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Lauren de la Parra MAS2019


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Presentation for the Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference on March 29, 2019 in Cambridge, MA

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Lauren de la Parra MAS2019

  1. 1. Shaping the Future of Land Use in MA Local Tools and Strategies March 29, 2019 Lauren de la Parra, Coordinator MA Sustainable Communities & Campuses Conference Cambridge, MA
  2. 2. Overview • Development and Climate Change • Tools for Sustainable Land Use Planning • Mass Audubon Resources • LID Fact Sheets • Mapping and Prioritizing Parcels for Resilience (MAPPR) • Bylaw Review • State Resources • Community Preservation Act (CPA) • Municipal Vulnerability Preparedness Program (MVP) • Questions
  3. 3. What’s the problem? Development is sprawling
  4. 4. Losing Ground Losing Ground, Mass Audubon, 2014
  5. 5. Natural Lands for Resiliency and Values • Carbon sequestration • Clean Water • Food • Flood prevention • Habitat • Tourism • Recreation • Health • Property Values • Quality of Life
  6. 6. Sources: MAPC and Mass Housing Partnership • 400,000 new housing units needed in Metro Boston area • Current housing shortage 38,000 • Workforce housing needed – affordable and mid-range Housing Projections 2010 – 2030
  7. 7. impervious surfacesincreased precipitation stormwater & WQ issues flooding & infrastructure damage increased temperature heat-related illnesses Climate change Sprawling Development stresses to natural environment
  8. 8. Low Impact Development (LID) • Treats water as a resource, not just a waste product • Manages stormwater as close to its source as possible • Preserves natural landscape by recreating natural features
  9. 9. Protect what we have & develop smarter Dual Threat - What do we do about it? 1. Conserve the natural GI already providing free ecosystem services 2. Integrate LID and green infrastructure design into development 3. Restore local resiliency through LID in redevelopment
  10. 10. Tools for Your Community Mass Audubon Resources: • LID Fact Sheets • Mapping and Prioritizing Parcels for Resilience (MAPPR) • Bylaw Review Tool State Resources: • Community Preservation Act (CPA) • Municipal Vulnerability Preparedness Program (MVP)
  11. 11. MAPPR: Mapping And Prioritizing Parcels for Resilience • Adjacent to Protected Land • Under-protected Settings BioMap2: Habitat, Biodiversity TNC Resilience: Climate Adaptation Critical Linkages: Ecological Connectivity • Parcel Size • Block Size
  12. 12. MAPPR: 3 Steps Select a study area Town, county, watershed, DFW district, or land trust region Choose model Choose a pre-calculated model (balanced, resilience, aquatic, or biological) Choose specific model values Run & Review Results Review results, including priority scoring and parcel ownership Adjust optional filters and constraints 1 2 3
  13. 13. Mapping Local Priorities Higher # of criteria Lower # of critera
  14. 14.
  15. 15. • Review existing bylaws • ID ends of “conventional” and “best” • Draft summary and recommendations • Edit, Submit • ID administrative vs. town meeting changes • Check up and alignment • Are your resilience goals reflected in your bylaws? • If so, how? • If not, what might barriers be? Bylaw Review: Why How
  16. 16. Factors Conventional Better Best GOAL 1: PROTECT NATURAL RESOURCES AND OPEN SPACE Soils managed for revegetation Not addressed Limitations on removal from site, and/or requirements for stabilization and revegetation Prohibit removal of topsoil from site. Require rototilling and other prep of soils compacted during construction Limit clearing, lawn size, require retention or planting of native vegetation/naturalized areas Not addressed or general qualitative statement not tied to other design standards Encourage minimization of clearing/ grubbing Require minimization of clearing/grubbing with specific standards Require native vegetation and trees Require or recommend invasive species Not addressed, or mixture of required plantings of native and nonnative Require at least 75% native plantings
  17. 17. Tools for Your Community Mass Audubon Resources: • LID Fact Sheets • Mapping and Prioritizing Parcels for Resilience (MAPPR) • Bylaw Review Tool State Resources: • Community Preservation Act (CPA) • Municipal Vulnerability Preparedness Program (MVP)
  18. 18. Community Preservation Act (CPA) • Adopted by ballot measure • 1-3% surcharge on local property taxes • State matching funds • 11.57% in FY 2020 • Additional rounds for 3% • At least 10% to each of: • Affordable Housing • Open Space and Recreation • Historic Preservation 175 communities
  19. 19. Planning Grant Open now, rolling applications through May 4, 2019 $15,000 - $100,000 Completed by June 30, 2020 Action Grant Open now, rolling applications through April 19, 2019 $25,000 - $2,000,000 Completed by June 30, 2020 Two MVP Grant Opportunities
  20. 20. Co-Benefits of Nature-Based Solutions
  21. 21. MVP Action Grants – Eligible Projects • Detailed vulnerability and risk assessment and further planning • Community outreach and education • Redesigns and retrofits • Energy resilience strategies • Nature-based solutions to reduce extreme heat and poor air quality • Nature-based flood protection, drought prevention, water quality and water infiltration techniques • Acquisition of land to achieve a resiliency objective • Local bylaws, ordinances, plans, standards, and other management measures • And more… MVP Ensuring Success Webinar Series vulnerability-preparedness-mvp-programs-tool
  22. 22. Resources for Nature-Based Solutions Bylaws/Ordinances • EEA’s Smart Growth Toolkit access to information on planning, zoning, subdivision, site design, and building construction techniques • Guide for Supporting LID in Local Land Use Regulations provides a framework for review of local zoning, rules, and regulations for a number of factors. Guidance/Case Studies • Naturally Resilient Communities successful project case studies from across the country to help communities learn and identify nature-based solutions • EPA’s Soak Up the Rain stormwater outreach tools, how-to guides and resources • EPA’s RAINE database of vulnerability, resilience and adaptation reports, plans and webpages at the state, regional and community level. • Climate Action Tool explore adaptation strategies and actions to help maintain healthy, resilient wildlife communities in the face of climate change. Cost/Benefit • EPA’s Green Infrastructure cost/cost-benefit/tools Database of tools for comparing solution costs • Massachusetts Division of Ecological Restoration’s economic benefits of aquatic restoration based on MA case studies • The Value of Nature-based Solutions by Center for Neighborhood Technology Mapping/Planning • Mapping and Prioritizing Parcels for Resilience (MAPPR) ID priority parcels for protection and climate change resilience • Living Shorelines in New England: State of the Practice and • Profile Pages for Solutions are case studies, siting criteria, and regulatory challenges for coastal resilience in New England. • Low Impact Development Fact Sheets cover valuing green infrastructure, conservation design and development, regulations, urban waters, and cost calculations. • Green Infrastructure Network models priority undeveloped, unprotected resilient land in the Taunton Watershed
  23. 23. Thank You! Questions?? Lauren de la Parra, Coordinator