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Academic Library Collection Development: Current Landscape, Future Trends

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Levine-Clark, Michael, “Academic Library Collection Development: Current Landscape, Future Trends,” GALILEO Interconnected Libraries Webcast, December 14, 2011.

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Academic Library Collection Development: Current Landscape, Future Trends

  1. 1. Academic Library Collection Development:Current Landscape, Future Trends GALILEO Interconnected Libraries December 14, 2011 Michael Levine-Clark Collections Librarian University of Denver michael.levine-clark@du.edu
  2. 2. 1990
  3. 3. 1990
  4. 4. Looking into the Future 5 years  Monographs  Print/electronic mix – still transitional  DDA predominant for e-books  Journals  Fewer big deals  More article-level purchasing  Nontraditional stuff  Images  Data
  5. 5. Looking (a bit further) into the Future 10 years  Monographs  Mostly electronic  Mostly DDA  Local POD  Journals  Medium deals  Articles on-demand  Smaller (and shrinking) print collections
  6. 6. Trends to Consider
  7. 7. E-Books
  8. 8. Slow Adoption of E-Books Scholarly content not yet there  30% available simultaneously* as e/p  Publisher fears  Diminished sales  Course adoption  Librarian concerns  DRM  Patrons want print (or so we say) *Defined by YBP Library Services as 2 months
  9. 9. E-Book Developments Rapid expansion (even in scholarly publishing) Embrace of e-book readers  Kindle! (and others) Demand-driven acquisition (DDA)
  10. 10. Libraries are Doing it Wrong
  11. 11. Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA)
  12. 12. Definitions Patron-Driven Acquisition (PDA)  Faculty Requests/Input  Use Data Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA)  Meets immediate need
  13. 13. Why DDA?
  14. 14. Annual Book Production, 2009 1200000 1000000 800000 600000 400000 200000 0 DU Purchases North All United World American States (UNESCO) Scholarly (YBP)
  15. 15. DDA Opportunity YBP JULY 2010 - JUNE 2011 PDA Opportunity Slip New Print Notifications Publisher Titles Notifications % Ordered SentSpringer 3,261 1,177,454 4%Wiley 2,881 1,219,333 7%Oxford 2,146 921,359 11%Routledge 2,200 1,099,110 8%Cambridge 1,551 736,043 11%Palgrave Macmillan 1,310 1,006,981 8%McGraw-Hill 637 218,244 6%HarperCollins 410 144,881 11%ABC-CLIO 409 214,167 8%Continuum 518 243,636 8%Brill (& Nijhoff) 573 197,895 8%Penguin Putnam 447 169,820 13%
  16. 16. U of Denver - Books Cataloged 2000-2004 (126,953 Titles) 4+ uses, 18.8% 0 uses, 39.6% 3 uses, 8.2% 2 uses, 12.8% 1 use, 20.6%
  17. 17. U of Denver - Books Cataloged 2000-2004 (126,953 Titles) 4+ uses, $1,084, 576 0 3 uses, $2,284, uses, $473,06 532 0 2 1 uses, $738,43 use, $1,188,4 5 18
  18. 18. Demand-Driven Acquisitions Goals Broaden the collection  More titles  More publishers  More subjects Match acquisitions to immediate demand  Pay at point of need  Pay for amount of need  Short-term loans  Purchase-on-demand
  19. 19. Redefining the Collection Everything we can provide in a timely manner Ultimately, bounded only by budget
  20. 20. University of Denver eBook Library (EBL) Began May 2010 Loaded 42,000 records into catalog (now 65,000) No budget for FY 2010 Budgeted $150,000 for FY 2011
  21. 21. The EBL Model First five minutes free STL for three uses  One day or one week  10-15% list price Purchase on fourth use  List price
  22. 22. University of Denver EBL Data (5/1/10-6/30/11) Actual List325 titles purchased $23,753 $23,7533,599 titles with at least $49,171 $236,037one STL6,477 titles with at least $0 $473,378one browseTotal (10,076 titles) $72,924 $733,168Savings $660,244
  23. 23. DDA Implications Is there a role for consortia?  Tension between shared discount/local needs Immediate access vs. stewardship of the cultural record  Access  Better served by DDA  Stewardship of potential acquisitions  Portico, LOCKSS, Publishers
  24. 24. DDA for the Long Haul The Consideration Pool  Everything available for potential acquisition  Linked to budget size  Managed by broad rules (like approval plan)  Titles move in/out of pool  Records move in/out of discovery tools
