ESCORTS R&D IN FARM MECHANISATION- ICAR CII MEETINGS 23 May 2011

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  • Currently, India has bushy hybrids which grow up to 6 ft and have width of more than 4 ft. This kind of biomass will create problems for machine harvesting. Hence from machine harvesting perspective, we need to have compact hybrids which grow up to 3 ft and have width of only 2 ft.In addition to this, cotton harvester require precision planting in terms of straightness of rows. If the row to row distance is not uniform the picker row units will run over the plants and results in improper picking of cotton.Sugarcane – Sugarcane harvesters require minimum of 4 ft / 5ft. In addition to this, erect varieties are required which will avoid the issue of loss due to lodge cane and also that uniform de-topping can be achieved resulting in low trash content in the harvested cane.
  • ESCORTS R&D IN FARM MECHANISATION- ICAR CII MEETINGS 23 May 2011

    1. 1. Research & Development needs <br />In Farm Mechanization<br />Escorts Ltd, India<br />1<br />
    2. 2. 2<br /><ul><li>Indian Agriculture- Snap Shot
    3. 3. Tractor Market Trend
    4. 4. Farm Mechanization Potential and R&D interventions required </li></li></ul><li>3<br />“Indian Agriculture” <br />Snap Shot and Potential<br />
    5. 5. Indian Agriculture Strengths<br /><ul><li>Highest Arable Land - 47% of total land against Avg. 11 % in the world
    6. 6. Round the Year Cultivation - 20 Agro-climatic regions and 46 Soil types suited for round the year cultivation
    7. 7. Ranks first in production of Pulses, Tea, Jute and allied fibers
    8. 8. Second largest producer of Wheat, Rice, Groundnut, Fruits and Vegetables, Sugarcane & Third largest producer of Mustard, Potatoes, Cotton lint, etc.</li></ul>102.8 Million Cultivators, over 7.5% own > 4 ha. Avg farm land size <2 ha, <br />4<br />Average Land Holding and Number of Farmers<br />Bottom of Pyramid Country; Affordability, Equipment size are key to success. Emerging Cooperative Ownership model / custom hiring use high end equipment<br />
    9. 9. The Agricultural Equipment market is driven by several factors<br />5<br />GOVT. INVESTING 300 Mil $ PER DAY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT INCLUDING FINANCING <br />
    10. 10. UK<br />France<br />West<br />Germany<br />Pakistan<br />Korea<br />Italy<br />India<br />Poland<br />USA<br />Turkey<br />Brazil<br />Russia<br />Potential Exists in Improving Farm Power per Hectare<br />Even at this level India is the largest producer of tractors in the World<br />Source : World Bank<br />
    11. 11. Impact of mechanization on productivity<br />Source: Indiaagristat.com<br />Direct correlation of higher productivity with higher Mechanization level<br />7<br />
    12. 12. Crop Scenario<br />5143.4<br />2318.1<br />6590.1<br />2988.6<br />2976.7<br />2840.8<br />4365.0<br />9000<br />2040.1<br />1603.3<br />India very low on<br />Productivity<br />Opportunity for adoption of Technology<br /> * Figures represents Yield of major crops during 2009<br /> ** Yield is defined as kg/ha<br />Source: FAOSTAT<br />
    13. 13. 9<br />“Tractor Market” <br />Overview<br />
    14. 14. Indian Tractor Industry Trend<br />Largest Tractor Market in World, Set to cross 500,000 tractors a year mark, <br />10<br />
    15. 15. 11<br />Horse Power Segment Trend<br />Huge opportunity at entry level, virgin sub 15 HP segment replacing bullock <br />Shift towards higher HP is evident due to increased tractor usage<br />
    16. 16. 12<br />“Farm Mechanization Opportunities”<br />
    17. 17. Indian Agriculture : key vectors and critical success factor<br />Increase in Production <br />Objective<br />Key Vectors<br />Enhancing Cropping intensity<br />Productivity increase [Yield/ha]<br /><ul><li> Shorten crop cycle – short duration varieties
    18. 18. Efficient water management
    19. 19. Timeliness
    20. 20. Efficient input use & placement
    21. 21. Crop cycle management
    22. 22. Reduce losses</li></ul>leads to <br />Critical Success Factor <br />Efficient & mechanised operations<br />13<br />
    23. 23. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />Crops <br />All Crops<br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    24. 24. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />Crops <br />All Crops<br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li>Levelling
