Agrimech'09

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Agrimech'09

  1. 1. Strategies to improve Farm Productivity <br />through Farm Mechanization<br />Rohtash Mal Executive Director<br />Escorts Agri Machinery Group <br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Contents:<br /><ul><li>Backdrop : Global food and Agriculture scenario
  3. 3. Indian Agriculture – Key vectors for Production Enhancement
  4. 4. Productivity & Farm Mechanisation
  5. 5. Farm Mechanisation : Challenges
  6. 6. Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Multi Domain Approach
  7. 7. Evolution & way forward</li></ul>Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  8. 8. Backdrop : Global food & Agriculture scenario<br />Food demand increasing while resources getting scarce<br />81 million [1.31% growth] added to food demand every year*<br />Soils getting less productive<br />Depleting fresh water resources<br /><ul><li> 11% of total global arable land in India
  9. 9. well positioned to meet internal demand
  10. 10. can be the answer to the global food needs</li></ul>Nearing to the end of fossil fuel era (dependence on bio-fuels)<br />* http://www.intmath.com/Exponential-logarithmic-functions/world-population-live.php<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  11. 11. 4<br />Indian Agriculture : key vectors and critical success factor<br />Increase in Production <br />Objective<br />Key Vectors<br />Enhancing Cropping intensity<br />Productivity increase [Yield/ha]<br />Farm Mechanisation<br />Critical Success Factor <br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  12. 12. Production Enhancement : The Yield enhancement vector<br /><ul><li>Yield is only one third of the developed countries
  13. 13. considerable headroom for yield improvement visible</li></ul> * Figures represents Yield of major crops during 2001<br /> ** Yield is defined as Production in Kg /ha<br />Source: Directorate of Economic & Statistics<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  14. 14. Production Enhancement : The Cropping intensity vector<br />------Gross Sown Area, million ha<br />cropping intensity<br />192.80mha<br />141.89mha<br />131.89mha<br />110 Cr<br />------Net Sown Area, million ha<br />118.75mha<br />36 Cr<br />Population<br />Arable Area<br />60.20 mha<br />------Net Irrigated Area, million ha<br />20.85 mha<br />Quantum Production enhancement possible thru Sweating of assets [current arable land] <br />with year round potential to grow crops, the cropping intensity is dismal<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  15. 15. 7<br />Productivity : role of farm mechanisation<br />Crop Cycle<br /><ul><li>Timeliness</li></ul>Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br /><ul><li>Seedbed Quality
  16. 16. Timeliness
  17. 17. Sowing Depth
  18. 18. Inter Plant distance
  19. 19. Easy Operation
  20. 20. Uniformity
  21. 21. Optimum use
  22. 22. Placement
  23. 23. Value addition
  24. 24. Reduced losses
  25. 25. Timeliness
  26. 26. Reduced losses
  27. 27. Levelled land
  28. 28. Best practices</li></ul>Plant Protection<br /><ul><li>Optimum use
  29. 29. Timeliness
  30. 30. Quality of operation
  31. 31. Timeliness</li></ul>Mechanised Solutions<br />Mechanisation is clearly the answer to key performance parameter at every stage of cropping cycle<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  32. 32. Productivity : effect of farm mechanisation<br />Source: Indiaagristat.com<br />Direct correlation of higher productivity with higher Mechanization level<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  33. 33. Agriculture : engaged population & farm mechanisation<br />Brazil <br />[14.8%, 75%]<br />Former Soviet Union<br />[14.4%, 80%]<br />Western Europe <br />[3.9%, 95%]<br />United States <br />[2.4%, 95%]<br />China <br />[64.9%, 38%]<br />India <br />[52%,30%]<br />Africa<br />[60%, 20%]<br />Argentina <br />[9.4%, 75%]<br />( ) Figures indicate population engaged in Agriculture & level of farm mechanization<br />Source: Sinocast China Business Daily, 01/04/2006 <br />Huge Gap in Mechanization levels<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  34. 34. 10<br />Productivity : and Government agrees..<br />Increase in productivity upto, % <br />12-34 %<br />Seed-cum-fertilizer Drill facilitates: <br />Saving in Seeds, % <br />20 %<br />15-20 %<br />Increase in productivity upto, % <br />An illustration<br />Enhancement in cropping intensity,% <br />5-22 %<br />29-49 %<br />Increase in gross income & return of the farmers,%<br />Source : Report of the Sub-Group on Agricultural Implements and Machinery for Formulation of 9th Five Year Plan, Government of India<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  35. 35. 11<br />Farm Mechanisation :there are Challenges to overcome….<br />Finance and policy support absence <br />Small land holdings - 39% under 2ha [Marginal & Small]<br />Standardisation and quality control<br />Cultivation practices change to suit mechanisation<br />Uneconomical higher end technologies<br />Education, training & promotion of equipment<br />Irrigation facilities<br />R&D for Indianised mechanisation solutions<br />Focus only on Cereal crops<br />Promotion of mechanisation across the crop cycle <br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  36. 