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THE END
THE ENDBegin with the end in mind
Begin with the End in Mind
Learn how to set up
your camera.
READ your manual.
Auto or Program?
Automatic Mode
The camera makes most
of the decisions for you.
• ISO
• White balance
• Flash
Auto or Program?
Programmed
Auto (Flexible)
The camera
automatically selects
aperture and shutter
speed - you do the rest.
Shutter Priority
You select the
Shutter Speed,
the camera
determines the
correct Aperture.
Aperture Priority
You select the
Aperture (f-stop,
lens opening),
the camera
determines the
correct shutter
speed.
Size
Quality
White
Balance
ISO
4 most important settings
Size Matters
7 MP
10MP
12MP
5 MP
(million pixels)
Pixel Dimensions
aka File Size, or Resolution
Width x Height
Eg. 4000 x 3000 pixels
= 12 Mega Pixels
Pixel Dimensions
Example: Image size options of a Nikon D40x
Small 1936 x 1296 = 2.5 MP
Medium 2896 x 1944 = 5.6 MP
Large ...
Pixel Dimensions
By comparison a file going into a
screen presentation only needs to be:
900 x 600 pixels = 0.54 MP
Compression
•JPGS are small because
they are compressed
•Lossy compression
•Throws out file information
•A little or a lot...
Compression
Normal - Fine - Super Fine
Basic - Normal - Fine
Good - Better - Best
Always use the highest possible
compress...
ISO
Measure of Sensitivity
of the camera sensor
ISO
Bright Sun
100 or 200 ISO
ISO
Overcast or late day
400 ISO
ISO
Night or Indoor
800 ISO or higher
ISO
As ISO increases,
so does NOISE
ISO 80 ISO 1600
ISO 80 ISO 1600
ISO 1600
ISO 1600
WHITE BALANCE
The colour
temperature
of light
WHITE BALANCE
Type of Light Colour Temp. deg. K
Candle Flame 1,500
Tungsten, Incandescent 3,000
Sunrise, Sunset 3,500
Midd...
WHITE BALANCE
Cameras measure the
colour of light reflected
from the scene
WHITE BALANCE
A large brightly coloured
area can effect your
Auto WB readings.
In those cases you may
have to use a pre-set to
get a better result.
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLES
PHOTO COLOUR
WHEEL
R
G
B C
M
Y
Warm colours
Cool colours
Histogram
Histogram
Back of the camera showing Histogram preview
Histogram
Histogram
Histogram
Exposure
Compensation
+/-
Exposure
Compensation
Histogram indicates
underexposure,
so not enough light.
Add light using +
Exposure
Compensation
Histogram indicates
overexposure,
so too much light
Subtract light using -
Exposure
Compensation
2..1..0..1..2+-
Exposure
Compensation
THE END
This time it’s for real.
ImageMaven Setting Up Your Digital Camera
ImageMaven Setting Up Your Digital Camera
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ImageMaven Setting Up Your Digital Camera

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How to set up your digital camera for optimum jpg shooting. Includes File size, File Quality, ISO, White Balance, reading the Histogram and Exposure compensation

Published in: Education

ImageMaven Setting Up Your Digital Camera

  1. 1. THE END
  2. 2. THE ENDBegin with the end in mind
  3. 3. Begin with the End in Mind Learn how to set up your camera. READ your manual.
  4. 4. Auto or Program? Automatic Mode The camera makes most of the decisions for you. • ISO • White balance • Flash
  5. 5. Auto or Program? Programmed Auto (Flexible) The camera automatically selects aperture and shutter speed - you do the rest.
  6. 6. Shutter Priority You select the Shutter Speed, the camera determines the correct Aperture.
  7. 7. Aperture Priority You select the Aperture (f-stop, lens opening), the camera determines the correct shutter speed.
  8. 8. Size Quality White Balance ISO 4 most important settings
  9. 9. Size Matters 7 MP 10MP 12MP 5 MP (million pixels)
  10. 10. Pixel Dimensions aka File Size, or Resolution Width x Height Eg. 4000 x 3000 pixels = 12 Mega Pixels
  11. 11. Pixel Dimensions Example: Image size options of a Nikon D40x Small 1936 x 1296 = 2.5 MP Medium 2896 x 1944 = 5.6 MP Large 3872 x 2592 = 10 MP
  12. 12. Pixel Dimensions By comparison a file going into a screen presentation only needs to be: 900 x 600 pixels = 0.54 MP
  13. 13. Compression •JPGS are small because they are compressed •Lossy compression •Throws out file information •A little or a lot depending on the quality
  14. 14. Compression Normal - Fine - Super Fine Basic - Normal - Fine Good - Better - Best Always use the highest possible compression quality
  15. 15. ISO Measure of Sensitivity of the camera sensor
  16. 16. ISO Bright Sun 100 or 200 ISO
  17. 17. ISO Overcast or late day 400 ISO
  18. 18. ISO Night or Indoor 800 ISO or higher
  19. 19. ISO As ISO increases, so does NOISE
  20. 20. ISO 80 ISO 1600
  21. 21. ISO 80 ISO 1600
  22. 22. ISO 1600
  23. 23. ISO 1600
  24. 24. WHITE BALANCE The colour temperature of light
  25. 25. WHITE BALANCE Type of Light Colour Temp. deg. K Candle Flame 1,500 Tungsten, Incandescent 3,000 Sunrise, Sunset 3,500 Midday Sun, Flash 5,500 Bright Sun, Clear sky 6,000 Cloudy Sky, Shade 7,000 Blue Sky 9,000
  26. 26. WHITE BALANCE Cameras measure the colour of light reflected from the scene
  27. 27. WHITE BALANCE A large brightly coloured area can effect your Auto WB readings.
  28. 28. In those cases you may have to use a pre-set to get a better result.
  29. 29. WB Pre-sets
  30. 30. WB Pre-sets
  31. 31. WB Pre-sets
  32. 32. WB Pre-sets
  33. 33. WB Pre-sets
  34. 34. EXAMPLES
  35. 35. EXAMPLES
  36. 36. EXAMPLES
  37. 37. EXAMPLES
  38. 38. EXAMPLES
  39. 39. EXAMPLES
  40. 40. PHOTO COLOUR WHEEL R G B C M Y Warm colours Cool colours
  41. 41. Histogram
  42. 42. Histogram Back of the camera showing Histogram preview
  43. 43. Histogram
  44. 44. Histogram
  45. 45. Histogram
  46. 46. Exposure Compensation +/-
  47. 47. Exposure Compensation Histogram indicates underexposure, so not enough light. Add light using +
  48. 48. Exposure Compensation Histogram indicates overexposure, so too much light Subtract light using -
  49. 49. Exposure Compensation 2..1..0..1..2+-
  50. 50. Exposure Compensation
  51. 51. THE END This time it’s for real.

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