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  1. 1. SYSTEMATIZING AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN INDIA Submitted by: Fedora Lia Dias Dhananjay Gautam Atheena Charly Sithara M Kishan Konannvar
  2. 2. Comparison of Agricultural profile India China Brazil US Indonesia TotalArea (000 km²) 3287 9706 8515 9286 1920 Population (millions) 1241 1344 196.7 313.9 242.2 Agriculturalland area (%) 60 56.21 31.27 44.1 30 Labor force in agriculture(%) 53 34.8 15.7 0.7 38.9 Agriculture contributionto GDP % 13 10 6 1 15 % of fertilizer produced 181.4 298.6 241.1 105.8 113.5 Agricultural machinery: Tractors Per 100 sq. km of arable land 128 81 129 271.3 2 PRESENT SCENARIO Floriculture & Seeds 4% Fruits and Vegetables 11% Processed Fruits & Vegetables 12% Animal Products 19% Other Processed Foods 18% Non Basmati Rice 20% Basmati Rice 13% Wheat & Other Cereals 3% AGRICULTURE PRODUCE IN INDIA Expenditure Gross Capital formation(GC F) GCF in Agriculture % 2009-10 10870.15 160348 8.3 2010-11 17052.59 181562 8.2 2011-12 16354.70 212344 8.2 ECONOMIC PROFILE
  3. 3. Problems Increase in fertilizer but decline in productivity 40% Food wastage Increase in import and decline in export Food crisis Farmers suicide Growth in farm output has slowed down Only 13% contribution to GDP 0 5 10 15 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Agricultureimport to total import % Agricultureexport to total export % ROOTS OF LESS PRODUCTIVITY Fruits, 14- 35% Vegetables, 12.4- 31% Cereals, 6.1- 15% Fishery, 3- 7% Others, 5- 12% Wastage of food Fertilizer Nutrient Consumpti on (Mill Ton) Foodgrain Production (Mill Ton) Incrementa l Fertilizer Nutrient Consumpti on(Mill Ton) Incrementa l Food Grain (Mill Ton) 2005-06 20.34 208.6 1.9 10.2 2006-07 21.65 217.3 1.3 8.7 2007-08 22.57 230.8 0.9 13.5 2008-09 24.91 234.5 2.3 3.7 2009-10 26.26 218.2 1.3 -16.3 2010-2011 29.93 225.5 3.7 7.3
  4. 4. Causes Markets underdeveloped Fragmentation of land Produce do not meet international standards Lack of storage facility Middle level broker Lack of technological development Climatic changes Insufficient professional education of agriculturist Existing govt. schemes • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment guarantee act • Rashtriya swasthya Yojna • Integrated Rural Development Program • Gramin Bhandaran Yojna • Backward Region Grant Fund • Marketing Research & Information Network • National Agricultural Insurance scheme • Pilot weather based crop insurance scheme • Micro irrigation NO SYNCHRONIZATION BUT!!!
  5. 5. PROPOSED STRATEGY Development Motivation Boosting Research and Technology in Agriculture Formation of Agriculture Development Bureau (ADB) ADB Offices in each District Survey and Communication Dept.. Human Resource Dept. Seeds and Fertilizer shop Finance & Insurance Dept. Machines & Tool Dept. Storage Dept. Marketing & Collection Dept. Research Centre Consultancy of Agriculture Vetenary Dept. Laboratory Seminar and Conferences National Competition in Agriculture Local Seminar arranged by Offices Panchayat Meetings Prize Money for Winners Exhibitions Sharing of Techniques PROPOSED SYSTEM- AGRICULTURE DEVELOPEMENT BUREAU SYSTEM
  6. 6. Survey & Communication Dept. Collecting samples of Field •Testing of Soil •Soil enriching fertilizer selection Collecting Data •Crops Type •Productivity •Land Distribution and Holding •Barren Land for dairies and Poultry •Productive Land for cultivation •Marine Place for fishing Resource Requirement •Crop Rotation •Demand forecasting Weather forecasting Human Resource Dept. Registrationof Farmers Registrationof Unemployment •Providing employmentin Agriculture Communication with Survey and FertilizerDept. Receiving Complaints •Communication with Research Centre for solution Machines and Tools Dept. Provide Machines and Tools on rent on subsidized rate Estimationof Machines and tools required for the particularland. Procurement accordingto requirement Storage Dept. Construction of local Storage near farms per 10 Hectare of farm RegisteredCold Storage for Every Office Emergency Storage Facility Finance & Insurance Dept. Provision for Agricultural Insurance Givingloans to farmers Providingfree financial counselingto the Farmers. Keepingrecords for all in and out Marketing & Collection Dept. Collection of products directly from farmers Transportation Facility •To carry product from smaller to higher unit Calculation of market value of Products •Communication with current market •Analysis of future market trends Rate display for both selling and buying of Agricultural Products Seeds and Fertilizer Shop Receivingdata of land and farmers from survey & HR Dept. Accordingto the need it distribute: •Particularseeds for particular land •Fertilizerafter seeingthe soil analysis by survey dept. Provide food material and medicinesfor poultry and dairies
