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Traffic jam in dhaka
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Presentation on research proposal on traffic jam in dhaka city by Md. Litan Mia, JKKNIU.

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Education purpose Research Proposal

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Presentation on research proposal on traffic jam in dhaka city by Md. Litan Mia, JKKNIU.

  1. 1. Welcome to the presentation Research Proposal on Traffic Jam in Dhaka City Presented By: (7 Star Group) 1. Chaitali Rema 2. Sajal Baidya 3. Md. Kamrozzaman Talukder 4. Nasima Zaman 5. Chonda Hawee 6. Rebeka Sultana 7. Md. Litan Mia Presented To: Mr. Md. Ashraful Alam Assistant Prof. & Head (HRM Department) Jatiya Kabi kazi nazrul islam university Date: 28/01/2017
  2. 2. Contents of the presentation:  Introduction/Statement of the Research Problem.  Rational of the Study.  Objectives of Research Proposal.  Literature Review of Study proposal.  Methodology of Proposed Research.  Data Analysis Procedure.  Potential Ethical Issues/Consideration.  Conclusion/ last words & Thanks.
  3. 3. Introduction/Statement of the Research Problem  Dhaka city’s traffic system is considered to be one of the most chaotic ones in the world. The residents are compelled to undergo physical stress and suffer financial losses in terms of man-hours lost on working days.  Various attempts were taken to reduce the intensity of traffic problem in Dhaka City. Yet, there was no improvement in the traffic situation.  Over 95% Vehicles does not comply with MVA*. Traffic signalling system is ineffective during rush hours.  Elevated expressways, subways and multi-layer fly-over across the city hold the key to solving the Problem.  Due to traffic jam, we are suffering economically, physically and even mentally. So, we want to work on this vital issue to find out the causes and suggest some realistic possible solutions and their economic impact on the people of Dhaka city.
  4. 4. Rational of the Study  Dhaka city has one of the worst traffic congestion conditions in the whole world.  The flyovers, under-pass, elevated roads, underground commuter systems are very common in many of the world’s metropolis but very few in Dhaka.  The time of offices, schools, markets are unsynchronized.  We need to Know the economic, health & environmental impact of Traffic jam.  Overall, finding the cause, effect/impact & possible solutions of Traffic Jam in Dhaka City are the main reasons of the study.
  5. 5. Objectives of Research Proposal:  Broad objective is to find out the possible causes & effect of traffic jam in Dhaka City and to figure out the possible solutions.  Specific Objectives: Objective and Scope of the study is limited to -  i. Find out all the possible causes of traffic jam in Dhaka city.  ii. Find out the all possible solutions for the traffic jam in Dhaka city.  iii. Rank the problems and solutions according to their impacts and importance.  iv. Economic impact and benefit analysis of the problems and solutions on the basis of: i) Fuel Consumption ii) Transportation Cost
  6. 6. Md. Asadullah Khan has described the scenario of traffic jam in Dhaka city in Daily Star with the title “When shall we get rid of Dhaka city traffic jam?”, published on October 20, 2007 .According to him with a huge fleet of cars, buses and all other types of vehicles gridlocked near a rail gate or road intersection. People are afraid to get out of their houses because of late in the offices, work places or on any scheduled appointments, mental disgust, exhaustion and loss of effective man hours is a colossal drain on the resources of the whole country. Literature Review of Study proposal.
  7. 7. Literature Review of Study proposal (Cont.…)  According to DCC there are about one lakh licensed rickshaws in the city but unofficially perhaps four lakh rickshaws are plying on the city roads. Due to rickshaws on the same road lane, the fast moving transports can hardly make 15 to 20 km per hour.  Mr. Md. Masud Karim Says, ‘Worsening situation of traffic congestion in the streets and sufferings of the inhabitants from vehicle emissions demand extensive research in this field’.  ‘The Greater Dhaka Metropolitan Area Integrated Transport Study', funded by the United Nations Development Program; recommended an immediate action plan and a long-term strategy to improve transport infrastructure in the Greater Metropolitan area of Dhaka.
  8. 8. Literature Review of Study proposal (Cont.…) • Mr. AH Jaffor Ullah mentioned that, ‘One could see the crawling vehicles, as far as the eyes would allow one to see, lining up the avenues near the bustling intersections. Intersections clearly indicates that Dhaka’s road system is unplanned from the very beginning’. • BIWTA conducted a research on “Water way around Dhaka City, ‘According to them, if alternative water way can be introduced around the Dhaka city, traffic jam can be reduced. Government has tried But due to some environmental and seasonal factors this project failed’.
