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The Spanish Era


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Published in: Education, Business

The Spanish Era

  1. 1. The spanish era <br />Towards the Hispanization of the Natives<br />
  2. 2. Spanish integration<br />The Spaniards integrated into the Philippine society their <br /><ul><li>Religion
  3. 3. Language
  4. 4. Custom
  5. 5. Arts and
  6. 6. sciences.</li></li></ul><li>Union of Church and state<br />The Colonial Administration shared the power of governance with the Church. <br />The church meddled with governmental functions and this led to the supremacy of the Church over the Government. <br />
  7. 7. Reduccion<br />The Spanish authorities clustered the Filipino population into village settlements where they could more easily be instructed.<br />Spanish urbanization was centered in the city of Manila, within a walled city called Intramuros.<br />
  8. 8. Intramuros<br />
  9. 9. Churches<br />
  10. 10. Churches<br />
  11. 11. SCHOOLS<br />
  12. 12. roads<br />
  13. 13. Bahaynabato<br />
  14. 14. Bahaynabato<br />comedor<br />azotea<br />
  15. 15. Social structure<br />
  16. 16. Social structure<br /><ul><li>Peninsulares = Spaniards who grew up in Spain
  17. 17. Insulares = Spaniards who grew up in the Philippines
  18. 18. Spanish Mestizos = half-Spaniards
  19. 19. Principalia = former Filipino tribe leaders before the invasion of Spain (datus, rajahs, maharlikas and others)
  20. 20. Chinese Mestizos = half-Chinese
  21. 21. Chinese = Chinese living in the Philippines
  22. 22. ‘Indios’ = what the Spaniards derogatorily call the Filipinos</li></li></ul><li>education<br />Education in the prehispanic period is informal. The children are only taught by their parents in vocations that can be used in their everyday lives. <br />But with the coming of the Spaniards, education was formalized and it focused on the doctrines of Christianity.<br />
  23. 23. education<br />The subjects taught were catechism, reading and writing in the dialect, music, arithmetic, and trades and industries.<br />The Spanish aristocracy tried to distinguish themselves from indios through the use of language and level of education.<br />
  24. 24. education<br />Higher education was established exclusively for Spaniards and Filipinos, referring to those born in the colony to Spanish parents.<br />Colleges and universities were closed to indios.<br />
  25. 25. education<br />Colleges, which later, became universities, were also established. Examples of these are: University of Sto.Tomas, Ateneo de Manila, San Juan de Letran, etc. Schools and nunnery for women were also introduced.<br />
  26. 26. education<br />School for boys were separated from that of the girls. Courses such as Law, Medicine, Engineering were limited only to males. Females were given special education in the colegio (regular schools for girls) and in the beaterio (combined school and nunnery).<br />
  27. 27. Printed books and published materials<br /><ul><li>Doctrina Christiana (1593)
  28. 28. Pasion
  29. 29. Doce Pares de Francia, Bernardo Carpio, Adela at Florante written by Jose de la Cruz
  30. 30. Lam-Ang by Pedro Bukaneg
  31. 31. Florante at Laura by Francisco Baltazar</li></li></ul><li>Development of infrastructure and public utilities<br />Ferrocaril de Manila: the only railway line in the archipelago, which was constructed using mainly Filipino labor. By 1892, five street car service lines connected the primate city with the suburbs with horse-drawn cars. <br />
  32. 32. Development of infrastructure and public utilities<br />Puente Colgante (Quezon bridge): the first suspension bridge in the Far East. <br />Public Lighting System: used with coconut oil as fuel (1814). By 1893, the walled city (Intramuros) and suburbs were already powered by electricity, with the founding of the La Electricista de Manila.<br />
  33. 33. Galleon trade<br />Through the galleon trade (derived from the name of the ships used to transport goods from one country to another), American-Asian commerce flourished, but only a very few privileged Spaniards were benefited.<br />
  34. 34. Galleon trade<br />
  35. 35. Christianity<br />Christianity is considered as Spain’s greatest and lasting legacy in the country.<br />The Christianization (Roman Catholic) of the Filipinos was really the most outstanding achievement of the Spanish missionaries. And as a result of the missionaries’ apostolic labors, the Filipino people have become uniquely the only Christian nation in the entire Asian world.<br />
  36. 36. Christianity<br />The Spaniards converted much of the Philippines to Christianity except for Mindanao and Sulu.<br />The striking resemblances between the pre-colonial religion and Catholicism have made the latter acceptable to the local inhabitants.<br />
  37. 37. Images of Catholicism<br />
  38. 38. Images of Catholicism<br />Pahiyas<br />
  39. 39. Images of Catholicism<br />Dancing in Obando<br />
  40. 40. Images of Catholicism<br />Peñafrancia Festival<br />