  7. 7. ADB Central units 4 central units in each zone, i.e north, east, west, south Planningand execution Ensuringthe flow of different goods all over the country Finding out markets for exporting Deciding the market value of products Giving instructions to head offices Fund allocation to smaller units Maintainingrecord of investment and gross capital formation Regular inspection ADB head offices One head office for coordinating 5 ADB units Research and development Giving technical assistance Maintainingexchange of tools and machineries Distribution of seeds, fertilizers& other inputs Maintainingquality of processes Planningand distribution of the products to market ADB units One ADB Unit for an agricultural population of 25,000 people Seven departments come under each unit as mentionedabove Providingcold storage houses Managementof farmers and land allocation Collection of products from farms Gettingunused land on lease Supplyof machineries Supplyof seeds, fertilizers& other inputs HIERACHY OF ADP SYSTEM
  8. 8. Setup of Agricultural Development Bureau : A Case Study in Kerala Setting up of ADB Head Office • Total Population: • Population in Agriculture: • We divide 14 districts into 6 zones and, as shown in figure, establish one ADB head office for each zone. • Hence, the agricultural population is evenly distributed in the six zones. Setting up of ADB Units • For each ADB head office 5 ADB units should be there. • ADB unit’s range should be decided according to the agricultural population in each district. • ADB units function as per the rules and regulations in the strategy explained in earlier slides. • After successful implementation in Kerala, the strategy can be implemented throughout the country.
  9. 9. Planning • Survey of Agricultural land & collection of agricultural statistics • Planning organizational hierarchy • Developing ADB Head Office • per five ADB unit • Research Centre in one head office as explained above • Provide technological assistance • Coordination with ADB unit • Deciding demand & supply of Agro Products • According to Farmer Population division of Agro land & assigning ADB units per particular fraction of land. Developing Infrastructure • Setting up ADB Head offices • Existing R&D centers should merge and setting up new if required • Building offices by the funds which is given for Submerged schemes • Setting up ADB units • Existing local offices and Govt. shops are included • Present storage godowns are used and building new storage if required • Supply of Machinery and tools depend of type of farming • Seven Departments should be set up as explained above Recruitment • Specialist Officers in Agriculture, Technology and Management recruited • First recruitment for Central unit is done then recruitment for ADB units should be done. • For each seven departments different skill set and different field of people required. • Large number of vacancies for clerks, drivers, shopkeepers, accountants are evolved • Complete man force according to the Organizational Hierarchy should be recruited. STEPS INVOLVED IN IMPLEMENTING THE SYSTEM
  10. 10. Challenges • Raising funds • Developing Infrastructures • Merging of current schemes will be difficult • Transfer of employees from present schemes to ADB • Allocation of Resources • Large initial Investment • Giving Boost to new Technology • High level management Advantages of Present solution • Huge estimate of increasing in productivity • Removal of farmer exploitation • Removal of Middlemanship • Reduce in wastage of crops and food • Technological development occurs • Security and insurance for farmers • Huge Estimate of Profit for both Govt. and Farmers • Creating huge Employment options • Enriching soil with particular use of fertilizers • Innovation in the field of agriculture • Removal of poverty of famers • Ensuring National food security • Increasing quality of food • Export in agriculture will be more as Production is more • Synchronization of difference Govt. Schemes are possibly done • Effective utilization and distribution of resources Disadvantages • Huge investment is required • If present schemes are not merged then it is very difficult to continue with this scheme • Miscommunication between different department is very necessary otherwise system will fall • It is very difficult to change mentality of farmer about the new techniques as they stick to the old approaches