Enhancing the employment of women fish retailers in Egypt


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Presented by Paula Kantor at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

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  • Improving Employment and Incomes through the Development of Egypt’s Aquaculture SectorProject oriented to enhancing numbers & quality of employment, particularly for poor women & youth, given Arab spring and high youth UEHow ever in AQ sector, rising costs and stable prices has put industry under threat…so need to secure the sector (improve productivity, margins; value addition opps) so all employment secured…Then enhance employmentProject proposal informed by rapid VCA – identified fish retail (rural areas) as main node where women are found
  • Assumptions:Women retailers willing to be represented by RC; RC provides benefits; works in interests of all women retailers in areaDo higher sales lead to higher profits? What if input prices rise, price of fish in retail mkt falls?Increased employment?
  • Retailer committees are operating in each governorate - although approvals from Ministry of Social Affairs are not yet through for Beheraand the 2nd group in Mineya
  • Shakshouk, Fayoum continues to act as a model development which the others are following with slight variations in each area. Shakshouk market is working well - The market came about after CARE started working with the CDA.Developing a marketplace was included in the business plan drawn up by the women retailers with the assistance of CARE and the CDA.They spoke to Shakshouk council who offered the land. The money wasn’t enough so extra assistance came from local businesses.it has resulted in dialogue between the women retailers and the local govt. officials. The women are now demanding that the council provides a water supply for the market. Also better shade on the roof. They say that their situation has already improved as they now sell their fish more quickly so they have more time for other activities. Customers know where to go to buy fish and the fish is fresher as it’s being sold more quickly. The market is also popular with local residentsbecause it’s cleaner and with drivers because the women aren’t blocking the road. No negatives so far!
  • Mineya
  • Enhancing the employment of women fish retailers in Egypt

    1. 1. Enhancing the employment of women fish retailers in Egypt Paula Kantor Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013
    2. 2. The IEIDEAS Project • Project approved December 2011 (SDC funded; 3 years) • Main activities: – Dissemination of ‘Abbassa strain’ genetically improved tilapia – Development of Best Management Practice guidelines followed by BMP training – Support for women retailers (managed by CARE) – Expansion of aquaculture in Upper Egypt (CARE) – Improving the policy environment for aquaculture
    3. 3. Project impact pathway IEIDEAS Project Dissemination of improved tilapia strain Strengthen institutions & improve policy Implementing at scale Increased aquaculture sustainability (productivity, production, quali ty, flexibility in harvest strategies) Best management practice training INCREASED INCOMES Pilot testing & research Widespread adoption of ‘desert’ aquaculture Develop technologies for use in Upper Egypt Research on pro-poor aquaculture INCREASED EMPLOYMENT Piloting Women retailer approaches IMPROVED NUTRITION Uptake of propoor aquaculture technologies Spread of women retailer approaches IEIDEAS Project partners
    4. 4. Project governorates • 5 governorates • Concentration of aquaculture in the Delta • Expansion into Upper Egypt
    5. 5. Support for women retailers Entitlement to control assets, own income; decision making Increased incomes Improved nutrition Higher profits? Retained employment Increased consumption Improved working conditions Increased fish sales Improved government relations Individual women more engaged in the market Value addition Reduced losses Knowledge gaps RCs represent retailers interests (advocacy, training, inputs, capit al…) Form retailer committees (RCs); provide support & training Improved fish quality Improved CDA management and effectiveness as RC platform Capacity development of CDAs Situational analysis of women & men retailers CDA situational analysis
    6. 6. Activities to date • Retailer survey in 5 project governorates (July 2012) – Women retailers only (gender analysis?) – Occupation of last resort – Challenges of regular supply; handling & storage; space to vend; transport; lack of market power/info – Little economic data collected • Women retailer committees formed • Proposal-writing training in Mineya, Fayoum & Kafr ElSheikh
    7. 7. Activities to date • Shakshouk (Fayoum) CDA proposal: – 120 iceboxes distributed – tricycle investment – marketplace in Shakshouk – training, capacity building for RC members & retailers • New retailer survey, women & men, non beneficiary women – Value added – Decent work – Control over income and HH level outcomes
    8. 8. Challenges • Political context and ability to form organizations, advocate for change, work on gender equality • Doing and paying directly versus developing sustainable organizations, value chains • Focus and scale of the intervention and mindset about scale • Implementation versus research/RinD • Gender accommodating versus transformative – Extent of gender integration capacity
    9. 9. Pro-poor aquaculture production Improved nutrition Increased incomes Increased fish production poor HHs Increased consumption Large-scale uptake of homestead aquaculture by poor families Increased control of income by women Women’s entitlement to control income, assets increases Partners promote expansion of aquaculture among poor families using HH approach Design scalable intervention, integrating GTAs Develop technologyspecific BMPs Identify and test technologies and develop guidelines for pilot tests Identify constraints, potential interventions and technologies eg homestead catfish tanks Monitoring of pilot and adoption assessment Implement pilot schemes Identify potential sites and HHs for pilot scale interventions
    10. 10. Activities and potential research • Developing tank AQ system that will work for catfish – Struggling with the system; assessing potential of tank culture of tilapia • Once system is identified and pilot testing in process: – Research on gender, risk and uptake of new tank AQ technology
    11. 11. Future opportunities: Egypt & Bangladesh • DANIDA funds for value addition/ market expansion (EG) – Developing processing industry – How to ensure poor & women can benefit from these new opportunities? • Research on conditions under which fish retail can be transformative for women (EG) • Research on transformative employment in the AQ sector (EG and BG) • Test GTA VCA tools in Bangladesh