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Frank lloyd wright


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FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT accomplishment , life, career , buildings, awards.

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Frank lloyd wright

  1. 1. Frank lloyd wright Architect (1867–1959) Frank Lloyd Wright was a modern architect who developed an organic and distinctly American style. He designed numerous iconic buildings. presentation by KIRTHIGA
  2. 2. Accomplishments:  His architectural career lasted almost 70 years.  Frank Lloyd Wright developed the theory "Form and Function Are One.“  During his final years, he designed two of his most famous projects, the Guggenheim Museum and the Marin County Civic Center.  Frank Lloyd Wright designed 1141 homes and buildings, of those 532 were completed by his death.  Frank Lloyd Wright had a global impact on modern architecture, influencing design styles not only in America, but also in Europe and Asia.
  3. 3. Basic principles of wright designs : Organic colours Simple geometric shapes Integration of building with natural surroundings Strong horizontal lines and Frank Lloyd Wright Home hidden entries and StudioOak Park, Illinois (1889)
  4. 4. Famous Buildings:  Fallingwater (Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. Residence), Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1935–1937  Frederick C. Robie Residence, Chicago, Illinois, 1909  Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, 1956–1959  Unity Temple, Oak Park, Illinois, 1904  Price Tower, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, 1952–1956
  5. 5. FALLING WATER, SOUTHWESTERN PENNSYLVANIA  The site chosen was a natural landscape area for the weak end home with a water stream with it.  It was thought that the building would have a view of stream but fl wright made it over the stream.  Spaces are designed to bring nature inside the four walls  Cluster organisation around central core
  6. 6. Wright used only 4 materials to build Fallingwater — sandstone, reinforcedconcrete, steel and glass. Horizoantal element – concrete. planes differentiated and accentuate by changes in colour, texture, and material . vertical element – native stone. gives a sclupture quality highlighting the horizontal Interiors are simply through vibrant because of use of triadic colours for furnitures and monochromatic brown colour for walls, ceiling , floor
  7. 7. • Wright used a lot of clear glass to allow the outside to flow freely into the inside. • At certain times of day, the glass becomes very reflective and reminds some people of the mirror-like surfaces of a calm pool of water. • At night, the glass seems to disappear. • Wright chose the pale ochre color of the concrete to match the back of a fallen rhododendron leaf.
  8. 8. Plans and section :
  9. 9. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM, new york , united states. • Established in 1937 • Type Art museum • Frank Lloyd Wright created the Guggenheim Museum as a series of organic shapes. • Circular forms spiral down like the interior of a shell. • Visitors to the museum begin on the upper level and follow a sloping ramp downward through connected exhibition spaces.
  10. 10. Concept : • The building itself became a work of art. • At the core, an open rotunda offers views of artwork on several levels. • From the street, the building looks like a white ribbon rolled into a cylindrical shape, slightly wider at the top than at the bottom. • Internally, the galleries form a spiral.
  11. 11. Its design was inspired by a "Ziggurat" Babylonian temple pyramid, inverted.
  12. 12. ROBIE HOUSE ,CHICAGO • The Robie House of 1910 is generally considered to be Wright’s “best”Prairie style work. • This style is characterized by a dominating horizontal axis, bandedwindows, and a spacious and open interior plan. • The exterior is dominated by a lowhipped roof, simple building materials (mainly brick, wood, and stucco)
  13. 13. Fl wright principle was followed in this house: strong horizontal lines hidden entries simple geometric shapes were followed in robie house glass
  14. 14. concept : • The house was designed for Frederick C. Robie, a bicycle manufacturer, who did not want a home done in the typical Victorian style. • Robie desired a modern floorplan and needed a garage, and a playroom for children. • He also required that his home be fire-proof, yet retained an open floor plan free of closed, box-like rooms that would prevent the uniformity of decoration and design.
  15. 15. Unity temple , lake street , oak park, , united states Background : • In 1905, after the original Unity Church burned down, the Universalist congregation of Oak Park, Illinois turned to architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design them a new structure. • And finally, the architect was expected to design not only the structure, but furniture and stained glass for the building.
  16. 16. • Wright designed Unity Temple in Oak Park (1905) as a place of worship for the Unitarian faith. This is his original drawing of the building. • As is consistent with the Unitarian faith, the building is stately, solid, and devoid of religious iconography.
  17. 17. Principles: • the solid concrete construction, as well as the incorporation of other typical Wright elements. • Simple geometric shape • Hidden entries
  18. 18. Meaning in architecture : Falling water : Repesent water, as it is placed above the falling water . Robie house : Represent Land . Constructed by wood, brick . Guggenheim museum : Represent social and culture . Since it is a museum , it has art works that repesent culture . Unity temple : Represent Religion . Since it is a church .
  19. 19. Awards :  AIA Gold Medal (1949)  Twenty-five year award  Royal Gold Medal (1941) Famous quotes : • The mother art is architecture. Without an architecture of our own we have no soul of our own civilization. • Form follows function - that has been misunderstood. Form and function should be one, joined in a spiritual union. • Nature is my manifestation of God. I go to nature every day for inspiration in the day's work. I follow in building the principles which nature has used in its domain.
  20. 20. Source : • • • • • • • f.99