    25. 25. Land reclamation
    26. 26. Sub soiling
    27. 27. Raised beds</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    28. 28. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />Grains<br />Horticulture<br />Cash Crops<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br /><ul><li> Transplanting
    29. 29. Rice
    30. 30. Horticulture
    31. 31. Planting
    32. 32. Sugarcane
    33. 33. Potato & Root Crops
    34. 34. Plastic Mulch & planter</li></ul>Mech.<br />Gaps<br />Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    35. 35. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />All Crops<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li> Spreaders
    36. 36. Manure
    37. 37. Fertilizer</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    38. 38. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />All Crops<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li>Conservative farming
    39. 39. Sub surface Irrigation
    40. 40. Sprinkler</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    41. 41. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />All Crops<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li> Sprayers
    42. 42. Dusters </li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    43. 43. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />Row Crops<br />Horticulture<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li>Tiller
    44. 44. Weeder
    45. 45. Ridger</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    46. 46. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />Crops except<br />Cereals<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li> Digger
    47. 47. Harvester
    48. 48. Pickers
    49. 49. Balers
    50. 50. Reapers</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    51. 51. Gaps in Farm Mechanisation - Mechanisation levels<br />Tractor <br />Usage <br />All Crops<br />Crops <br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />Level<br />Mech.<br />Gaps<br /><ul><li> Grader
    52. 52. Dehusker
    53. 53. Cleaner
    54. 54. Dryer</li></ul>Mech Level<br />High<br />Low<br />
    55. 55. Customer Needs Across Ag Value Chain<br />Grains<br />Cotton<br />Horticulture<br />Sugarcane <br />Potato<br />Maize <br />Straw/stalks<br />Forage<br />Crop Care<br />Rice<br />Horticulture<br />Sugarcane <br />Potato<br />Maize , cereals <br />All Crops<br />All Crops<br />Inter Cultivation<br />Tillage& Seedbed Preparation<br />Sowing/ Planting<br />Fertiliser Application<br />Irrigation<br />Harvesting<br />Post Harvesting<br />Crop<br />Cycle <br />Plant Protection<br />All Crops<br />All Crops<br />Storage<br />Trash Management<br />Mechanisation<br />High<br />Low<br />Harvesting, Crop Care and Seeding are top priority for the farmer<br />
    56. 56. Changes required in Ag Practices (1/2)<br />Cotton<br />Vegetables<br />Bushy Hybrids <br />Compact hybrids with<br />precision planting<br />Sugarcane<br /><ul><li>4 /5 ft row spacing
    57. 57. Erect varieties</li></ul>Optimal spacing for machine entry<br />
    58. 58. Changes required in Ag Practices (2/2)<br />Provision for Head land<br />
    59. 59. Area of Collaboration<br />26<br />Individually Govt. and Private sector is doing their bit<br />Need to develop synergy for effective resource utilization and implementation<br />Educate farmers about correct farm machinery and practices<br />
    60. 60. Sum Up<br />The face of Indian Agriculture has changed in the past 5-10 years. <br />Mechanized solutions are fast replacing the traditional labourintensive solutions.<br />Tractor usage and demand is growing steadily. Tractor driven and self propelled farm equipment are needed at every stage in crop cycle<br />Robust R & D input require for adaptation/developing appropriate implements/farm machinery – Research institutes may offer design and testing facilities/undertake specific projects.<br />Need to build synergy between Govt. institutes and Private sector for effective utilization of resources.<br />Govt. Institute can propagate new farm practices for adopting new technology<br />Create a window for sharing information<br />27<br />
    61. 61. Thank You!<br />Jai Kisan<br />28<br /><ul><li>Website : www.escortsagri.com & www.escortsgroup.com</li>

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