat plays an important
  • 2. rolein rituals.Italso appears in containers, bowls and spoons. The Ifugaos also producethe hagabi,a wooden bench that marks the wealth and power. On the other hand, christianized communities in laguna and pampanga are knowm for carving santos or sculptures of saints.  OKIR  SARIMANOK  NAGA OR SERPENT  PAKO RABONG OR FERN  TOROGAN Also POTTERY is present duringthe pre-colonial period One of the most ancientart that is discovered is the MANUNGGUL JAR that is used for burial.Itis found atmanunggul cave, lipuun point, palawan thatis dated to the lateneolithic period(890-710 BC) The manunggul jar is glazed with reddish hematite incised with curvilineardesigns,ithas two human forms atop the lid:a boatman paddlingto transporthis deceased charge, whose journey through water that is interpreted as a methaphor of travel to the afterlife. Other forms of art that is still in usearethe PALAYOK for cooking,BANGA AND TAPAYAN for fermenting foods or keeping liquids. Duringthe pre-colonial period they also practiceWEAVING. In traditional weavingthe fibers that is used are from plants likecotton, abacca, pineappleleaves whilethe pigments arefrom clay,roots,and leaves of plants. One of the example of wooden products from pre-colonial isthe PIS SIYABIT used as head coveringwoven by the tausugof sulu. And also the MALONG that is worn by women as a dress and by men as a trousers. Malonghas exquisitetapestry panel called LANGKIT woven by the Maranao of lanao del sur. Other forms also includematand basket weaving. The double-lyers tepo mat of the Sama of Tawi-tawi made of pandan leaves is a remarkableexample of a mundane or everyday object with high artistic value. Another example is fromItbayat, batanes called ovaloid baskets madeof nito and bamboo that are used as ahead slingto carry harvests. Weavingtechniques are also used to create agricultural purposes likethe BUBO from ilocos region used to catch fish.
  • 3. Ornamentations can also beseen during pre-colonial period liketattoos and jewelries which is still a formof art. It is illustrated in the maunuscriptcalled BOXER CODEX that featured representations of various ethnolinguisticgroups.An upper class Visayans areshown fully covered in tattoo called the PINTADOS Whilethe upper class Tagalogwears gold jewelry. They believed that jewelry make the wearer become more attractive. One of the famous jewelry from pre-colonial period is the LINGLING-O a kind of ear pendant fashioned from green nephrite (jade) that is found in duyong cave, palawan Some metalworks are also presentin this period such as the LOTOANS or BETEL NUT BOXES of various shapes,made of brass or bronze produced by the maranao of lanao del sur. The design of lotoan is achieved through a special techniqueof metal castingcalled LOST WAX or CIRE PERDUE which a process involves the use of molds filled with liquefied metal that eventually hardens and when the mold is removed the design revealed The other vessel that employ the same techniques arethe brass KENDI that is used for pouringliquids and theGADUR that is used as a container.