• Enterprise resource planning (ERP) covers the techniques the methods employed for the integrated management of businesses as a whole from the viewpoint of the efficient use of the management resources , to improve the efficiency of an enterprise.• ERP packages are integrated software packages that support the above ERP concepts.
• ERP Lifecycle highlights the various stages in the implementation of ERP .• The ERP implementation project goes through these different phases of the ERP lifecycle implementation.
Pre-evaluation Screening Package Evaluation Project Planning phase GAP analysis Reengineering Customization Implementation Team Training Testing Going Live End-User Training Post Implementation
Company Management Pre-selection Process ERP Vendors Package Evaluation Project Planning Gap Analysis Reengineering Configuration Implementation Team Training Testing End- user Training Going Live Post-Implementation PhaseERP implementation Life Cycle
• It is in this phase that human factors are taken into consideration.• While every implementation is going to involve a significant change in number of employees and their job responsibilities, as the process becomes more automated and efficient, it is best to treat ERP as an investment as well as cost cutting measure rather than a downsizing tool.
6.Customization – In this phase, the ERP package is modified to suit the business processes of the organization7.Implementation team training : • This is the phase where the company trains its employees to implement and later run the system. • Takes place along with the process of implementation. • Employee become self sufficient to implement the software after the vendors and consultant have left.
1.Testing –– This is the phase were the system that is being implemented is tested for any problems, bugs, errors, etc.9.Going live –– This is the phase where ERP is made available to the entire organization.– The system is officially proclaimed.– Once the system is live the old system is removed and the new system is used for doing the business.
10.End-user training – This is the phase where the actual users of the system will be given training on how to use the system. 11.Post implementation – To reap the fruit of the implementation it is very important that the system has wide acceptance. There should be enough employees who are trained to handle problems those crops up time to time. The system must be updated with the change in technology