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33 -1453
Art of Late Antiquity
JudaicArt
245 CE
Messiah :in the
Hebrew Bible, an
anointed king who
will lead the Jews
back to the land of
Israel and esta...
The Crossing of the Red Sea, from
Dura-Europos, 200 CE
Samuel Anoints David, detail of the Dura Europos Synagogue, c 245-256
Moses GivingWater to theTwelve
Tribes, Detail from the west wall.
Catacombs and Funerary Art
Christian Art: 2nd and 3rd Century
Bible from the Greek
Biblos meaning
book.
Catacombs from the...
Christ as the
Good
Shepherd,
catacomb of
Priscilla,
Rome,
2nd and 3rd
Century
In situ
Christian Community House , Dura
Europos, Syria, c 240-256
Sarcophagus with philosopher, orant
andOld and NewTestament scenes,
Santa Maria Antiqua, Rome, c.270
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, from
Rome, Italy, c 359
In situ
After Constantine believed his power to overtake Maxentius
was due the power he gained from Christ:
The new buildings had...
Architrave
transepts
Gable Roof
altar
Atrium
Narthex
N
A
V
E
4 Aisles
Clerestory Windows
Apse
Architrave
Interior of the
Mausoleum of
Galla Placidia,
Ravenna, c 425-426
Syncretistic
Byzantine art emerged as identifiable and distinctive.
Exterior
of San
Vital, Ravenna,
540-547
Off-axis
placement of the
Narthex
Domed Octagon over the
ambulatory
apse
transepts
Exedrae
columns
Axial
Eight large piers
Justinian, Bishop Maximianus and attendants, mosaic from
the north wall of the apse, SanVitale, Ravenna, Italy, c.547
Theodora and attendants, mosaic, SanVitale, Ravenna, Italy, c. 547
270 X 240 feet
Dome is 108 feet in diameter
Dome’s crown rises 180 feet from the ground
First dome collapsed in 558
I...
Exedra
Apse
Dome of
Pendentives Piers
Forty windows
Buttresses
Half Domes
Piers
Dome
Buttresses
Nave reserved for the Clergy,
Congregates were separated
by sex and confined to the
shadows of the aisles and
g...
Main dome with clerestory windows, half dome helping with
the stability and thrust of the large central dome, and
smaller ...
Procopius,
“A Golden
chain of
Heaven.”
Ascension of
Christ, Folio 13
verso of the
Rabbula Gospels
from Zagba,Syria.
586
Iconoclasts destroyed many of the images as iconophiles
continued to create them.
Few Byzantine survive between 500-726 ...
END OF ICONOCLASM
Virgin Mary
(Theotokos) and
Child enthroned,
apse mosaic,
Hagia Sophia,
Constantinople,
867
Christ enthroned with saints (HarbavilleTriptych),
c. 950
Interior of the Katholikon (looking at the dome) Hosios,
Loukas, Greece, early first quarter of 11th Century
What
architectural
design do you
see?
Crucifixion,
mosaic in the
Church of the
Dormition,
Daphni, Greece,
c. 1090-1100
Three events of fateful significance began to end
for Byzantium.
1.TheTurks conquered most of Anatolia
2.The Byzantine Chr...
Three
Russia considered itself the Third Rome
and condemned the godlessTurks who
destroyed Constantinople.
Old Rome, New Rome or...
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt
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Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt

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Jewish, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art slide show. AP Art History

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Jewish, Early Christian,and Byzantine art ppt