  9. 9. Literature Review of Study proposal (Cont.…) • Shuichi and Hironao have shown in their study that by improving traffic signaling strategies can improve the traffic situation of the street cars. • Syed Saiful Alam Shovan has shown interesting findings on fuel consumption and environmental impact of rickshaw in Dhaka City. Most trips in Dhaka are short in distance, usually one to five kilometers. These trips are perfect of Rickshaws. Rickshaws are cheap, popular, safe, environmentally friendly and do not rely on fossil fuels.
  10. 10. Literature Review of Study proposal (Cont.…) • As per DUTP-1998 data, Rickshaws took up 38% of road space while transporting 54% of passengers, but private cars took up 34% of road space while only transporting 9% of the population in Dhaka city. • Every year the Rickshaw saves 100 billion taka in environmental damage. Blaming Rickshaws, but Traffic is still as bad now as it was before the Rickshaws were banned on major roads. • According to the knowledge reviews showing that due to lack of effective planning and proper focusing on the issues of traffic jam in Dhaka city, it has become a serious problem now a days. So, Adequate research and some alternative solutions might give us some hope and light to
  11. 11. Methodology of Proposed Research: 01. Both qualitative & quantities data will be collected for research. The study will cover Dhaka cities most Traffic jammed area, stakeholder & regulatory authority. 02. Our data is required from all the stakeholders related to traffic jams. We have covered a. People who are suffering traffic jams, b. Researchers who are working on it and c. Government officials who are in the organizations to make rules. 03. Data will collect from both Primary & Secondary sources. Primary Sources:- a. Focused Group discussion, b. Questionnaire survey, c. Direct observation, & d. Personal Interview. Secondary Sources:- a. Related journals and articles, b. Website articles, c. Articles from Government/ Non-government organizations & d. Previous works on the related issue.
  12. 12. Methodology of Proposed Research (Cont.…) 04. Data Collection Mechanism/Research Question i) We will gone through a focused group discussion to get or/and find out the possible causes of traffic jam. ii) We will prepare a structured questionnaire directly to the people. iii) We will interview some government high officials from RAJUK, and DTCB to get to know their views and government plans. iv) We will talk to faculty members of Civil Engineering and Urban Resource and planning department, BUET to get to know about the planners view about the traffic jam. v) We will also talk to the director of Accident Research Institute about the traffic jam issue and get to know some more details about the impact of traffic jam Dhaka City.
  13. 13. Methodology of Proposed Research (Cont.…) 05. Data to be collected (Questionnaires): 1.What are causes or source of Traffic Jam in Dhaka City 2.Wastage of Energy Data: Observational technique – Hours/Minutes of waiting for each of the modes of transport. 3. Fuel usages per hour by each of the modes of transport 4. Perception of local residents regarding air pollution 5. Type and nature of health hazards from air pollution 6. Traffic congestion is causing wastage of energy like petroleum, diesel, CNG etc. 7. How timing of offices, schools & markets impacted on Traffic jam & health & what will be the way of improve. 8. Unawareness about the damaging effect of air pollution on health. 9. Sought out the guideline/Solutions to reduce Traffic Jam.
  14. 14. Methodology of Proposed Research (Cont.…) Sampling Design: 1) Multi-stage sampling procedure will be followed. In the first stage 20 areas will be selected within Dhaka city. 2) In the second stage, 100 individuals/ residents will be selected. 3) Prior information about traffic jam intensity available from existing study will be used as a guide. 4) Data Table: Name of the Area 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Index of Traffic Jam Cumulative Index Selected sample Data ble:
  15. 15. Data Analysis Procedure:  Data will be tabulated and analyzed by different statistical tools. Data analyzing software or program will be used on demand.  1. Description of traffic congestion: Pie-Chart, Bar Chart.  2. Regression analysis, Correlation test, Chai square test & Calculation of energy wastage etc. Potential Ethical Issues/Consideration: The researcher will follow the ethical issues concerned with the researcher such as avoiding bias, provision or deprivation of a treatment, using appropriate research methodology; correct reporting, information validation, cross cheek, perfect questionnaires, observation & interview. Outmost care will ensure for using secondary data. Data collection, observation & all other activities will conducted by different group of people.
  16. 16. Conclusion/ last words: Dhaka City is the capital of Bangladesh which is a least developed country. By reducing traffic jam, this city can play a very important role for the country and at the same it can also bring relief and peace for the citizens by ensuring healthy environment free from noise and pollution. Our focus should be the solution of traffic jam, strong economy and healthy environment. As a result, we ‘Seven Star’ group proposed to research on Traffic Jam in Dhaka city.
  17. 17. Thanks a lot for your Patience hearing
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