Itft agriculture


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Itft agriculture

  1. 1. Agricultural Informatics & Communication Perspective and prospective A Presentation
  2. 2. • Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due to liberalization and globalization • About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activity • Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy Indian Agriculture
  3. 3. Indian Agriculture • Provides about 65% of the livelihood • Accounts for 27% of GDP • Contributes 21% of Total Exports, and Supplies Raw materials to Industries • Growth Rate in production - 5.7% • Food grains production – 211.17 mt
  4. 4. India’s position in world Agriculture Rank • Total Area Seventh • Irrigated Area First • Population Second • Economically Active population Second • Total Cereals Third • Wheat Second • Rice Second • Coarse grains Fourth • Total Pulses First • Oil Seeds Second • Fruits and Vegetables Second • Implements (Tractors) Third • Milk First • Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes) First
  5. 5. Agricultural Resources  Total Geographical Area (TGA) - 329 M.H  Potential for Biological Production - 265 M.H  Net Sown Area (NSA) - 143 M.H  Net Irrigated Area - 56 M.H  Area threatened by land degradation - 50% of TGA  Drought-prone Area - 190 M.H
  6. 6. Mile Stones in Agricultural Development • Green Revolution (1968) • Ever-Green Revolution (1996) • Blue Revolution (water, fish) • White Revolution (Milk) • Yellow Revolution (flower, edible) • Bio-Technology Revolution • ICT Revolution
  7. 7. Development of Indian Agriculture : Basic Issues • Revitalization of Cooperative Institutions • Improving Rural Credits • Research, Education & Extension • Human Resources Development • Trade & Export Promotion • Land Reforms • Enabling Environment for higher Agricultural Growth
  8. 8. The thrust areas: • Diversification of Agriculture • Inter-cropping • Micro Management • Water Management • Organic Farming • Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres • Bio-Technology
  9. 9. Efforts on Policies, strategies and Frameworks • National Agriculture Policy (2000) • National Seeds policy (2002) • Cooperative Policy • Agricultural Price policy • Agricultural Extension Framework (2001) • WTO/GATT agreement (1994) In addition to, various working groups, taskforces, mid- term appraisals and plan schemes (~68) (for further details
  10. 10. Reports • Agriculture Credit, Cooperation and Crop • Horticulture Development including Spices Aromatic and Medicinal Plants and Plantation Crops Agriculture Infrastructure/Warehousing/Rural Godowns/Marketing/Post Harvest Management, Processing and Cold Storage, Trade and Export Promotion. • Crop Husbandry, Demand and Supply Projections and Agricultural Inputs Agriculture Research and Education • Animal Husbandry & Dairying • Agriculture Statistics • Watershed Development, Rainfed Farming and Natural Resources Management • |Agriculture Development in Eastern and North-Eastern India • Agriculture and Allied Sectors • Organic and Biodynamic Farming (for further details
  11. 11. Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development • Biotechnology • Pre & post harvesting technology • Energy saving technology • Environment protection technology • Information and Communication technology • GIS & RS technology • Internet/Intranet Technology
  12. 12. Fusion of Technologies for Sustainable Development - A Synergy of Multiple Disciplines • Database Technology • Internet/Intranet Technology • GIS and Remote Sensing • Image Processing • GPS • Artificial Intelligence • Modeling
  13. 13. IT led Agricultural Development The beginning: (e-readiness) • A two day conference (ISDA-1995 ) was held to assess IT Infrastructure and empowerment needs for IT led development in Agriculture Sector (one of the major recommendations was about 3% of the agriculture budget should be spent on Informatics Development) • IT Plan for Agriculture Sector (AGRISNET) was submitted to Ministry of Agriculture in 1997 to establish “Indian Agriculture on-line” and revised in 2000.
