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Paraphrasing

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Paraphrasing

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Paraphrasing

  1. 1. Paraphrasing FROM THE WRITING CENTER @ THE A.R.C.
  2. 2. What is Paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is to borrow from one source in a legitimate way. The writer is taking important information expressed by another source and offering a new presentation of the information. Paraphrasing deals with a particular passage of text and it’s more concise focus on a singular main idea. A paraphrase should contain information from the original source, but it should be conveyed in your own words. In this Module you will:  Learn why paraphrasing is a useful tool.  Determine how to paraphrase in your writing  Develop an understanding of what should and shouldn’t be in a paraphrase.
  3. 3. Why is Paraphrasing Useful? To present information from a text that has so much information it cannot be unpacked into a single quote. Offering variance in the presentation in your work. You want to avoid quoting too much information. Paraphrasing helps you process information and grasp the meaning more clearly than when you use the original quote.
  4. 4. How to Paraphrase Effectively Write down the original quote on a separate sheet of paper and read it multiple time(s) until you understand the information! Put away the passage and write down your paraphrase. Offer any and all information in your own words. Reread the original passage. Make sure that you add in any additional information or words that you are missing from the quote that are important. Put these words into quotations or italics.
  5. 5. How to Paraphrase Effectively At the end of the paraphrase, offer the citation appropriate to the paper style. For shorter papers, the writer may want to include some analysis in the paragraph before they move on. When writing a longer paper, the analysis should be offered in a subsequent paragraph.
  6. 6. What to Avoid When Paraphrasing A summary is to condense three in order to make one. A paraphrase is not an exact 1 to 1 ratio but all information conveyed in the original document should be in a paraphrase. Avoid using a thesaurus when paraphrasing. The paraphrase should not look as if the writer just went through and replaced the verbs using a thesaurus. Do not just go through and redo the structure of the information. A paraphrase should not just rearrange the clauses in the course information.
  7. 7. Examples- The Original Passage Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47
  8. 8. Example- A Legitimate Paraphrase In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester 46-47).
  9. 9. Paraphrasing • It should be clear that there is no specific information that should be universally paraphrased whenever writing a paper. The writer can decide what information should be paraphrased or directly quoted in his or her own paper. It is the writer’s choice to decide what information is important or useful in their paper in the form of a paraphrase or quote. The topic, as well as, the passages and readings used in said paper should be read and understood well enough for the writer to have a good idea of what form the information should be in.

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