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Oral presentation

  1. 1. DRUGS ABUSE Prepared by :NURUL ILINA SYAZWANI BINTI ZAMURI ILYA ADIRA BINTI JAININ
  2. 2. DRUGS-WHAT ARE THEY?A drug, is any substance that, when absorbedinto the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily function. Drugs are chemicals that change the way a persons body works by altering emotions and thoughts.
  3. 3. DRUG ABUSEDrug abuse is an intense desire to obtain increasing amounts of a particular substance.
  4. 4. SIGNS OF DRUG ABUSE• Problems remembering things you recently said or did• Getting drunk on a regular basis• Lying about how much alcohol you are drinking• Thinking that drug is necessary to have fun• Having frequent hangovers• Feeling run-down, depressed, or even suicidal• Having "blackouts• Having problems at work or getting in trouble with the law
  5. 5. KNOW THE FACTS ABOUT DRUGS!• Drug is a contributing factor in at least half of all murders, suicides, and car accidents.• Heavy drinking along with drunk driving increases your chances of serious injury or death.• Heavy drinking is also linked with physical fighting, destroyed property, school and job problems, and trouble with law enforcement authorities.
  6. 6. KNOW THE FACTS ABOUT DRUGS!• Marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug in the United States.• Cocaine, heroin and methamphetamines are illegal in all states and highly dangerous.• It is illegal to buy or sell ecstasy.
  7. 7. THE MAIN DRUGS OF ABUSETYPE EXAMPLE DEPENDENCE LIABILITYNarcotics analgesics Morphine, Diamorphine Very StrongGeneral central nervous Ethanol, Barbiturates Strongsystem depressants Methaqualone, Moderate Glutethimide, AnaesthetIcs Solvents StrongAnxiolytic Drugs Benzodiazepines ModeratePsychomotor stimulants Amphetamines Strong Cocaine, Nicotine Very Strong Caffeine WeakPsychotomimetic agents Lysergic acid diethylamide Weak or Absent Mescaline Weak or Absent Phencyclidine Moderate Cannabis Weak
  8. 8. CONSUMPTION OF VARIOUS DRUGS
  9. 9. • Street namesMARIJUANA include pot, herb, weed, boom, Mary Jane, and chronic • The amount of tar inhaled and the level of carbon monoxide absorbed are 3-5 times greater than cigarette smokers.
  10. 10. EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA USE Physical Effects of use: Drymouth, nausea, headache, decreased coordination, increased heart rate, reduced muscle strength, increased appetite and eating Mental Effects of use: Anxiety, confusion, anger, tiredness, possible suicidal thoughts
  11. 11. COCAINE & • Both drugs can be snorted, smoked or HEROINE injected by needle into a vein. • Prolonged cocaine snorting can result in sores of the inside of the nose and can damage the cartilage enough to cause it to collapse. • Heroin is ranked second as the most frequently mentioned drug in drug- related deaths.
  12. 12. COCAINE & HEROINE The IV drug user is at risk for transmitting or acquiring HIV infection/AIDS if needles or other injection equipment are shared. Bad Effects: Infected veins, hepatitis liver disease, pneumonia, heart infections, paranoia,depression, miscarriage, overdose and even death!Good News: According to a 1998 study, less than1% of teens are regular cocaine users. In fact, 98% of teens have never even tried cocaine.
  13. 13. PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF DRUG USE1990 1995 Same user of Methamphetamines 5 years later Infection from drug use
  14. 14. Drug Abuse Treatment Can Work No single treatment is appropriate for all individuals.  Treatment needs to be readily available.  Treatment must attend to multiple needs of the individual, not just drug use.  Multiple courses of treatment may be required for success.  Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is critical for treatment effectiveness.
  15. 15. WHAT’S YOUR ANTI DRUGS ?Some popular anti- drugs: music, dancing, watching televison, computers, basketball, family, singing, friendship, life, football, track, ro ck climbing, volunteering.
  16. 16. WHICH ROUTE WILL YOU CHOOSE ?EASY STREET OR HARD ROAD ?
  17. 17. REFERENCES http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Substance_abuse http://timetogethelp.drugfree.org/ http://drugabuse.com/
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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