Engendering research in LIVES value chain development interventions


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Presented by Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson at the LIVES Research Planning Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013

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Engendering research in LIVES value chain development interventions

  1. 1. Engendering Research in LIVES Value Chain Development Interventions Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson LIVES Research Planning Workshop Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013
  2. 2. Outline• Why engender research in LIVES?• How does LIVES gender work intersect with ILRI’s CG research plan on Livestock and Fish?• Research approaches to incorporating gender in all VC /Commodity work• Concluding Remarks/Questions
  3. 3. Why “engender” research?• In many countries, women make up a larger percentage of the agricultural labor• Women participate along the entire agricultural value chain, contributing as producers, distributors, processors, storers, and marketers, as well as, being responsible for feeding their families
  4. 4. Women, on average,comprise 43% of theagricultural laborforce in developingcountries andaccount for anestimated two-thirdsof the world’s 600million poor livestockkeepers.Farming First (http://www.farmingfirst.org/women)
  5. 5. A significant share of households in all regions are headed bywomen, yet their access to productive resources and services arelimited.Farming First (http://www.farmingfirst.org/women)
  6. 6. Women have:• Less access to land, less money to buy land, using more borrowed or illegal land• Fewer head of livestock than male-headed households• Higher number of orphans living in female-headed households than male headedUSAID, 2003
  7. 7. • Fewer agricultural inputs, such as improved seed and fertilizer, used by female-headed households• Less access to extension services and improved technologies
  8. 8. Could increase yields on farms by 20 – 30 percent which… Could raise total agricultural output in developing countries 2.5 – 4 percent which… Could reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12 – 17 percentState of Food and Agriculture FAO 2011
  9. 9. CRP 3.7 Livestock and Fish Gender Outcome and OutputsOutcome:“Poor women, men and marginalized groups haveimproved and more equitable access to affordableanimal source foods through gender equitableinterventions” http://livestock- fish.wikispaces.com/Gender+and+Learning
  10. 10. CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs:Output 1: Increased gender capacity within CG, partnerorganizations, and value chain actors to diagnose andovercome gender based constraints within value chainsOutput 2: Strategies and approaches developed throughwhich women and marginalized groups improve thenature and level of participation in livestock and fishvalue chains
  11. 11. CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs (Continued):Output 3: Strategies and approaches that increasewomen and marginalized groups entitlement toaccess markets and control resources, technologies,labor, power and the benefits of their workOutput 4: Strategies and approaches to promoteincreased level and equity in animal source foodconsumption within poor households
  12. 12. LIVES Gender ObjectivesTo increase equity of gender roles in value chainnodes and chain governance of high value livestockcommodities and irrigated cropsTo increase gender sensitive knowledgemanagement and capacity building interventionsin high value livestock commodities and irrigatedcropsTo ensure gender sensitive approaches are used byLIVES’s research and development partners
  13. 13. Gender Sensitive Research Steps in Value Chain Development• Map Gender Roles & Relationships along the VC• Identify gender constraints along the VC• Assess the consequences of the gender constraints• Identify and implement actions to overcome constraints• Carry out Action Research• Measure outcomes of implementations
  14. 14. Integrating Gender in Agricultural VC 1. Mapping 6.Measuring Gender Roles Outcomes and Relations along the VC 2. Moving from 5. Action Gender Research inequality to Constraints 3. Assessing the 4. Taking Consequences of Action Constraints Source: Adopted from Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains, USAID, 2010
  15. 15. Gender sensitive knowledge management and capacity building research approach• Identify formal/informal institutions involved in brokering knowledge and capacity development• Identify knowledge and capacity development methods used by different institutions• Identify knowledge magt/capacity building institutions and methods that ensure access for men and women• Identify constraints and its implications on gender• propose gender sensitive knowledge/capacity development intervention• Action Research• Measuring the outcomes of the intervention/action
  16. 16. Gender sensitive Knowledge Management and capacity building Research outputs/outcomes• Diagnostic research output – Role of informal institutions/farmer to farmer in knowledge sharing by and for women – Couples training – Involvement of young family members in FHH • Action research
  17. 17. Final Remarks• The VC for all types of High value commodities should be seen through a gender lens while research agenda is set for LIVES• Gender sensitive diagnostic and action research need to give insight on innovative ways of Knowledge Management and Capacity building interventions
  18. 18. Thank You!!www.lives-ethiopia.org