36. 12<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy: interdependent domains<br />Critical interdependent Strategy Domains<br />Farm machinery<br />People<br />Policy<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  37. 37. 13<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />Address the challenges of <br />Farm Machinery<br />Policy<br />People<br />with<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />Affordability<br />to achieve higher productivity<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  38. 38. 14<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />National Policy on Farm Mechanisation<br />Farm machinery<br />Policy<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />People<br />Affordability<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  39. 39. 15<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />National Policy on Farm Mechanisation<br />Farm machinery<br />Policy<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />People<br />Affordability<br />Custom Hiring<br />Co-operative Farming<br />Fresh Look on appropriate product design<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  40. 40. 16<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />National Policy on Farm Mechanisation<br />Farm machinery<br />Policy<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />People<br />Affordability<br />Retail Finance<br /><ul><li>Flexible & Liberal Lending norms</li></ul>Subsidies and incentives linked to productivity [Yield/ha]<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  41. 41. 17<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />National Policy on Farm Mechanisation<br />Farm machinery<br />Policy<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />People<br />Affordability<br />Focus to cover complete crop cycle<br />Promote Manufacturing investments<br />Promote Model farms/ local light houses <br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  42. 42. 18<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />Farm machinery<br />Policy<br />People<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />Affordability<br />Farmer -In Approach [rather than Govt./Corp. out]<br />PPP Framework to promote<br /><ul><li>Education/Skill Development
  43. 43. Adoption of Technologies</li></ul>C. Promote Service providing entrepreneurs <br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  44. 44. 19<br />Farm Mechanisation Strategy : Address the challenges<br />Promotion of New Technologies<br />&<br />Cultivation Practices<br />Farm Machinery<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Indianised Technology<br />Policy<br />People<br />Affordability<br />Create Roadmap/Hierarchy of focus<br />Identify Mechanisation Gaps<br />Promote alliances with overseas machinery Manufacturers<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  45. 45. Farm Mechanisation Strategy : at a Glance<br />20<br />Custom Hiring<br />Co-operative Farming<br /> Fresh look at appropriate Product design<br /> Farmer -In Approach [rather than Govt./Corp. out]<br /> Promote PPP Framework<br /><ul><li>Education/Skill Development
  46. 46. Adoption of Technologies</li></ul>C. Promote Service providing entrepreneurs <br />Farm Machinery<br />Create Roadmap/ Hierarchy of focus<br />Identify Mechanisation Gaps<br />Promote alliances with overseas Machinery Manufacturers<br />People<br />Indianised Technology<br />Small Land Holdings<br />Policy<br />Affordability<br />Retail Finance<br />Subsidies & incentives linked to productivity<br />Focus to cover complete crop cycle<br />Promote Mfg. investments<br />Promote Model farms<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  47. 47. 21<br />Farm Mechanisation:Evolution<br />Mechanisation Revolution<br />Needed….<br />Post liberalization <br /><ul><li>Declining trend in investment,
  48. 48. Stagnation in output
  49. 49. Declining in quality of land & water</li></ul>Post green revolution<br /><ul><li>MSPs introduction
  50. 50. Procurement of Cereals
  51. 51. Agricultural credit
  52. 52. Subsidies on inputs &
  53. 53. Use of ground water
  54. 54. Market intervention</li></ul>Green Revolution <br /><ul><li> HYV of Wheat & Rice
  55. 55. Increased supply of inputs like fertilizers & pesticides
  56. 56. Expansion of major & minor irrigation facilities</li></ul>Pre-Green revolution <br />Major policy thrust for land reforms & development of water resource<br />1975<br />1990<br />2010<br />1965<br />1950<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  57. 57. 22<br />Farm Mechanisation :way forward…<br />Mechanisation<br />Revolution<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  58. 58. 23<br />Farm Mechanisation :way forward…<br />National Mission <br />on <br />Farm Mechanisation<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />
  59. 59. 24<br />Thank You<br />Strategies to improve farm productivity through farm mechanization<br />

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