Self Administration of aSubstance for non-medicalpurposes.A condition characterized byan overwhelming desire tocontinue taking a drug towhich one has becomehabituated through repeatedconsumption because itproduces a particular effect,usually an alteration of mentalStatus. status.
* Drug addiction is a complex illness. Addiction, is characterized by compulsive drug craving, seeking, and use that persists even in the face of negative consequences.* As with any other disease, vulnerability to addiction differs from person to person. In general, the more risk factors an individual has, the greater the chance that taking drugs will lead to abuse and addiction.
* Three types of drugs are abused most often:* Opioids—prescribed for pain relief* CNS depressants— barbiturates and benzodiazepines prescribed for anxiety or sleep problems (often referred to as sedatives or tranquilizers)* Stimulants—prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the sleep disorder narcolepsy, or obesity
*The effects of these Drugs Depressants Street Administeredare Sedation, Drowsiness, NameRelaxation, and includesslurred speech and Barbiturates Barbs, red, Injectedconfusion. Phennies, SwallowedPotential Health yellowConsequences - lowered jacketblood pressure, slowedbreathing, tolerance, Benzodiazepine Valium, Swallowedwithdrawal, addiction; Xanax,increased risk of respiratory Candy,distress and death when Ativancombined with alcohol Sleep Meds Ambien, Snorted, Sonata, Swallowed Roofies, Rope
Codeine School Injected Boy Snorted* Pain relief, euphoria, Captain drowsiness, sedation, Cody weakness, dizziness, nausea, impaired Morphine Roxanol Injected coordination, confusion, Miss Swallowed dry mouth, itching, Emma Smoked sweating, clammy skin, Monkey constipation Methadone Fizzies Injected* Potential Health Dolopine Swallowed Consequences - slowed or arrested breathing, Other Tylox, Chewed lowered pulse and blood Opioids Oxycotion Swallowed pressure, tolerance, addiction, Percocet Snort unconsciousness, coma, Herion inject death lortab Lorcet opana
* Feelings of exhilaration, Types Street increased energy, mental name alertness Amphetamine Hearts, Injected* Potential Health Speed swallowed Consequences - Truck smoked increased heart rate, Drivers snorted blood pressure, and metabolism, reduced Methylphenidate Smart Injected appetite, weight loss, Drug Swallowed nervousness, insomnia, Concerta snorted seizures, heart attack, Ritalin stroke
Signs and Symptoms of Drug Abuse Signs and Symptoms of Drug Addiction* You’re neglecting your * You’ve built up a drug tolerance. You need to use more of the drug to experience the responsibilities at school, work, or same effects home (e.g. flunking classes, skipping work, neglecting your * You take drugs to avoid or relieve withdrawal symptoms. If you go too long children) because of your drug use. without drugs, you experience symptoms* You’re using drugs under such as nausea, restlessness, insomnia, depression, sweating. dangerous conditions or taking risks while high, such as driving * You’ve lost control over your drug use. You while on drugs, using dirty needles, often do drugs or use more than you or having unprotected sex. planned, even though you told yourself you wouldn’t.* Your drug use is getting you into * Your life revolves around drug use. You legal trouble, such as arrests for spend a lot of time using and thinking about disorderly conduct, driving under drugs, figuring out how to get them, and the influence, or stealing to recovering from the drug’s effects. support a drug habit. * You’ve abandoned activities you used to* Your drug use is causing problems enjoy, such as hobbies, sports, and socializing, because of your drug use. in your relationships, such as fights with your partner or family * You continue to use drugs, despite members, an unhappy boss, or the knowing it’s hurting you. It’s causing major problems in your life—blackouts, infections, loss of old friends. mood swings, depression, paranoia
Biological Factors: Psychological Factors: -Curiosity. -Family history, genetic -As a novelty predisposition -Social rebelliousness. -Preexisting -Early initiation psychiatric or -Poor control personality disorder, or a medical disorder. -Sensation seeking. (Feeling high). -Low self-esteem (Anomie). -Reinforcing effects of -Poor stress management. drugs. -Childhood loss or trauma. -Withdrawal effects -As a relief from fatigue or and craving. boredom. -To escape reality -Biochemical factors -No interest in conventional goals.
* Taking a recreational drug Drugs of abuse affect causes a surge in levels of dopamine in your brain, which trigger feelings of pleasure. Your three primary areas of brain remembers these feelings and wants them repeated. the brain:* If you become addicted, the substance takes on the same significance as other survival behaviors, such as eating and drinking.* Changes in your brain interfere with your ability to think clearly, exercise good judgment, control your behavior, and feel normal without drugs* All drugs of abuse—nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, and others— affect the brain’s “reward” circuit, which is part of the limbic system
Physical warning signs of drug abuse* Bloodshot eyes, pupils larger or smaller than usual.* Changes in appetite or sleep patterns. Sudden weight loss or weight gain.* Deterioration of physical appearance, personal grooming habits.* Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing.* Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination.Psychological warning signs of drug abuse* Unexplained change in personality or attitude.* Sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outbursts.* Periods of unusual hyperactivity, agitation, or giddiness.* Lack of motivation; appears lethargic or “spaced out.”* Appears fearful, anxious, or paranoid, with no reason.
o Speak up. Talk to the person about your concerns, and offer your help and support, without being judgmental. The earlier addiction is treated, the better. Don’t wait for your loved one to hitSupport can come from: bottom! Be prepared for excuses and denial by listing specific examples of* family members your loved one’s behavior that has you worried.* close friends o Take care of yourself. Don’t get so caught up in someone else’s drug* therapists or counselors problem that you neglect your own needs. Make sure you have people you* other recovering addicts can talk to and lean on for support. And stay safe. Don’t put yourself in* healthcare providers dangerous situations. o Avoid self-blame. You can support a* people from your faith person with a substance abuse problem and encourage treatment, but you can’t community force an addict to change. You can’t control your loved one’s decisions. Let the person accept responsibility for his or her actions, an essential step along the way to recovery for drug addiction.
o Recognizing that you have aoFinding help and support problem is the first step on the road to recovery, one that takes for drug addiction tremendous courage and strength. Facing your addiction withoutoVisit a Narcotics minimizing the problem or making Anonymous meeting in excuses can feel frightening and your area. overwhelming, but recovery is within reach. If you’re ready tooCall 1-800-662-HELP in make a change and willing to seek the U.S. to reach a free help, you can overcome your addiction and build a satisfying, referral helpline from the drug-free life for yourself. Substance Abuse and o Don’t try to go it alone; it’s all too Mental Health Services easy to get discouraged and Administration. rationalize “just one more” hit or pill. Whether you choose to go to rehab, rely on self-help programs, get therapy, or take a self-directed treatment approach, support is essential.