A drug that affects the brain.
Drugs that are regulated by state and federal laws.
Such drugs may be declared illegal for sale or use, but
may be dispensed under a physician's prescription.
A drug whose production or use is prohibited or
strictly controlled via prescription.
Why is illegal drug use dangerous?
damage to brain and body
major factor in
suicide, accidents and crimes
risk of spreading disease
through sharing needles
can result in overdose
drug use leads to making
The reasons people begin using drugs
are similar to the reasons they begin to
drink or smoke.
What are these reasons?
* Desire to experiment
* Desire to escape depression /
* Enjoyment of risky behavior
* Belief that drugs solve personal
* Peer pressure
* Media glamorizing drug use
1. Regular drug use
Drugs that lead to the use of
other drugs are called what?
What are the 3 most common ones?
All drugs, legal and illegal, are classified into
different categories based on their similar effects on
the mind and body.
•Drugs that slow down the central nervous system.
•People using depressants may feel happy and
content, as well as sleepy and relaxed.
Depressants often slow down bodily functions
such as breathing and heart rate, and may make
it hard to speak (slurred speech) or move
properly in large enough doses, in which case
they may be harmful.
•Depressants are most often prescribed for
anxiety and sleep disorders.
that speed up the central nervous system.
• People using stimulants may feel happy
and excited, and have more energy,
concentration or motivation. Stimulants
make it difficult to sleep and suppress
• Most stimulants have more
side effects then other drugs.
• Hallucinogens change the way people see, hear, feel
• Most common hallucinogen is LSD
• No matter what form it comes in, LSD
leads the user to a same place, a serious
disconnect from reality
• LSD users call an LSD experience a
“trip,” usually lasting 12 hours or so.
When things go wrong, which often
happens, it is called a “bad trip,”
another name for a living nightmare!
• Psychoactive drugs that tend to be abused by
teens and young adults at bars, night clubs, and
• Its’ properties and effects are similar to
known hallucinogens or narcotics, but
having a slightly altered chemical
•Drugs that resemble common illegal
drugs in chemical structure and effect.
Marijuana is a
word used to
and leaves of
Hashish is a
from resins of
The chemical in
cannabis that creates
this distortion is known
The cannabis plant, from
which marijuana is
derived, has over 400
Poor coordination of movement
Lowered reaction time
After an initial “up,” the user feels sleepy
Increased heartbeat (and risk of heart
Reduced resistance to common illnesses (
Increase of abnormally structured cells in the
Reduction of male sex hormones
Rapid destruction of lung fibers and lesions to
the brain could be permanent
Reduced sexual capacity
Apathy, drowsiness, lack of motivation
Personality and mood changes
Inability to understand things clearly
Can you become dependant on
you can build
Can marijuana use affect your
driving? If so, how?
Yes, much like
It can slow your reaction
time and impair your
Marijuana and School
Marijuana and school don’t mix.
Marijuana makes it harder for
users to concentrate, and slows
One of the prevalent effects of
marijuana is the decline in
Marijuana damages the
user’s memory and things
such as simple math
problems become extremely
Marijuana can actually be classified as a
stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogen based on the
strand or potency, but for all intensive purposes, we will
classify marijuana as a mild hallucinogen.
Drugs that are inhaled as vapors.
The 2 most common inhalants used for
medical reasons are…
What type of effects might you
experience from inhalants?
inhibitions, dizziness, lo
thinking, fear, anxiety,
Ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is
chemically similar to the stimulant
methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.
Ecstasy (MDMA) produces feelings of
increased energy, euphoria, emotional
warmth, and distortions in
time, perception, and tactile experiences
Most commonly called “molly”
Coined terminology when on the drug –
Extremely Addictive Narcotic
Most heroin is
injected, creating additional
risks for the user, who faces the
danger of AIDS or other
infections on top of the pain of
Cocaine was originally
developed as a
Cocaine is most often
sniffed with the powder
absorbed into the
the nasal tissues.
It can also be ingested or
rubbed into the gums
o To more rapidly
absorb the drug into the
body, abusers inject
it, but this substantially
increases the risk of
Crystal form of cocaine
Crack is heated and smoked
It is so named because it makes a
cracking or popping sound when
o The most potent/riskiest form in
which cocaine appears
o Smoking crack allows it to reach
the brain more quickly and thus
brings an intense and immediate
– but very short lived- high that
last about 15 minutes.
White, Crystalline Drug
Develop a strong desire to continue using it
because the drug creates a false sense of
happiness and well-being -A “RUSH” of confidence, hyperactiveness and
most commonly used as a
taken while partying in night clubs and at raves
A synthetic version
of the male
What type of
effects might this
drug have on an
Bones will mature early, growth can be
stunted, can cause sever acne,
rapid weight gain,
and heart attacks.
to grow in males
Can shrink the testes
ROID RAGE can lead to violent behavior, crime assault and rape.
Makes abusers more irritable and aggressive.
With all the bad side
included, why do you
people still use drugs?