US – Library and Book Trade Almanac 2010, p. 485. 2009 preliminary data.
Data from Michael Zeoli, YBP Library Services.
325 titles purchased – not included in Total (10,076) since they are also part of the list of titles with at least one STL. 3,599 titles with at least one STL. Total Number of STLs is 5,337 across those 3,599 titlesCalculations of list price are based on the average cost of the 325 books actually purchased ($73.09)
Academic Library Collection Development: Current Landscape, Future Trends
Academic Library Collection Development:Current Landscape, Future Trends GALILEO Interconnected Libraries December 14, 2011 Michael Levine-Clark Collections Librarian University of Denver firstname.lastname@example.org
Looking into the Future 5 years Monographs Print/electronic mix – still transitional DDA predominant for e-books Journals Fewer big deals More article-level purchasing Nontraditional stuff Images Data
Looking (a bit further) into the Future 10 years Monographs Mostly electronic Mostly DDA Local POD Journals Medium deals Articles on-demand Smaller (and shrinking) print collections
Demand-Driven Acquisitions Goals Broaden the collection More titles More publishers More subjects Match acquisitions to immediate demand Pay at point of need Pay for amount of need Short-term loans Purchase-on-demand
Redefining the Collection Everything we can provide in a timely manner Ultimately, bounded only by budget
University of Denver eBook Library (EBL) Began May 2010 Loaded 42,000 records into catalog (now 65,000) No budget for FY 2010 Budgeted $150,000 for FY 2011
The EBL Model First five minutes free STL for three uses One day or one week 10-15% list price Purchase on fourth use List price
University of Denver EBL Data (5/1/10-6/30/11) Actual List325 titles purchased $23,753 $23,7533,599 titles with at least $49,171 $236,037one STL6,477 titles with at least $0 $473,378one browseTotal (10,076 titles) $72,924 $733,168Savings $660,244
DDA Implications Is there a role for consortia? Tension between shared discount/local needs Immediate access vs. stewardship of the cultural record Access Better served by DDA Stewardship of potential acquisitions Portico, LOCKSS, Publishers
DDA for the Long Haul The Consideration Pool Everything available for potential acquisition Linked to budget size Managed by broad rules (like approval plan) Titles move in/out of pool Records move in/out of discovery tools
E-Book Prediction Most monographs English-language approval plan Non-English approval (a bit further out) Acquire on demand As e-book STL or purchase By the chapter or volume As local print-on-demand Make accessible all that we can afford
A Book Discovery Problem Books Articles Lots of words Fewer words Not much metadata More metadata Lost opportunity Abstract Full-text searching Chapter-level metadataChristopher C. Brown, “NextGen Information Environment: A Paradigm Shift in InformationDiscovery,” Colorado Association of Libraries CALCON11, Loveland, Colorado, October 15, 2011.
E-Book Discovery Must take advantage of full-text Can drive users to print Users must have clear choice of format Will drive acquisition Must work with e-readers
We’ve Figured Out Journals Digital Packages Easily shared
Or Have We? Is the Big Deal sustainable? Based on a model of Consolidating subscriptions Maximizing market share At the expense of other publishers, monographs While our budgets shrink
A New Model Cambridge UP $5.99 Read only 24 hours Almost seamless
Other Options Article Purchasing Medium Deal? Small Deal? Purchase PDF Limited title list $25.00+ Multiple publishers Rental/purchase of Copyright many (most) (all) Clearance Center articles Often seamless Too expensive?
Article Discovery We do this well Not dependent on ownership (Often) full-text Must integrate with discovery of owned content Local journal holdings should be replaced by all articles accessible by any seamless access method
The Decline of Legacy Print Collections Closing branch libraries Expansion of seating Loss of on-campus storage Full off-campus storage spaces Potential loss of off-campus storage
The Collective Print Collection Shared storage facilities/virtual shared storage Collaborative journal archiving WEST, etc. Notification about Retention decisions Holdings Completeness Local record of past holdings?
Storage and Serendipitous Discovery Low use monographs offsite Need for better discovery (“I can’t browse anymore.”) Digital surrogates Electronic browsing option A real need?
Withdrawing Monographs Low use Duplicated by e Hathi Trust Public domain Orphan works Duplicated elsewhere Readily purchasable Used POD How do users find the print?