Laying the foundation for
implementing / mainstreaming
the 
VGGT
and Land tenure, use planning and
management (LTPM) in t...
Milestones
Country assessments on “The
Status of Land Tenure, Use
Planning and management have
been carried out during the...
Major features of land tenure
Current land tenure systems are failing to address age-old
problems:
landless households and...
Major issues in land from the country assessments
 Land degradation, desertification/soil erosion by wind and
water;
 Sm...
Global problems in land management


Land problems
Land tenure in existing
situation
Increasing population
Densely populated areas present overuse of scarce resources, which...
Land tenure cont’d


Different Tenure Types pose difficulty in managing and sometimes
conflicting
 Land can be individua...
Challenges in tenure


 There is little documentation of current land and property rights in
many countries
 In some co...
Introducing the VGGT:
regional meetings



1.

Introduction to VGGT
meetings
3 were conducted in Lebanon,
Cairo, Yemen an...
The VGGT
Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible

Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and

Forests in the Context of ...
Participants in the introductory and awareness workshops on the
VGGT


Introduction to VGGT

Countries participated

Numb...
Introductory workshops (Cairo, Yemen and West
Bank)


workshop


Awareness workshops
(UAE,

Recommendations of the working groups
for the way forward






Aware officials in each country, apply participatory a...
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T8: Laying the foundation for implementing / mainstreaming the VGGT and Land tenure, use planning and management (LTPM) in the Near East

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Laying the foundation for implementing / mainstreaming the VGGT and Land tenure, use planning and management (LTPM) in the Near East, By Daniel Danano, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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T8: Laying the foundation for implementing / mainstreaming the VGGT and Land tenure, use planning and management (LTPM) in the Near East

  1. 1. Laying the foundation for implementing / mainstreaming the  VGGT and Land tenure, use planning and management (LTPM) in the Near East Daniel Danano LWDS, December 2013 Amman
  2. 2. Milestones Country assessments on “The Status of Land Tenure, Use Planning and management have been carried out during the past 2 years in seven countries (Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Syria and Yemen) with financial and technical support of the FAO.  used as source of data and information for land use policy formulation and designing of projects and program in land use, management and tenure governance. The studies will further be of paramount importance    Workshops and action plans prepared
  3. 3. Major features of land tenure Current land tenure systems are failing to address age-old problems: landless households and small farmers continue to compete for limited and fragmented cropland, and pastoralists are losing control of their traditional grazing areas. Access to water is becoming an increasingly important issue as the number of users grows. It is therefore essential that efforts are made to ensure a participatory approach to decision-making that involves the rural populations concerned. (The VGGT has this tools and instruments) 
  4. 4. Major issues in land from the country assessments  Land degradation, desertification/soil erosion by wind and water;  Small land holdings and fragmentation;  Shrinking in size of arable land and water for agriculture  lack of proper land use policies  high costs associated with land reclamation;  poor soil quality and lack of measures suiting the various agro ecological conditions / arid and semiarid/;  Lack of technologies in land management ;  Prevalence of arid and semi arid climatic conditions;  Poor soil quality and soil moisture stress  drought and desertification lack of land use policies  Soil erosion by wind and water  Prevalence of arid and semi arid climatic conditions 
  5. 5. Global problems in land management 
  6. 6. Land problems
  7. 7. Land tenure in existing situation Increasing population Densely populated areas present overuse of scarce resources, which frequently leads to other problems, such as inadequate drainage and increasing salinity.  Access to land among small farmers.  efficiency of land operation is closely linked to existing tenure relations and security. Land Tenure and Property Rights Constraints  The annual loss of agricultural land to urban expansion is high.  Due to high land pressure, land reclamation efforts are needed to bring more land under agricultural use. Insecure Tenure and Property Rights  Liberalization of tenancy restrictions in the early 1990s has led to a loss of tenure security for previously protected tenants. Inequitable Access to Land and Natural Resources  Pressure on the country's limited arable land is high due to the country's large population.  holdings are inequitable; about 7 per cent of Egypt's 3 million landowners hold 50 per cent of the land. Key Institutional issues: Insufficient information Conflict or Dispute Resolution mechanisms; there are limitations with Legal and Regulatory Framework ; Redistribution; Land Administration , Land Use Management and planning   
  8. 8. Land tenure cont’d  Different Tenure Types pose difficulty in managing and sometimes conflicting  Land can be individually and communally owned. Legal Framework Land Administration and Institutions  Land administration--surveying, registration, and land classification--was originally established under Ottoman rule.  Conflict or Dispute Resolution mechanisms are inadequate  Legal and Regulatory Framework not sufficient  Redistribution  Land Administration  Land registration and records (lacking updating)  Land Use Management and Conservation
  9. 9. Challenges in tenure   There is little documentation of current land and property rights in many countries  In some countries increasing population and the spread of poverty have strained the country's natural resources, in general, and soil, vegetative cover, and water resources, in particular.  The country's land holdings are highly fragmented.  Insecure Tenure and Property Rights  land registration system is inadequate, that the creation of a clear and legally defensible land registration system should be a priority of the government.
  10. 10. Introducing the VGGT: regional meetings  1. Introduction to VGGT meetings 3 were conducted in Lebanon, Cairo, Yemen and Jordan (111 persons participated) 2. Awareness raising workshops 3 workshops were conducted in Amman, Morocco and United Arab emirates (about 125 persons participated)
  11. 11. The VGGT Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible  Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security promote secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment. They were officially endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security on 11 May 2012. Since then implementation has been encouraged by G20, Rio+ 20, United Nations General Assembly and Francophone Assembly of Parliamentarians
  12. 12. Participants in the introductory and awareness workshops on the VGGT  Introduction to VGGT Countries participated Number of people Amman, December 2011 6 33 Lebanon , June 2012 7 30 Egypt, November 2012 12 25 Yemen, March 2013 23 1 111 Awareness creation workshop Amman 11 40 Morocco 9 45 UAE 7 23
  13. 13. Introductory workshops (Cairo, Yemen and West Bank) 
  14. 14. workshop 
  15. 15. Awareness workshops (UAE, 
  16. 16. Recommendations of the working groups for the way forward     Aware officials in each country, apply participatory approach where all stakeholders take part in mainstreaming VGGT in land policies, adopt integrated resource management, identify criteria for reallocation of water and land resources including coastal fisheries, base allocation of fishing rights to fishing communities or the private sector, national plans of action should include training and extension, strengthening GIS for land monitoring, establish and strengthen national data base, and seek ways for incorporating the VGGT into national policies and allocate finance for its implementation  it is necessary to develop strategy and roadmap for the implementation of VGGT, establishing a national multistakeholder platform mapping of stakeholders and assigning responsibilities are required, establish multi-stakeholder working group,  budget and potential sources of funding, develop a strategy for dissemination, conducting workshops for policy and decision makers at various levels, conduct trainings and meetings, gap analysis, advocating for reviewing policies and prepare country action plans and develop school curriculum.  rangelands were not properly treated in the VGGT. However, its relevance to rangelands is high and this is acknowledged,  public policies have largely failed to address responsible governance in the forests and rangelands, traditional and indigenous knowledge and customary tenure systems are in existence; the civil society is far more active today on issues of resources management and tenure governance In the final plenary session, participants from all countries expressed their interest, reached agreement and requested for more awareness creation meetings to be conducted at the sub regional and as well as country levels. All agreed that policy and decision makers be given awareness initially and as soon as possible. 

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