Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Sowing prosperity : Boosting agricultural productivity Abhishek Dhiman Anshul Kumar Singh Dheerendra Singh Kaustubh Chaharia Prakash Tewari A new model to increase the agricultural productivity state-wise
  2. 2. The overriding challenge is the sustainable and profitable growth in agriculture More than 52%[1] of India’s land is cultivable, compared to the global average of 11%[1]. India has the potential to become one of the world’s major food suppliers, but it has to overcome major challenges: • Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate, hampered by ignorance, high costs and impracticality. • The country’s inefficient and inadequate farm and village level storage network results in spoilage of almost 40%[2] of its total agricultural production. • Current sources of irrigation depend heavily on groundwater but the level of groundwater is already in a critical condition in most states. • Small and marginal farmers who constitute more than 80%[3] of total farmer households in the country face exclusion from formal financial channels. Source: Agricultural situation in India, Directorate of Economics and Statistics
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES: • Sustained improvement of the low-income rural population while at the same time ensuring an effective contribution by the rural economy to the national development. • To create world class supply-chain infrastructure to reduce wastages, deliver better quality products and providing raw materials to agro-industries. • To create and assist small and medium scale agro-industries, meanwhile also ensuring the growth of larger industries to remain competitive in global markets. APPROACH: • Developing an agricultural organization with its centers at state, district and sub-district levels. • State level centers would be responsible for bringing Public-Private Partnerships(PPP) and development of agro-industries while district and sub levels would focus on farmers and rural areas. • Development of food parks and ensuring availability of raw materials for agro industries. State District Sub-district A single organization which would be solemnly responsible for development of agriculture in state
  4. 4. A state level organization to improve supply chain infrastructure, promote scientific methods and nurture agro industries State Relief Packages Retail Outlets Recruitment and Training of Scientific Experts R & D Institute Exports Canal and Irrigation Facilities Price Procurement Promotion of Agro Based Industries Supply Chain Infrastructure Improving Supply chain infrastructure Bringing Private Sector Partnership to create world class infrastructure integrated with appropriate surface transport connections, cold storages, auction centers and retail chains. Bringing Science in Agriculture Development of new courses and R&D institutes. Recruitment and training of staff which would guide the farmers at district and sub levels about the latest techniques and methodologies of agriculture. Irrigation Facilities Construction of macro irrigation facilities like canals. Development of micro irrigation techniques like drip irrigation. Handling Export of Agriculture Products Organization will handle export, trading promotion, trade facilitation, development, promotion and regulation of export oriented industries and commodities.
  5. 5. One organization where farmers can get everything ranging from financial help to scientific advise District Scientific Expert Distribution System Financial Aid Allocation Soil Testing Center Farming Seminars Awards Distribution Financial Aids to farmers Easy Financial loans to farmers at subsidized rates which would encourage farmers to use superior technologies. Taking Science to Rural areas Holding regular seminars to educate farmers about the latest scientific techniques for sustainable and profitable growth in agriculture. Soil Testing Centers Soil testing services would be available at district level. The center would offer soil, plant, manure and irrigation water service analysis to farmers. Felicitation Ceremonies Holding awards and ceremonies to acknowledge farmers and to promote the sense of competitiveness among them.
  6. 6. Sub- district Local Distribution Center Better Irrigation Techniques Seeds and Fertilizers Transport Infrastructure Technological Support Agro Waste Management Warehouses and Cold Storages Bringing assistance to farmer’s home Seeds and Fertilizers Distribution Distribution of hybrid seeds can improve yield by as much as 40%[1] and balanced fertilizer usage can prevent stagnant yield and depletion of soil fertility. Village Level Scientific Experts To assist farmers in implementation of scientific techniques such as micro-irrigation and also to guide them in specific situations. Fully developed irrigation facilities would reduce dependence of agriculture on monsoon. Warehouses and Cold Storages To store the harvest near to where it is raised. This would ensure minimal loss of the agro product at ground level. Agro-Waste Management Imparting techniques to farmers to convert non-useful agro waste to manures and biomass.
  7. 7. Development of agro infrastructures and promotion of agro based industries • To create favorable environment by providing incentives to the domestic and foreign investors for setting up of agro industrial projects in the state. • Reputed and proven companies would be offered an attractive package of financial support and incentives for agro-industrial projects. • Incentives such as technology upgradation, modernization, expansion or diversification would be made available for new units as well as existing ones. Agro Infra- structure Food Parks Retail Outlets Supply Chain Transportation Hub Auction Centers
  8. 8. Food Parks • Establishment of well integrated agro-marketing and food park to provide cost effective start-up for prospective food processing businesses due to reduced overheads and ready to use infrastructure. • These parks are specially designed to meet and offer integrated facilities for smooth operation along with easy and cost effective availability of raw materials and manpower. • Development of Food park intends to attain viability by defraying cost of major common facilities such as: R&D, Laboratory, Cold Storages, warehousing, pack houses, food testing and analysis lab, effluent treatment plant, common processing facilities, power and water supply. Contract Farming • Agro processing industries would be encouraged to enter into contract farming arrangements either directly or through group of farmers, value added centers, agro service centers or cooperatives. • These industries may provide necessary inputs to the member farmers such as planting material, seeds and other inputs, may guide farmers in agronomic practices and may also take crop insurance on behalf of the member farmers. Role of the organization towards food parks and contract farming
  9. 9. Primary processing/harvesting Primary production Food service/ retailer /auction Village distribution center Agro-based industries Export Warehouse/cold storage Local retailer Distribution Transportation Food processing Consumers Restaurant/retail shop Supply chain and distribution system
  10. 10. Initiative : Farmer card Introduction of a Farmer card, provided to every farmer, to ensure that all the agro-data related to the farmer is available at one place. This would serve following objectives: • To store the data of land holdings of the farmer. • To keep the record of the financial aids given to the farmer. • To keep the record of crops grown by the farmer and his productivity over the years. For Government • Data availability for Research, Rewards Distribution. • Teaching facility based on type of crops that are being grown. • Better accountability in terms of Public Distribution. • Growth and development of village, district, state, thereby developing country. For Farmer • Easy loans available on farmer card. • A sense of security about their land-holdings. • Relief packages in case of emergency situations like flood. • Concession in government facilities like railway, bus etc..
  11. 11. References • [1]Country: India’s Cold Chain Industry, US Commercial Service, Renie Subin • [2]Challenges faced by the Agriculture Sector in Developing Countries with special reference to India: Nidhi Dwivedy • [3]Report by Nair Committee on priority sector lending • [4]Agricultural situation in India, Directorate of Economics and Statistics • Indian Agriculture-Challenges and prospects: IMA India • Farm Size and Productivity: Understanding the Strengths of Smallholders and Improving Their Livelihoods: Review of Agriculture • Report by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IME) on global food wastage • India: Issues and Priorities for Agriculture, The world Bank • Policies Towards Development of Agro-industries in India: S. K. Goyal • Agro-industrial parks Experience from India: K. Laxminarayana Rao, Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations • Agro-Processing Industries in India—Growth, Status and Prospects: R. P. Kachru, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi
  12. 12. किसान उगाएगा तभी तो दॆश खाएगा। Thank You