  25. 25. E-Book Prediction Most monographs  English-language approval plan  Non-English approval (a bit further out) Acquire on demand  As e-book  STL or purchase  By the chapter or volume  As local print-on-demand  Make accessible all that we can afford
  26. 26. A Book Discovery Problem Books  Articles  Lots of words  Fewer words  Not much metadata  More metadata  Lost opportunity  Abstract  Full-text searching  Chapter-level metadataChristopher C. Brown, “NextGen Information Environment: A Paradigm Shift in InformationDiscovery,” Colorado Association of Libraries CALCON11, Loveland, Colorado, October 15, 2011.
  27. 27. E-Book Discovery Must take advantage of full-text  Can drive users to print  Users must have clear choice of format Will drive acquisition Must work with e-readers
  28. 28. DDA, E-Books, Scholarly Publishing
  29. 29. Implications for Publishers Campus-wide access to e-books might cannibalize sales DDA removes predictability  Sales forecasts  Cost of keeping e-books available Frontlist/backlist blur STL/ILL = new revenue stream
  30. 30. Journals Are Easy, Right?
  31. 31. We’ve Figured Out Journals Digital Packages Easily shared
  32. 32. Or Have We? Is the Big Deal sustainable?  Based on a model of  Consolidating subscriptions  Maximizing market share  At the expense of other publishers, monographs  While our budgets shrink
  33. 33. A New Model Cambridge UP  $5.99  Read only  24 hours  Almost seamless
  34. 34. Other Options Article Purchasing Medium Deal? Small Deal? Purchase PDF  Limited title list  $25.00+  Multiple publishers  Rental/purchase of  Copyright many (most) (all) Clearance Center articles  Often seamless  Too expensive?
  35. 35. Article Discovery We do this well  Not dependent on ownership  (Often) full-text  Must integrate with discovery of owned content  Local journal holdings should be replaced by all articles accessible by any seamless access method
  36. 36. Disaggregation
  37. 37. Journal/Book Article/Chapter Pay for amount used Requires discovery at the article/chapter level What about entries in reference works? Major implications for publishers
  38. 38. E-Resources and ILL
  39. 39. Does ILL Make Sense for E- Resources? ILL a means to an end = access to material not in collection For e-resources, a short-term loan is a faster means to the same end  Potentially cheaper
  40. 40. STL and Discovery Clearinghouse(s) for STL of e- books/chapters/articles Integration into local discovery tools?
  41. 41. Shrinking Print Collections
  42. 42. Penrose Library1972 2012
  43. 43. The Decline of Legacy Print Collections Closing branch libraries Expansion of seating Loss of on-campus storage Full off-campus storage spaces Potential loss of off-campus storage
  44. 44. The Collective Print Collection Shared storage facilities/virtual shared storage Collaborative journal archiving  WEST, etc.  Notification about  Retention decisions  Holdings  Completeness  Local record of past holdings?
  45. 45. Storage and Serendipitous Discovery Low use monographs offsite  Need for better discovery (“I can’t browse anymore.”)  Digital surrogates  Electronic browsing option A real need?
  46. 46. Withdrawing Monographs Low use Duplicated by e  Hathi Trust  Public domain  Orphan works Duplicated elsewhere Readily purchasable  Used  POD How do users find the print?
  47. 47. Digital Collections – Issues and Concerns
  48. 48. Beyond Traditional Collections Institutional repositories Data sets Image collections Commercial primary source collections
  49. 49. Integrating Digital Collections Specialized interfaces Integration into library discovery tool(s)  Size  Scale
  50. 50. Migration, Preservation Local content  Data  Software  Metadata Licensed content  Consideration pool  Library, publisher, third party?
  51. 51. Use Data Can Help Us
  52. 52. Data-Driven Decisions Make DDA possible Help with weeding/storage Inform future collecting practices Have weight with the administration
  53. 53. Thank You Michael Levine-Clarkmichael.levine-clark@du.edu

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