Homer’s Mini Bio:It is believed thatHomor was blind andlived on the island ofChios in theMediterranean,where other poetsor rhapsodists resided.(http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks/background/3a_p1.html)
Homor’s Tales:Homer wrote two of the most important literaryworks, The Iliad and The Odyssey.His stories were first recorded soon after theGreeks invented their alphabet around 700 B.C.Because he used a basic story pattern, hisstories were easily memorized and told forentertainment.
The Illiad: the story of how a beautiful woman, Helen, is taken from her husband, the king ofTroy, which starts the Trojan War
The Odyssey: the journey of Odysseus, King of Ithaka, as he tries to get home to his family following the Trojan War
Setting of The Illiad:Time: Around 1200 B.C.Place: The Illiad tells the story of the fall ofIllium, the ancient Greek city commonly referredto as Troy. The epic covers the last six weeks ofthe ten-year war between the Greeks and theTrojans.
Character Relationships in The Iliad:Trojans:Priam, King of Troy and Queen Hecuba-daughters: Polyxena, Cassandra-sons: Hector, Paris
Greeks (Achaeans):Menelaus, King of Sparta, and wife HelenAgammemnon, King of Mycenae: (brother ofMenelaus); and wife Clytemnestra-daughter Iphegenia (niece of Helen)Achilles: soldier; mother is the goddess Thetis whomarried a mortalPratroclus: solider and best friend of AchillesAjax: soldierOdysseus, King of Ithaka
Guiding Question:In Scene 1, the narrator refers to The Illiad as astory of “the tragic consequence of a single act”. What is “that single act” that starts the Trojan War?