  1. 1. 33 -1453 Art of Late Antiquity
  2. 2. JudaicArt 245 CE Messiah :in the Hebrew Bible, an anointed king who will lead the Jews back to the land of Israel and establish justice in the world Yahweh : One of the Hebrews’ name for God. Covenant: a solemn agreement that is binding for all parties Jewish History: Originated 2000 years before the common era with a divine covenant between god of the ancient Israelites and Abraham TheTorah holds the OldTestament They await the coming of the Messiah, “The anointed one” Romans hated all monotheistic religions: According to Josephus they literally starved all the Jews in Judea by disallowing them to buy food. This horror caused then to eat garbage, shoes and belts, and hate the Romans. The Romans crucified Christ.
  3. 3. The Crossing of the Red Sea, from Dura-Europos, 200 CE
  4. 4. Samuel Anoints David, detail of the Dura Europos Synagogue, c 245-256
  5. 5. Moses GivingWater to theTwelve Tribes, Detail from the west wall.
  6. 6. Catacombs and Funerary Art Christian Art: 2nd and 3rd Century Bible from the Greek Biblos meaning book. Catacombs from the Latin ad catacumbas, meaning “in the hollows” Christian history: •Adopted the OldTestament from Judaism •Completed the NewTestament during the fourth century •Many Christians were poor and relished the idea of an afterlife where they were judged equally •Theodosius officially established Christianity as the official religion of Rome at the end of the fourth century. Romans disallowed Christianity •Hated their “alien beliefs” •Christ made salvation and redemption possible •Celebrated the Eucharist •Persecuted Christians and Jews from 305 -312
  7. 7. Christ as the Good Shepherd, catacomb of Priscilla, Rome, 2nd and 3rd Century
  8. 8. In situ
  9. 9. Christian Community House , Dura Europos, Syria, c 240-256
  10. 10. Sarcophagus with philosopher, orant andOld and NewTestament scenes, Santa Maria Antiqua, Rome, c.270
  11. 11. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, from Rome, Italy, c 359
  12. 12. In situ
  13. 13. After Constantine believed his power to overtake Maxentius was due the power he gained from Christ: The new buildings had to meet the requirements of Christian liturgy Provide a suitably monumental setting Accommodate the rapidly growing number of worshippers Leading to: Elaborate basilicas Memorials Mausoleums
  14. 14. Architrave
  15. 15. transepts Gable Roof altar Atrium Narthex N A V E 4 Aisles Clerestory Windows Apse Architrave
  16. 16. Interior of the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, c 425-426
  17. 17. Syncretistic
  18. 18. Byzantine art emerged as identifiable and distinctive.
  19. 19. Exterior of San Vital, Ravenna, 540-547
  20. 20. Off-axis placement of the Narthex Domed Octagon over the ambulatory apse transepts Exedrae columns Axial Eight large piers
  21. 21. Justinian, Bishop Maximianus and attendants, mosaic from the north wall of the apse, SanVitale, Ravenna, Italy, c.547
  22. 22. Theodora and attendants, mosaic, SanVitale, Ravenna, Italy, c. 547
  23. 23. 270 X 240 feet Dome is 108 feet in diameter Dome’s crown rises 180 feet from the ground First dome collapsed in 558 Its replacement required repair in the 9th and 14th centuries Rivals architectural wonders of the world: Pantheon, the Baths of Caracalla, and the Basilica of Constantine. Turned into an Islamic Mosque by the Ottoman Empire
  24. 24. Exedra Apse Dome of Pendentives Piers Forty windows Buttresses Half Domes
  25. 25. Piers Dome
  26. 26. Buttresses Nave reserved for the Clergy, Congregates were separated by sex and confined to the shadows of the aisles and galleries Columns in the nave
  27. 27. Main dome with clerestory windows, half dome helping with the stability and thrust of the large central dome, and smaller half domes supporting columned exedrae .
  28. 28. Procopius, “A Golden chain of Heaven.”
  29. 29. Ascension of Christ, Folio 13 verso of the Rabbula Gospels from Zagba,Syria. 586
  30. 30. Iconoclasts destroyed many of the images as iconophiles continued to create them. Few Byzantine survive between 500-726 CE In 843 iconoclasm was repealed and images were reinstated, causing a burst of creative power. Icons violate the 2nd commandment that the Lord dictated to Moses, “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them.”
  31. 31. END OF ICONOCLASM
  32. 32. Virgin Mary (Theotokos) and Child enthroned, apse mosaic, Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, 867
  33. 33. Christ enthroned with saints (HarbavilleTriptych), c. 950
  34. 34. Interior of the Katholikon (looking at the dome) Hosios, Loukas, Greece, early first quarter of 11th Century
  35. 35. What architectural design do you see?
  36. 36. Crucifixion, mosaic in the Church of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, c. 1090-1100
  37. 37. Three events of fateful significance began to end for Byzantium. 1.TheTurks conquered most of Anatolia 2.The Byzantine Christian Orthodox church broke away from the Roman Church 3.Crusaders came to fight for the cross against the Saracens (Muslims)
  38. 38. Three
  39. 39. Russia considered itself the Third Rome and condemned the godlessTurks who destroyed Constantinople. Old Rome, New Rome orThird Rome were a continuum that spanned two and half millennia when artists and architects produced the most significant works of art history.

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