Organicism and-architecture-in-the-50s (new)


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Organicism and-architecture-in-the-50s (new)

  1. 1. Organicism and architecture in the 50s Revision
  2. 2. Introduction • We know as organic architecture all the architectonical manifestations that aim at adequate and ally to the nature. • This idea can be found long ago in History but the master in the formulation of its principles was Frank Lloyd Wright.
  3. 3. Characteristics • Organicist architecture is defined by: – the sense of the interior as a reality; – the free plan as flexible and a way of allowing the continuity of atmospheres; – the unity between interior and exterior; – the use of natural materials; – the house as a place for shelter.
  4. 4. Wright: Influences • This American born architect received several influences: – He travelled to Tokyo where he was fascinated by the Japanese architecture. – Other of the influences that can be noticed in his work is that of Maya temples of Yucatan. – Due to these varied influenced we can say that Wright had a cosmopolitan formation.
  5. 5. Wright: Evolution • His beginnings are associated to the Chicago School but soon he started developing his own style, in which we can distinguish different periods: – Early years: influenced by Chicago School – Prairie Style – Skyscrapers – Abstract sculptural ornamentation
  6. 6. Wright: Work • Caracteristics of Prairie Style: – simple structures consist of functional spaces, – light and integrated with nature, – at the same time that they are isolated enough as to guarantee the intimacy of their inhabitants – the houses are frequently built in different levels, and always a bit separated from the floor, as in Japanese architecture. • One of the most famous houses is the Robbie House
  7. 7. Wright: Work • He continued developing public and private buildings where he continued applying his building philosophy. • Representative work: Falling Water House, in Pennsylvania: – Hemanaged to integrate completely nature and architecture. – The different terraces offer the possibility of building in different levels and glass dissolve the walls so interior and exterior and in permanent relation. – He used different kind of materials, with an important role of stone that combine with glass and concrete
  8. 8. Wright: Work • In other project Wright experimented with curve forms, as in the New York Guggenheim Museum: – He wanted the museum to have well lighted spaces with controlled light that was not reflected in the surfaces. – At the same time, he designed the building to offer a possibility of walking up on a ramp in a continuous way, without any braking element for the exhibition of the works of art
  9. 9. Alvar Aalto • One of the most representative architects of the 50s is the Finnish Alvar Aalto. • His works are characterised by – imbued by rationalist spirit but – mixed of popular tradition and local materials, mainly wood, so common in his native region.
  10. 10. Alvar Aalto • Characteristics: – His buildings are warm and thought to be appropriate for human beings and the dimension of human body, something in which Wright influence can be noticed. – Aalto’s mature work embodies a unique functionalist/expressionist and human style, successfully applied to libraries, civic centres, churches, and housing.
  11. 11. Alvar Aalto • Although Aalto borrowed from the International Style, he utilized texture, colour and structure in creative new ways. • He refined the generic examples of modern architecture that existed in most of Europe. • His designs were particularly significant because of their response to site, material and form