  14. 14. IT Applications for Agricultural Development Requires Inter-Sectoral Approach  Agricultural Research  Agro-Meteorology  Agricultural Marketing  Agricultural Engineering & Food Processing  Agricultural Extension and Transfer of Technology  Credit and Cooperation  Crop production & protection  Environment & Forest  Fertilisers and Manure  Fisheries  Irrigation and Drainage System  Livestock, Dairy Development & Animal Husbandry  Rural Development & Planning  Soil and Water Management  Watershed Development  Wasteland Development
  15. 15. Census Mach.Marketing Coop. Credit Crops Exten. Fert Hort DM PPQ PP RFS IRS TMOP States / Uts / Districts ICAR Institutes Resource Information Attached/subordinate offices FARMER Ministry of Agriculture
  17. 17. IT plan for Agriculture • To strengthen IT in Agriculture and creation of Databases & Information Network for Agriculture Sector :- • The plan was divided into three schemes by DAC • Central Sector Schemes proposed • DAC Hqrs • Networking of DAC Field Units (DACNET) • State & District and Sub-District level (AGRISNET)
  18. 18. Present Status of IT Scheme (s) of DAC: Various Components emerging as one scheme: • IT apparatus in DAC Hqrs. • IT apparatus in the Field offices and Directorates of DAC (DACNET) Phase II • Development of Agricultural Informatics and Communication • Agricultural Resources Information System • IT apparatus for States/UTs (AGRISNET) and • Agricultural Marketing Information Network (AGMARKNET) Phase II
  19. 19. Information Systems Requirement in Agriculture GIS/RS based Systems: • Soil and Land use • Watershed developments • Disaster management • Cropping systems • Agriculture Resources Information • Organic farming (bio-fertilisers) • Crop weather watch
  20. 20. Decision Support Systems • Integrated Nutrient Management • Integrated Pest Management • Demand-Supply Projections • Soil-Water balance • Credit Management • Inter-cropping systems • Bio-fertilizer management • Early Warning System
  21. 21. E-Commerce Applications • Agri-Business (Agri-clinics and Agri-Business Centres) • Agricultural Marketing • Agricultural Trade • Cooperatives • Horticulture (horticulture, floriculture, sericulture, aquaculture etc,. ) • Organic farming • Agriculture Statistics
  22. 22. Ongoing ICT Projects of DAC • DACNET ( • AGMARKNET ( • PPIN (cib/rc) ( • VISTARNET • AGRICULTURAL CENSUS • NADAMS (National Agricultural Drought Advisory and Management Systems) • HORTNET
  23. 23. Projects Under Pipeline: • AGRISNET • AgRIS (Resources Information System) • Development of Agricultural Informatics • DACNET (phase – II) • AGMARKNET (Phase – II) • Agricultural Census 2000-2001
  24. 24. Other ICT projects of Agriculture • APHNET (Animal Production and Health Informatics Network) • ARISNET (Agricultural Research and Information System) • Water Resources Informatics System • APEDA • NPRE etc.,
  25. 25. Towards e-Government in DAC • A High Speed LAN established with more than 500 nodes (round the clock services) • INTRANET/INTERNET applications are being implemented as part of e-Government • Regular use of VC for scheme monitoring and plans (X Five Year Plan proposals were discussed on VC with all States) • 7/24 Services provided during Orissa Super cyclone, Gujarat Earth Quake, drought mitigation • Implementations of Minimum Agenda of e-governance
  26. 26. Towards e-Government in DAC (Contd.) • In-house Training Centre established • More than 800 officials trained in DAC • NICNET based Public Information and facilitation Centre established • Information Kiosk • Various paid projects implemented like Integrated Crops MIS, LAN etc. • ISDA Conference conducted for IT assessment in Agriculture sector • IT Plan submitted for IXth and Xth Five plans
  27. 27. Portals developed • AGMARKNET • DACNET • CIB/RC (PPIN) • VISTARNET* • Agricultural Census* * Under development
  28. 28. DACNET A Scheme for bringing E-Governance in the Directorates and Field Units of Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) • Establish Functional Hardware/software tools • Provide training • Develop Application Software • Assist in further system enhancement, if required • Establish LAN / Network / Internet Service With a Mandate to
  29. 29. Information Flow from Field Units (DACNET) Central Databases Census Mach.Marketing Coop. Credit Crops Exten. Fert Hort NDM Plan-Co PPQ PP RFS SWC TMOP IC&Trade Field Offices Directorates databases Planners / Decision makers
  30. 30. AGRISNET envisages • AGRISNET – A NICNET Based Agricultural Informatics & Communication to facilitate Higher Sustainable Agricultural productivity and Establish “Indian Agriculture on-line” in the Country • Convergence of Core Technologies and e- Governance
  31. 31. AGRISNET envisages • IT Infrastructure (H/W, S/W tools and Networking) • Information Networks (Web sites, portals, Vertical portals) • Data Warehousing (Database, Data Mining and Mata Data) • Web enabled applications • GIS/RS based applications • IT Empowerment (HRD)
  32. 32. AGRISNET components • Internet/Intranet services • E-Commerce & EDI Services • National & International Video Conferencing • Networking (LAN, MAN, WAN) using terrestrial, Satellite, & Wireless Communication
