NATIONALISM Patriotism to an excessive degree Aspirations for national independence in a country under foreign domination. Love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
NATIONALISM Problem is… • the elites identified themselves more with the Spaniards, and later with the Americans than with their countrymen
BIRTH OF NATIONALISM Education Ilustrados: Filipinos who are learned / enlightened by education Jesuit-run schools Ateneo Municipal Escuela Normal de Maestros
BIRTH OF NATIONALISM Economics Opening of the country to World Trade in 1834 Seaports: Sual (Pangasinan) Iloilo and Zamboanga 1855 Cebu (1860) Legaspi and Leyte (1873)
BIRTH OF NATIONALISMSECULARIZATION MOVEMENT Feb. 1872 Secular priests were appointed as the administrators of new parishes
SECULARIZATION This movement demanded the handling REGULAR CLERGY over the parishes from Spanish Friars the regular clergy (Dominicans, Parishes Parishes Parishes Franciscans, Recollects etc. who were Spanish friars), to secular SECULAR PRIESTS SECULAR PRIESTS SECULAR PRIESTS priests, most of whomFilipino Priests Filipino Priests Filipino Priests were Filipinos.
Cavite MutinyStarted when Filipinosworking in Cavitewere heavily taxed.Led by Ferdinand LaMadrid
The three secular priests were implicated in the Cavite Mutiny. They were ordered by Governor-General Rafael Izquierdo to be executed.
a. Jose Burgos (35) – Spaniard born in the Philippines, parish priest of the Manila Cathedral. Friend of Paciano Rizalb. Jacinto Zamora (36) – Spaniard born in the Philippines and a parish priest of Marikina, played cardsc. Mariano Gomez (73) – parish priest of Bacoor, Cavite, Chinese half-breed
They were executed inBagumbayan (Luneta)through Garrote.
Paciano Rizalwitnessed theevent andmentioned itto his brotherJose.
AIMS OF THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENTThey called for the assimilation of thePhilippines as a province of Spain>so that the same laws will be applied inthe Philippines>the inhabitants of the Philippines willexperience the same civil liberties andrights as that of a Spanish citizen
1. It aimed for legal equalityA between Spaniards and FilipinosI 2. Philippine representation in the Spanish CortesM (parliament) 3. Free speech and associationS 4. And an end to the annual obligation of forced labor
Why did the Propaganda Movement fail?1. The Spanish government did not agree to any of its demands.2. The friars were busy collecting money and making themselves rich3. Many of the members wanted true change but were cautious of their wealth.4. There was a quarrel between Rizal and Del Pilar5. No strong leader aside from Rizal
Rizal came home and onJuly 3, 1892 he established the LA LIGA FILIPINA 3 days later, July 6, 1892, Rizal was arrested on orders of G.G. Despujol and exiled on July 7 to DAPITAN, Zamboanga.