Experiences and lessons learned from The Nile Basin Development Challenge
Simon Langan
NBDC Regional Stakeholder Dialogue,...
Agricultural Systems of the Nile
• Rainfed agriculture supported by
small scale irrigation is dominant
system in upstream ...
• Characterised by:
High population
Land is upland in nature
Farming is subsistence dominated
Small land holdings
High occ...
Land Degradation leads to sedimentation
downstream
Source:
Gebremichael et al.,
2013
Irrigation Reservoirs
Increased costs...
Nile BDC focus
Three dimensions
•Integrated
– Social
– Economic
– Technical
•Multiple scales
– (Households)
– Communities ...
Nile BDC approaches
• Biophysical, social and economic data collection and
analysis
• Local innovation platforms
• Communi...
Nile BDC monitoring
• Generation of primary data,
often so lacking in SSA. Use
data to drive models to
examine future scen...
Participatory planning and learning tools –
Wat-a-Game
Credit: Beth Cullen
Nile BDC Goblet Tool
Suitability mapping
of rainwater
management
strategies
National RWM Stakeholder Platform
So what can and has the Nile Basin Development
Challenge done ?
• Typically we talk more and more about
outcomes as oppose...
Outputs
• Data
• Book
• Meetings
• Training courses
• Advanced student thesis
• Papers
• Briefs
• Proceedings
• Pilots
Livelihoods
Innovation
Platforms
Participatory
Methods
Research outputs
Information on:
•Livelihood strategies, choices, c...
Outcomes (1)
• Skills
MSc students
PhD students
On job training
Specialised
Attitudes?
Outcomes (2)
Change in attitudes through key messages on
enhancing rainwater management
8 messages:
1.Local community empowerment and l...
Change in attitudes through key messages on
enhancing RMS
4. Creating, aligning and implementing incentives and risk
manag...
Achieved this through Partnership
1. Agricultural intensification and agricultural
water management at a watershed/ landscape
scale
2. Inclusive approach to...
How ??
• Feed into Government SLM- SSI-TF
• Develop Networks
• Future Projects
- Water, Land and Ecosystems
• Sustain Part...
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Experiences and lessons learned from The Nile Basin Development Challenge

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Presented by Simon Langan at the NBDC Regional Stakeholder Dialogue Workshop, Bahir Dar, 23–24 July 2013

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Experiences and lessons learned from The Nile Basin Development Challenge

  1. 1. Experiences and lessons learned from The Nile Basin Development Challenge Simon Langan NBDC Regional Stakeholder Dialogue, Bahir Dar, 23-24 July 2013
  2. 2. Agricultural Systems of the Nile • Rainfed agriculture supported by small scale irrigation is dominant system in upstream countries • Downstream countries, principally Egypt and Sudan dominated by large scale irrigated agriculture • Between these pastoralism and agro- pastoralism • Rainfed systems need to maximise loss through evapotranspiration and reduce other loss through capture and storage and reduce land degradation
  3. 3. • Characterised by: High population Land is upland in nature Farming is subsistence dominated Small land holdings High occurrence of poverty and food insecurity Land degradation is common Within the Blue Nile Basin Rainfed agriculture is the dominant system
  4. 4. Land Degradation leads to sedimentation downstream Source: Gebremichael et al., 2013 Irrigation Reservoirs Increased costs/ reduced efficiency Loss of storage Reduced yields and revenues Reduced life of turbines Inequality in distribution of water Reduced efficiency
  5. 5. Nile BDC focus Three dimensions •Integrated – Social – Economic – Technical •Multiple scales – (Households) – Communities and catchments – Blue Nile River Basin •Undertaken in partnership
  6. 6. Nile BDC approaches • Biophysical, social and economic data collection and analysis • Local innovation platforms • Community engagement through – digital stories – NRM Planning tools Wat-a-game and happy strategies – Participatory monitoring • Local planning processes • Scaling out and GIS • Biophysical, social, economic and integrated modeling
  7. 7. Nile BDC monitoring • Generation of primary data, often so lacking in SSA. Use data to drive models to examine future scenarios • Meteorology • Soil and groundwater • River discharge • Use both logged and community participatory co- operation
  8. 8. Participatory planning and learning tools – Wat-a-Game Credit: Beth Cullen
  9. 9. Nile BDC Goblet Tool Suitability mapping of rainwater management strategies
  10. 10. National RWM Stakeholder Platform
  11. 11. So what can and has the Nile Basin Development Challenge done ? • Typically we talk more and more about outcomes as opposed to outputs: • Outputs are tangible products- papers, reports etc • Outcomes are changes to peoples – skills, knowledge and attitudes- THE LEGACY
  12. 12. Outputs • Data • Book • Meetings • Training courses • Advanced student thesis • Papers • Briefs • Proceedings • Pilots
  13. 13. Livelihoods Innovation Platforms Participatory Methods Research outputs Information on: •Livelihood strategies, choices, constraints •Factors influencing adoption/lack of adoption •Drivers of landscape change (social and economic) •Research/implementation processes: participation, innovation platforms etc. Inform decision making/policy •Briefs for policy makers •Messages that can be fed to national level platform •Suggestions for alternatives to current practices •Piloted processes that can be used in planning and implementation INTEGRATING FRAMEWORK SCALING OUT
  14. 14. Outcomes (1)
  15. 15. • Skills MSc students PhD students On job training Specialised Attitudes? Outcomes (2)
  16. 16. Change in attitudes through key messages on enhancing rainwater management 8 messages: 1.Local community empowerment and leadership, based on demand, equity and inclusiveness 2.Partnerships integrating and sharing local and other types of knowledge, creating new knowledge through R4D and ‘learn by doing and sharing’ processes 3.Strengthening and transforming the institutional and human capacities of all stakeholders, with a special focus on local level extension officers
  17. 17. Change in attitudes through key messages on enhancing RMS 4. Creating, aligning and implementing incentives and risk management mechanisms to encourage innovation and successful implementation at scale 5. Adapting and using new learning and planning tools 6. Strengthening the integration and synergies among multiple RWM interventions at w.shed and basin scales 7. Greater attention to the downstream or off-site benefits of RWM in addition to upstream or on-farm benefits and costs 8. Stronger focus on markets, value chains, and multi- stakeholder institutions to enhance benefits and sustainability
  18. 18. Achieved this through Partnership
  19. 19. 1. Agricultural intensification and agricultural water management at a watershed/ landscape scale 2. Inclusive approach to management 3. To meet these requirements the NBDC has used a range of methods leading to outputs. 4. These need consolidating and fed into systems to bring about further outcomes and changes in attitudes Messages: The way ahead
  20. 20. How ?? • Feed into Government SLM- SSI-TF • Develop Networks • Future Projects - Water, Land and Ecosystems • Sustain Partnership • ??

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