  33. 33. AGRISNET components • IT Training • Data Base, Knowledge Base, and Analytical Model Base development for Decision Support • Disaster management
  34. 34. Sub-networks under AGRISNET The following sub-networks will strengthen these portals: • FERTNET: Fertilizer Network • HORTNET: Horticulture Network • PPIN: Plant Protection Network • VISTERNET: Agricultural Extension Network • CROPSNET : Crops Information Network • SEEDNET: Seeds Informatics Network • ACINET: Agricultural Credit Informatics Network • AGMARKNRT:Agricultural Marketing Network • ARISNET: Agricultural Research Information System Network
  35. 35. • To strengthen these sub-networks, AGRISNET nodes will be established at National, State, District, and Block level with Internet/Intranet gateway at National and regional level. • Agri-Clinic and Agri-business centres will be set up outside the Government set up to facilitate Un-employed agricultural graduates to generate income and employment through “Knowledge services” for farmers. The emerging technologies on “last mile” problems provide required technology solutions to establish Agri-clinic and Agri-business centres at sub district level
  36. 36. Hort. Division INTRADAC Attached , Subordinate, Autonomous, Field Offices State, District & Block Agricultural Offices Mail Server Internet Server Database Server Data Ware housing GIS Server Workgroups “Agriculture On-line” DACNET AGRISNET NRM Division Crops Division Admn. Division Finance Div.
  37. 37. Agricultural Resource Information (core group – V on Agriculture and Soils (NNRMS-AC- AS)). • Arid Agro-Ecosystem, Coastal Agro- Ecosystem, Hill & Mountain Agro-Ecosystem, Irrigated Agro-Ecosystem, and Rainfed Agro- Ecosystem. The pilot project demonstration, one district each with various typologies (13) using GIS/RS based Technology
  38. 38. In e-Governance, “electronic” means support and stimulate good governance. E-Governance will mature according to the following four phases (Garter Report) • Information  Presence : Websites • Interaction  Intake Process: e-mail, search engines, download forms and documents • Transaction  Complete Transactions: Network and Information Security • Transformation Integration and Change: Virtual counter
  39. 39. Accessibility Width of reach Affordability by common man/ target customers Accessibility Width of reach Affordability by common man/ target customers Communicability in People’s Language Communicability in People’s Language Availability of Information across multiple delivery channels Availability of Information across multiple delivery channels Reliability of transactions across multiple delivery channels Reliability of transactions across multiple delivery channels Viability Economic and political returns Viability Economic and political returns Re-engineering of Processes within Government Re-engineering of Processes within Government Collaboration among the servicing departments Collaboration among the servicing departments Trustworthy Adequate security and auditability e-Governance Imperatives Service related Service related Implementation Related Creating stakeholders buy-in through internal/external communications Accessibility Width of reach Affordability by common man/ target customers Communicability in People’s Language Availability of Information across multiple delivery channels Reliability of transactions across multiple delivery channels Viability Economic and political returns Re-engineering of Processes within Government Collaboration among the servicing departments Trustworthy Adequate security and auditability
  40. 40. Diversification for Sustainable Agriculture • Efficient use of resources (Example, crops in command area for rational sharing of water and also types of crops as per availability of water) • Crop diversification in dark and grey areas where groundwater exploitation is high (less water requiring crop) • For sustainable land use and in areas of depleting soil fertility (Example, Rice-wheat cropping) • For efficient natural resource management
  41. 41. Population and Food grains Needs - The population as per latest census (2001-02), the estimated population is 1033.5 million - Requirement of food grains for Human consumption is 174 m t (NIN, Hyderabad) and production requirement is 195 mt Therefore, our production is expected to be higher than the requirement calculated on normative method
  42. 42. • We have 26 per cent population below poverty who have poor economic access to food grains. Their low purchasing power may not permit them to purchase 182.5 kg per capita per annum. If they can purchase only 70 per cent of their requirements, this would imply availability of additional 15 mt in the market - Food Corporation has stocks of over 60 m t against the norm of about 24 m t - Average pulse production during IXth Plan is 13 mt, the requirement of pulses is about 15 mt - Rate of growth of consumption of Rice and Wheat is expected to decline. Therefore, the answer to first question is in affirmative. Then we need to diversify our agriculture